共0篇 平均IF=NaN (-) 更多分析

    加载中

    logo
    Different Approaches for Catheter Ablation of Para-Hisian Accessory Pathways: Implications for Mapping and Ablation. Liang Ming,Wang Zulu,Liang Yanchun,Yang Guitang,Jin Zhiqing,Sun Mingyu,Han Yaling Circulation. Arrhythmia and electrophysiology BACKGROUND:Catheter ablation of para-Hisian accessory pathways (APs) can be challenging because of adjacent conduction tissue. Some different approaches for ablation, including the inferior vena cava approach (IVC-A), the noncoronary cusp approach (NCC-A), or the superior vena cava approach (SVC-A), have been reported. However, when should para-Hisian APs be mapped and ablated by the IVC-A, NCC-A, or SVC-A is not well established. METHODS AND RESULTS:This study included 55 consecutive patients (mean age, 53±11 years, 36 males) with para-Hisian APs. On the basis of the approach resulting in successful ablation, patients were divided into IVC-A, NCC-A, and SVC-A groups. The clinical characteristics, surface ECG, intracardiac electrogram findings, and response to ablation were analyzed. Para-Hisian APs were eliminated by IVC-A in 48 of the 55 (87%) patients. The rates of para-Hisian APs requiring NCC-A (4/55 patients, 7%) and SVC-A (3/55 patients, 6%) were relatively low. During mapping at the para-Hisian region, the local ventricular and atrial potentials were well fused during retrograde AP conduction in 45 of the 48 patients in IVC-A group, 0 of the 4 patients in NCC-A group, and 1 of the 3 patients in SVC-A group, respectively. There was no significant difference in the preexcitation characteristics among the 3 groups. CONCLUSION:Most para-Hisian APs can be safely and effectively ablated by IVC-A, and ablation in the NCC is not an initial or a preferred approach. The degree of local ventriculoatrial fusion in the para-Hisian region during retrograde AP conduction can differentiate or predict the successful ablation site. 10.1161/CIRCEP.116.004882
    Purkinje Fibers in Canine False Tendons: New Anatomical and Electrophysiological Findings. Cardiology research and practice INTRODUCTION:Purkinje system and false tendons (FTs) are related to ventricular arrhythmia, but the association between Purkinje fibers and FTs is not clear. This study investigated the associations of anatomical and electrophysiological characteristics between Purkinje fibers and FTs. METHODS AND RESULTS:We optimized the protocol of Lugol's iodine solution staining of Purkinje fibers to study the anatomical structure and originated a novel electrophysiological mapping method, named the direct visual mapping (DVM) method, to study the electrophysiological characteristics. By using the above-mentioned innovations in 12 dogs, we found the following. (1) There was no Purkinje fiber found 0.5 cm-1.0 cm below the valve annulus or on the leaflets or chordae tendineae of the mitral valve or adjacent to the top 1/3 of the papillary muscle. (2) Purkinje fibers existed in all FTs, including smaller and tiny FTs. (3) The Purkinje fibers contained in the FTs extended from the proximal to the distal end, and their electrophysiological characteristics were similar to the fibers on the endocardium, including anterograde, retrograde, and decremental conduction and automaticity. CONCLUSIONS:Purkinje fibers are commonly found in FTs. The electrophysiological characteristics of the Purkinje fibers contained in FTs are similar to the fibers on the endocardium. FTs might have an anatomical and electrophysiological basis for ventricular arrhythmia. 10.1155/2020/8156928