Plin5, a New Target in Diabetic Cardiomyopathy.
Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity
Abnormal lipid accumulation is commonly observed in diabetic cardiomyopathy (DC), which can create a lipotoxic microenvironment and damage cardiomyocytes. Lipid toxicity is an important pathogenic factor due to abnormal lipid accumulation in DC. As a lipid droplet (LD) decomposition barrier, Plin5 can protect LDs from lipase decomposition and regulate lipid metabolism, which is involved in the occurrence and development of cardiovascular diseases. In recent years, studies have shown that Plin5 expression is involved in the pathogenesis of DC lipid toxicity, such as oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, and insulin resistance (IR) and has become a key target of DC research. Therefore, understanding the relationship between Plin5 and DC progression as well as the mechanism of this process is crucial for developing new therapeutic approaches and exploring new therapeutic targets. This review is aimed at exploring the latest findings and roles of Plin5 in lipid metabolism and DC-related pathogenesis, to explore possible clinical intervention approaches.
Unraveling the roles of PLIN5: linking cell biology to physiology.
Mason Rachael R,Watt Matthew J
Trends in endocrinology and metabolism: TEM
The discovery of perilipin (PLIN) 1 provided a major conceptual shift in the understanding of adipose tissue lipolysis and generated intense interest in lipid droplet biology research. The subsequent discovery of other PLIN proteins revealed unique tissue distribution profiles, subcellular locations, and lipid-binding properties and divergent cellular functions. PLIN5 is highly expressed in oxidative tissues such as skeletal muscle, liver, and heart and is central to lipid homeostasis in these tissues. Studies in cell systems have ascribed several metabolic roles to PLIN5 and demonstrated interactions with other proteins that are requisite for these functions. We examine recent in vivo studies and ask whether the evidence from the cell biology approaches is consistent with the physiological roles of PLIN5.