Piezo1 activation induces fibronectin reduction and PGF2α secretion via arachidonic acid cascade.
Experimental eye research
Glaucoma is a neurodegenerative disease that leads to blindness, and lowering intraocular pressure (IOP) is very important in glaucoma treatment. The trabecular meshwork is responsible for aqueous humor outflow, and the accumulation of fibronectin in trabecular meshwork is known to cause ocular hypertension. We have already shown that Piezo1 activation has an IOP lowering effect in mice and suppresses fibronectin expression level in human trabecular meshwork cells (HTMC). In this study, we report the mechanism of the reduction of fibronectin caused by Piezo1 activation. Activation of Piezo1 in HTMC showed increased expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, and decreased fibronectin expression. In addition, Piezo1 activation enhanced phosphorylation of cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2), and inhibitors targeting cPLA2 and COX-2 suppressed Yoda 1, a Piezo1 agonist, induced fibronectin reduction. These results indicate that the arachidonic acid cascade underlies this reaction, and, in support of this hypothesis, activation of Piezo1 promoted secretion of prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) in HTMC. These results indicate that the activation of Piezo1 in HTMC promotes the degrading of fibronectin by promoting the arachidonic acid cascade and increasing the expression of PGF2α and MMP-2.