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    Stem cell dynamics, migration and plasticity during wound healing. Nature cell biology Tissue repair is critical for animal survival. The skin epidermis is particularly exposed to injuries, which necessitates rapid repair. The coordinated action of distinct epidermal stem cells recruited from various skin regions together with other cell types, including fibroblasts and immune cells, is required to ensure efficient and harmonious wound healing. A complex crosstalk ensures the activation, migration and plasticity of these cells during tissue repair. 10.1038/s41556-018-0237-6
    Mesenchymal stem cells promote healing of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug-related peptic ulcer through paracrine actions in pigs. Xia Xianfeng,Chan Kai Fung,Wong Gerald Tsz Yau,Wang Peng,Liu Liu,Yeung Baldwin Po Man,Ng Enders Kwok Wai,Lau James Yun Wong,Chiu Philip Wai Yan Science translational medicine Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among the most important causes of peptic ulcer disease in high-income countries. Proton pump inhibitors are the current standard treatment; however, safety and long-term adverse effects of using these drugs are attracting more and more concerns in recent years. Using a porcine model of NSAID-related gastric ulcer, we herein show that adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) delivered by endoscopic submucosal injection promoted ulcer healing with less inflammatory infiltration and enhanced reepithelization and neovascularization at day 7 and day 21 when compared with the controls (saline injection). However, only few engrafted ADMSCs showed myofibroblast and epithelial cell phenotype in vivo, suggesting the ulcer healing process might be much less dependent on the stem cell transdifferentiation. Further experiment with submucosal injection of MSC-derived secretome revealed a therapeutic efficacy comparable to that of stem cell transplantation. Profiling analysis showed up-regulation of genes associated with inflammation, granulation formation, and extracellular matrix remodeling at day 7 after injection of MSC-derived secretome. In addition, the extracellular signal-regulated kinase/mitogen-activated protein kinase and the phosphoinositide-3-kinase/protein kinase B pathways were activated after injection of ADMSCs or MSC-derived secretome. Both signaling pathways were involved in mediating the major events critical to gastric ulcer healing, including cell survival, migration, and angiogenesis. Our data suggest that endoscopic submucosal injection of ADMSCs serves as a promising approach to promote healing of NSAID-related peptic ulcer, and the paracrine effectors released from stem cells play a crucial role in this process. 10.1126/scitranslmed.aat7455
    Stem cell-driven lymphatic remodeling coordinates tissue regeneration. Gur-Cohen Shiri,Yang Hanseul,Baksh Sanjeethan C,Miao Yuxuan,Levorse John,Kataru Raghu P,Liu Xiaolei,de la Cruz-Racelis June,Mehrara Babak J,Fuchs Elaine Science (New York, N.Y.) Tissues rely on stem cells (SCs) for homeostasis and wound repair. SCs reside in specialized microenvironments (niches) whose complexities and roles in orchestrating tissue growth are still unfolding. Here, we identify lymphatic capillaries as critical SC-niche components. In skin, lymphatics form intimate networks around hair follicle (HF) SCs. When HFs regenerate, lymphatic-SC connections become dynamic. Using a mouse model, we unravel a secretome switch in SCs that controls lymphatic behavior. Resting SCs express angiopoietin-like protein 7 (), promoting lymphatic drainage. Activated SCs switch to , triggering transient lymphatic dissociation and reduced drainage. When lymphatics are perturbed or the secretome switch is disrupted, HFs cycle precociously and tissue regeneration becomes asynchronous. In unearthing lymphatic capillaries as a critical SC-niche element, we have learned how SCs coordinate their activity across a tissue. 10.1126/science.aay4509