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    To Summarize and Analyze the Epidemiological Characteristics and Prognostic Risk Factors of Patients with Pelvic Fracture Complicated with Perineal Injury. Journal of healthcare engineering This study is aimed at summarizing and analyzing the epidemiological characteristics and prognostic risk factors of patients with a pelvic fracture with perineal injury. The clinical data of 153 patients with pelvic fracture with perineal injury treated in our hospital from January 2012 to June 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. The data of sex, age, injury mechanism, pelvic fracture type, shock index (SI), perineal wound depth, concomitant injury, total hospital stay, and death were collected by the electronic medical record system. Among the 153 patients, there were 94 males and 59 females, with an average age of (43.2 ± 16.8) years. The cases were mainly concentrated into two age groups: 20-29 years old and 50-59 years old. In a year, pelvic fractures were mainly concentrated in 1-2 months and 11-12 months. In terms of injury time, there were mainly two periods of time in a day: 10 : 00~12 : 00 and 15 : 00~18 : 00. The MOTS-RTS scores of the patients in the undead group and the dead group were (7.12 ± 1.52), (2.69 ± 0.96), ISS scores were (27.36 ± 15.84), (61.32 ± 7.08), GCS scores were (12.84 ± 3.69), (4.13 ± 1.25), APACH II scores were (12.87 ± 8.84), (32.41 ± 6.98), and SOFA scores were (6.68 ± 5.87), (17.12 ± 3.12). The MOTS-RTS and GCS scores of the nondeath group were significantly higher, while the ISS score, APACH II score, SOFA score, and shock index were significantly lower. The overall mortality rate of 153 patients was 13.7%. The average area of perineal trauma in undead and dead patients was (54.5 ± 113.52) cm and (262.63 ± 300.84) cm, respectively. The average depth of perineal trauma was (9.63 ± 7.22) cm and (16.23 ± 10.13) cm, respectively. The larger the area of perineal injury and the deeper the depth of perineal trauma, the worse their prognosis. Cox multivariate analysis showed that complications, MOTS-RTS score, ISS score, GCS score, perineal trauma area, and perineal trauma depth were independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients with pelvic fracture with perineal injury. Most of the patients with pelvic fracture complicated with perineal injury are 20-29 years old and 50-59 years old. The more serious the perineal injury is, the higher the mortality is. The main causes of death are refractory hemorrhagic shock and infection. 10.1155/2022/4831330
    Design and evaluation of an intelligent reduction robot system for the minimally invasive reduction in pelvic fractures. Zhao Chunpeng,Wang Yu,Wu Xinbao,Zhu Gang,Shi Shuchang Journal of orthopaedic surgery and research INTRODUCTION:Pelvic fracture is a severe high-energy injury with the highest disability and mortality of all fractures. Traditional open surgery is associated with extensive soft tissue damages and many complications. Minimally invasive surgery potentially mitigates the risks of open surgical procedures and is becoming a new standard for pelvic fracture treatment. The accurate reduction has been recognized as the cornerstone of minimally invasive surgery for pelvic fracture. At present, the closed reduction in pelvic fractures is limited by the current sub-optimal 2D intra-operative imaging (fluoroscopy) and by the high forces of soft tissue involved in the fragment manipulation, which might result in fracture malreduction. To overcome these shortcomings and facilitate pelvic fracture reduction, we developed an intelligent robot-assisted fracture reduction (RAFR) system for pelvic fracture. METHODS:The presented method is divided into three parts. The first part is the preparation of 20 pelvic fracture models. In the second part, we offer an automatic reduction algorithm of our robotic reduction system, including Intraoperative real-time 3D navigation, reduction path planning, control and fixation, and robotic-assisted fracture reduction. In the third part, image registration accuracy and fracture reduction accuracy were calculated and analyzed. RESULTS:All 20 pelvic fracture bone models were reduced by the RAFR system; the mean registration error E1 of the 20 models was 1.29 ± 0.57 mm. The mean reduction error E2 of the 20 models was 2.72 ± 0.82 mm. The global error analysis of registration and reduction results showed that higher errors are mainly located at the edge of the pelvis, such as the iliac wing. CONCLUSION:The accuracy of image registration error and fracture reduction error in our study was excellent, which could reach the requirements of the clinical environment. Our study demonstrated the precision and effectiveness of our RAFR system and its applicability and usability in clinical practice, thus paving the way toward robot minimally invasive pelvic fracture surgeries. 10.1186/s13018-022-03089-2
    Pain management in emergency department older adults with pelvic fracture: still insufficient. CJEM 10.1007/s43678-022-00299-9
    Computer-aided automatic planning and biomechanical analysis of a novel arc screw for pelvic fracture internal fixation. Computer methods and programs in biomedicine BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:The sacroiliac joint screw is a common fixation method for pelvic posterior ring fractures. The complex anatomical structure around the pelvis makes it impossible to find a suitable fixed path, which increases the difficulty of surgical operation. In this paper, we propose an automatic planning algorithm based on a computer-aided internal arc fixation channel for pelvic fractures for the first time. METHODS:A channel generation algorithm based on seed derived points was designed, and the optimal channel was selected by scoring rules based on 3D erode algorithm for the generated channel. The biomechanical properties of the internal arc fixation screw and traditional internal straight fixation screw in three postures were compared using biomechanical finite element analysis. RESULTS:The proposed algorithm verified the existence of a more adaptable internal arc fixation channel and can quantitatively plan a relatively optimal constant-curvature internal arc fixation channel in pelvises of ten adults. Significantly high stresses concentrated around the interaction region between the screws and bone may increase the risk of bone fractures and screw loosening in the long term. The experimental results show that the internal arc fixation screw has better strain and deformation performance than the internal straight fixation screw. CONCLUSIONS:A novel arc internal fixation method for pelvic fractures was proposed to improve the safety and stability of screw fixation of pelvic fracture. The nonparametric test proved that the sacroiliac dislocation model repaired by internal arc fixation screw was significantly different from that repaired by internal straight fixation screw. The computer-aided automatic planning algorithm provides the possibility of robot-assisted pelvic fracture fixation. 10.1016/j.cmpb.2022.106810