Hypoglycemic Effect of Acidic Polysaccharide from Schisandra chinensis on T2D Rats Induced by High-Fat Diet Combined with STZ.
Du Xing-Xu,Tao Xue,Liang Shuang,Che Jin-Ying,Yang Shuo,Li He,Chen Jian-Guang,Wang Chun-Mei
Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin
Polysaccharide is a key bioactive component of Schisandra chinensis and has significant pharmacological activities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-diabetic effect of acidic polysaccharide from Schisandra chinensis (SCAP). Type 2 diabetic (T2D) rats were developed by giving a high-fat diet (HFD) combined with low-dose streptozotocin (STZ), and administered orally with SCAP (25, 50 mg/kg) for 8 weeks. Fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting insulin (FINS), triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), malondialdehyde (MDA), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the rat's serum were measured. Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and pathological changes of pancreas were observed. Furthermore, expressions of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), B-cell lymphoma 2-associated X protein (BAX), B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), and Cleaved Caspase-3 in pancreatic islet were detected. The results showed that SCAP decreased FBG, TG, TC, LDL-C and MDA levels, increased insulin, HDL-C levels and SOD activity, improved the pathological changes in pancreatic islet. Furthermore, SCAP inhibited the up-regulation of phosphorylated JNK, BAX and Cleaved Caspase-3 proteins, and increased Bcl-2 protein expression. These data indicate that SCAP has a therapeutic effect in T2D rats, and the mechanism may be related to its protection against β-cells apoptosis by regulating apoptosis-related proteins expression to alleviate the injury caused by the oxidative stress.