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    Nanostructured Coating for Biomaterial Lubrication through Biomacromolecular Recruitment. Wan Hongping,Zhao Xinghong,Lin Chengxiong,Kaper Hans Jan,Sharma Prashant Kumar ACS applied materials & interfaces Biomaterials employed in the articular joint cavity, such as polycarbonate urethane (PCU) for meniscus replacement, lack of lubrication ability, leading to pain and tissue degradation. We present a nanostructured adhesive coating based on dopamine-modified hyaluronan (HADN) and poly-lysine (PLL), which can reestablish boundary lubrication between the cartilage and biomaterial. Lubrication restoration takes place without the need of exogenous lubricious molecules but through a novel strategy of recruitment of native lubricious molecules present in the surrounding milieu. The biomimetic adhesive coating PLL-HADN (78 nm thickness) shows a high adhesive strength (0.51 MPa) to PCU and a high synovial fluid responsiveness. The quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring shows the formation of a thick and softer layer when these coatings are brought in contact with the synovial fluid. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and ConA-Alexa staining show clear signs of lubricious protein (PRG4) recruitment on the PLL-HADN surface. Effective recruitment of a lubricious protein by PLL-HADN caused it to dissipate only one-third of the frictional energy as compared to bare PCU when rubbed against the cartilage. Histology shows that this reduction makes the PLL-HADN highly chondroprotective, whereas PLL-HA coatings still show signs of cartilage wear. Shear forces in the range of 0.07-0.1 N were able to remove ∼80% of the PRG4 from the PCU-PLL-HA but only 27% from the PCU-PLL-HADN. Thus, in this study, we have shown that surface recruitment and strong adsorption of biomacromolecules from the surrounding milieu is an effective biomaterial lubrication strategy. This opens up new possibilities for lubrication system reconstruction for medical devices. 10.1021/acsami.0c04899
    Enhanced lubrication on tissue and biomaterial surfaces through peptide-mediated binding of hyaluronic acid. Singh Anirudha,Corvelli Michael,Unterman Shimon A,Wepasnick Kevin A,McDonnell Peter,Elisseeff Jennifer H Nature materials Lubrication is key for the efficient function of devices and tissues with moving surfaces, such as articulating joints, ocular surfaces and the lungs. Indeed, lubrication dysfunction leads to increased friction and degeneration of these systems. Here, we present a polymer-peptide surface coating platform to non-covalently bind hyaluronic acid (HA), a natural lubricant in the body. Tissue surfaces treated with the HA-binding system exhibited higher lubricity values, and in vivo were able to retain HA in the articular joint and to bind ocular tissue surfaces. Biomaterials-mediated strategies that locally bind and concentrate HA could provide physical and biological benefits when used to treat tissue-lubricating dysfunction and to coat medical devices. 10.1038/nmat4048
    Bioinspired Hyaluronic Acid/Phosphorylcholine Polymer with Enhanced Lubrication and Anti-Inflammation. Zheng Yiwei,Yang Jielai,Liang Jing,Xu Xiangyang,Cui Wenguo,Deng Lianfu,Zhang Hongyu Biomacromolecules Under pathological conditions, the joint is not well lubricated, which inevitably leads to osteoarthritis. Currently, in clinics injection of hyaluronic acid (HA) as an intra-articular viscosupplement is one of the main methods for alleviation of osteoarthritis. However, the viscosity of HA reduces dramatically under high shear rate due to the shear-thinning effect. Therefore, it is crucial to enhance the lubrication property of HA in order to treat osteoarthritis effectively. In this study, we successfully grafted 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC), which is a zwitterionic biomaterial with excellent hydration lubrication, onto the HA with two different molecular weights (HAMPC) to enhance lubrication. The lubrication test performed using an atomic force microscope showed that, compared with HA, the friction coefficient of HAMPC was greatly reduced under various conditions. The test demonstrated that HAMPC was biocompatible and could upregulate cartilage anabolic genes while simultaneously downregulating cartilage catabolic proteases and pain-related genes. Importantly, high molecular weight HAMPC exhibited improved the capability to regulate these genes compared with low molecular weight HAMPC. In conclusion, the high molecular weight HAMPC developed herein, with enhanced lubrication and anti-inflammation, may be a promising polymer for the treatment of osteoarthritis. 10.1021/acs.biomac.9b00964