Aspartic acid supplementation ameliorates symptoms of diabetic kidney disease in mice.
Ichikawa Saki,Gohda Tomohito,Murakoshi Maki,Li Zi,Adachi Eri,Koshida Takeo,Suzuki Yusuke
FEBS open bio
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is among the most common and serious complications of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. In this study, we used KK/Ta-Ins2 (KK-Akita) mice as a model of DKD and KK/Ta (KK) mice as controls to identify novel factors related to the development/progression of DKD. Capillary electrophoresis coupled with mass spectrometry analysis revealed that circulating Asp (l-aspartic acid) levels in diabetic KK-Akita mice tend to be lower than those in control KK mice. Therefore, we evaluated the effect of Asp supplementation to prevent the progression of DKD in KK-Akita mice. Mice were divided into three groups: (a) untreated KK mice (Control group), (b) untreated KK-Akita mice (DKD group), and (c) treated (double-volume Asp diet) KK-Akita mice (Tx group). Kidney sections were stained with fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled lectins, wheat germ agglutinin (WGA), and anti-endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) antibody for evaluation of endothelial surface layer (ESL) and NO synthesis. The mesangial area and glomerular size in the DKD group were significantly larger than those in the Control group; however, there was no significant difference in those between the DKD and Tx groups. Albuminuria, the ratio of foot process effacement, and thickness of glomerular basement membrane in the Tx group were significantly lower than those in the DKD group. Furthermore, the expression levels of glomerular WGA and microvascular eNOS in the Tx group improved significantly and approached the level in the Control group. In conclusion, the improvement of albuminuria in the Tx group may be caused by the reduction of oxidative stress in the kidneys, which may lead to the subsequent improvement of glomerular ESL.