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    Optimized implementation of cardiac resynchronization therapy: a call for action for referral and optimization of care: A joint position statement from the Heart Failure Association (HFA), European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA), and European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) of the European Society of Cardiology. Mullens Wilfried,Auricchio Angelo,Martens Pieter,Witte Klaus,Cowie Martin R,Delgado Victoria,Dickstein Kenneth,Linde Cecilia,Vernooy Kevin,Leyva Francisco,Bauersachs Johann,Israel Carsten W,Lund Lars H,Donal Erwan,Boriani Giuseppe,Jaarsma Tiny,Berruezo Antonio,Traykov Vassil,Yousef Zaheer,Kalarus Zbigniew,Cosedis Nielsen Jens,Steffel Jan,Vardas Panos,Coats Andrew,Seferovic Petar,Edvardsen Thor,Heidbuchel Hein,Ruschitzka Frank,Leclercq Christophe European journal of heart failure Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is one of the most effective therapies for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and leads to improved quality of life, reductions in heart failure hospitalization rates and all-cause mortality. Nevertheless, up to two-thirds of eligible patients are not referred for CRT. Furthermore, post-implantation follow-up is often fragmented and suboptimal, hampering the potential maximal treatment effect. This joint position statement from three European Society of Cardiology Associations, Heart Failure Association (HFA), European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) and European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI), focuses on optimized implementation of CRT. We offer theoretical and practical strategies to achieve more comprehensive CRT referral and post-procedural care by focusing on four actionable domains: (i) overcoming CRT under-utilization, (ii) better understanding of pre-implant characteristics, (iii) abandoning the term 'non-response' and replacing this by the concept of disease modification, and (iv) implementing a dedicated post-implant CRT care pathway. 10.1002/ejhf.2046
    Treatment patterns and clinical outcomes among patients <65 years with a worsening heart failure event. Butler Javed,Yang Mei,Sawhney Baanie,Chakladar Sreya,Yang Lingfeng,Djatche Laurence M European journal of heart failure AIMS:Data regarding patients with chronic heart failure (HF) and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) following a worsening HF event (WHFE) are largely driven by findings from elderly patients. Younger patients are not well studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate treatment patterns and clinical outcomes in commercially insured chronic HFrEF patients <65 years old during 1-year periods before and after a WHFE. METHODS AND RESULTS:A retrospective claims analysis was performed using the IBM® MarketScan® Commercial Database on HFrEF patients aged <65 years during the year before and after a WHFE, defined as HF hospitalization or outpatient intravenous diuretic use. Treatment patterns, rehospitalizations, health care resource utilization, and costs were assessed. A total of 4460 HFrEF patients with WHFE were included. Guideline-recommended HF therapy was initially underutilized, increased pre-WHFE, and peaked 0-3 months post-WHFE. The proportions of patients using dual and triple therapy were 31.5% and 9.8% pre-WHFE, 41.5% and 17.4% 0-3 months post-WHFE, and 34.6% and 13.9% 10-12 months post-WHFE, respectively. Within 30 and 90 days after a WHFE, 12% and 23% of patients had HF-related and 16% and 30% had all-cause rehospitalizations, respectively. HF-related and all-cause hospitalizations and outpatient visits peaked 0-3 months post-WHFE, whereas emergency department visits peaked 0-3 months pre-WHFE. CONCLUSIONS:Use of HF medications increased pre-WHFE but decreased post-WHFE, despite recurrent hospitalizations. These findings suggest that age and insurance status may not totally explain the suboptimal treatment of HFrEF patients before and after a WHFE. Reasons for these trends need further study. 10.1002/ejhf.2252