共0篇 平均IF=NaN (-) 更多分析

    加载中

    logo
    Triglyceride-Glucose Index and the Risk of Stroke: A Systematic Review and Dose-Response Meta-Analysis. Feng Xiao,Yao Yao,Wu Lingshan,Cheng Chang,Tang Qiaoqiao,Xu Shabei Hormone and metabolic research = Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones et metabolisme Insulin resistance (IR) is an independent risk factor of cardiovascular disease. Recent research has proposed a new inexpensive and reliable indicator of IR: triglyceride glucose index (TyG index). We aim to evaluate the dose-response association between the TyG index and stroke through meta-analysis. Literature published from inception until October 2021 were searched in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library and Web of science. Cohort studies published in English and focusing on the association between the TyG index and stroke were included in our meta-analysis. I statistic and Chi-square were used to assess the heterogeneity. When I≥30% or p≤0.10, the random-effect model was used to pool the effect; otherwise, we chose the fixed-effect model. Eleven cohort studies, including 5 721 077 subjects and 95 490 stroke patients, were included in our study. After pooling the effect adjusted by multiple confounders, we found that compared with the lowest baseline TyG index group, the highest one was independently associated with increased stroke risk (RR: 1.27; 95% CI, 1.24 to 1.29; I=6%). Dose-response meta-analysis showed that the association between the two variables had a non-linear trend (p-nonlinearity<0.0001; p-heterogeneity=0.28). Subgroup analysis showed that the risk of ischemic stroke was positively correlated with TyG index (RR: 1.48; 95% CI, 1.34 to 1.62; I=15%), while we did not observe this correlation in hemorrhagic stroke patients. In patients with type 2 diabetes and acute coronary syndrome, the TyG index was linearly correlated with incident strokes. In conclusion, elevated TyG index is the independent risk factor for incident strokes (especially ischemic stroke). 10.1055/a-1766-0202
    Triglyceride-glucose index and the incidence of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases: a meta-analysis of cohort studies. Ding Xiaobo,Wang Xiaozhen,Wu Jing,Zhang Manli,Cui Meizi Cardiovascular diabetology BACKGROUND:Insulin resistance has been demonstrated to be involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVDs). This study evaluated the association between the triglyceride-glucose (TyG) index, a novel surrogate indicator of insulin resistance, and the incidence of ASCVDs in people without ASCVDs at baseline by performing a meta-analysis. METHODS:Cohort studies reporting the multivariate-adjusted association between the TyG index and the incidence of ASCVDs were obtained by searching the PubMed and Embase databases. A random-effects model incorporating intra-study heterogeneity was applied to combine the results. RESULTS:Eight cohort studies comprising 5,731,294 participants were included in this meta-analysis. The results showed that compared to those with the lowest TyG index category, participants with the highest TyG index category were independently associated with a higher risk of ASCVDs [hazard ratio (HR): 1.61, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.29-2.01, I = 80%, P < 0.001]. This finding was consistent with the meta-analysis results with the TyG index analyzed as a continuous variable (HR per 1-unit increment of the TyG index: 1.39, 95% CI 1.18-1.64, I = 89%, P < 0.001). Subgroup analyses suggested that the age, sex, and diabetic status did not significantly affect the association (for subgroup analyses, all P > 0.05). Moreover, participants with the highest TyG index category were independently associated with a higher risk of coronary artery disease [(CAD), HR: 1.95, 95% CI 1.47-2.58, I = 92%, P < 0.001] and stroke (HR: 1.26, 95% CI 1.23-1.29, I = 0%, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS:A higher TyG index may be independently associated with a higher incidence of ASCVDs, CAD, and stroke in people without ASCVDs at baseline. 10.1186/s12933-021-01268-9
    High triglyceride-glucose index is associated with poor prognosis in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction after percutaneous coronary intervention. Luo Erfei,Wang Dong,Yan Gaoliang,Qiao Yong,Liu Bo,Hou Jiantong,Tang Chengchun Cardiovascular diabetology BACKGROUND:Insulin resistance (IR) is considered a pivotal risk factor for cardiometabolic diseases, and the triglyceride-glucose index (TyG index) has emerged as a reliable surrogate marker of IR. Although several recent studies have shown the association of the TyG index with vascular disease, no studies have further investigated the role of the TyG index in acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The objective of the present study was to evaluate the potential role of the TyG index as a predictor of prognosis in STEMI patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS:The study included 1092 STEMI patients who underwent PCI. The patients were divided into 4 quartiles according to TyG index levels. Clinical characteristics, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), triglycerides (TGs), other biochemical parameters, and the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebral events (MACCEs) during the follow-up period were recorded. The TyG index was calculated using the following formula: ln[fasting TGs (mg/dL) × FPG (mg/dL)/2]. RESULTS:The incidence of MACCEs and all-cause mortality within 30 days, 6 months and 1 year after PCI were higher among STEMI patients with TyG index levels in the highest quartile. The TyG index was significantly associated with an increased risk of MACCEs in STEMI patients within 1 year after PCI, independent of confounding factors, with a value of 1.529 (95% CI 1.001-2.061; P = 0.003) for those in the highest quartile. The area under the curve (AUC) of the TyG index predicting the occurrence of MACCEs in STEMI patients after PCI was 0.685 (95% CI 0.610-0.761; P = 0.001). The results also revealed that Killip class > 1, anaemia, albumin, uric acid, number of stents and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were independent predictors of MACCEs in STEMI patients after PCI (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS:This study indicated an association between higher TyG index levels and increased risk of MACCEs in STEMI patients for the first time, and the TyG index might be a valid predictor of clinical outcomes in STEMI patients undergoing PCI. Trial Registration ChiCTR1900024577. 10.1186/s12933-019-0957-3
    Triglyceride-glucose index predicts adverse cardiovascular events in patients with diabetes and acute coronary syndrome. Wang Le,Cong Hong-Liang,Zhang Jing-Xia,Hu Yue-Cheng,Wei Ao,Zhang Ying-Yi,Yang Hua,Ren Li-Bin,Qi Wei,Li Wen-Yu,Zhang Rui,Xu Jing-Han Cardiovascular diabetology BACKGROUND:The triglyceride-glucose index (TyG index) has been regarded as a reliable alternative marker of insulin resistance and an independent predictor of cardiovascular outcomes. Whether the TyG index predicts adverse cardiovascular events in patients with diabetes and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of the TyG index in patients with diabetes and ACS. METHODS:A total of 2531 consecutive patients with diabetes who underwent coronary angiography for ACS were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into tertiles according to their TyG index. The primary outcomes included the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs), defined as all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction and non-fatal stroke. The TyG index was calculated as the ln (fasting triglyceride level [mg/dL] × fasting glucose level [mg/dL]/2). RESULTS:The incidence of MACE increased with TyG index tertiles at a 3-year follow-up. The Kaplan-Meier curves showed significant differences in event-free survival rates among TyG index tertiles (P = 0.005). Multivariate Cox hazards regression analysis revealed that the TyG index was an independent predictor of MACE (95% CI 1.201-1.746; P < 0.001). The optimal TyG index cut-off for predicting MACE was 9.323 (sensitivity 46.0%; specificity 63.6%; area under the curve 0.560; P = 0.001). Furthermore, adding the TyG index to the prognostic model for MACE improved the C-statistic value (P = 0.010), the integrated discrimination improvement value (P = 0.001) and the net reclassification improvement value (P = 0.019). CONCLUSIONS:The TyG index predicts future MACE in patients with diabetes and ACS independently of known cardiovascular risk factors, suggesting that the TyG index may be a useful marker for risk stratification and prognosis in patients with diabetes and ACS. 10.1186/s12933-020-01054-z
    Triglyceride glucose index for predicting cardiovascular outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and acute coronary syndrome. Ma Xiaoteng,Dong Lisha,Shao Qiaoyu,Cheng Yujing,Lv Sai,Sun Yan,Shen Hua,Wang Zhijian,Zhou Yujie,Liu Xiaoli Cardiovascular diabetology BACKGROUND:The triglyceride glucose (TyG) index, a simple surrogate estimate of insulin resistance, has been demonstrated to predict cardiovascular (CV) disease morbidity and mortality in the general population and many patient cohorts. However, to our knowledge, the prognostic usefulness of the TyG index after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) has not been determined. This study aimed to evaluate the association of the TyG index with adverse CV outcomes in patients with T2DM and ACS who underwent PCI. METHODS:The TyG index was calculated using the formula ln[fasting triglycerides (mg/dL) × fasting glucose (mg/dL)/2]. The primary endpoint was the composite of all-cause mortality, non-fatal stroke, non-fatal myocardial infarction, or unplanned repeat revascularization. The association between the TyG index and adverse CV outcomes was assessed by Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. RESULTS:In total, 776 patients with T2DM and ACS who underwent PCI (mean age, 61 ± 10 years; men, 72.2%) were included in the final analysis. Over a median follow-up of 30 months, 188 patients (24.2%) had at least 1 primary endpoint event. The follow-up incidence of the primary endpoint rose with increasing TyG index tertiles. The multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis adjusted for multiple confounders revealed a hazard ratio for the primary endpoint of 2.17 (95% CI 1.45-3.24; P for trend = 0.001) when the highest and lowest TyG index tertiles were compared. CONCLUSIONS:The TyG index was significantly and positively associated with adverse CV outcomes, suggesting that the TyG index may be a valuable predictor of adverse CV outcomes after PCI in patients with T2DM and ACS. 10.1186/s12933-020-01006-7
    Impacts of triglyceride-glucose index on prognosis of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome: results from an observational cohort study in China. Zhao Qi,Zhang Ting-Yu,Cheng Yu-Jing,Ma Yue,Xu Ying-Kai,Yang Jia-Qi,Zhou Yu-Jie Cardiovascular diabetology BACKGROUND:The relationship between triglyceride-glucose index (TyG index) and the prevalence and prognosis of cardiovascular disease has been confirmed by former studies. However, it remains uncertain whether TyG index has a prognostic impact in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS:The study retrospectively enrolled 798 patients (mean age: 60.9 ± 8.3 years; 68.3% men) with T2DM and NSTE-ACS who underwent PCI at Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January to December 2015. TyG index was calculated as previously reported: ln [fasting TGs (mg/dL) * FBG (mg/dL)/2]. The primary endpoint was a composite of adverse events as follows: all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI) and ischemia-driven revascularization. RESULTS:TyG index was significantly higher in patients with a primary endpoint event compared with those without. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis showed that 1-unit increase of TyG index was independently associated with higher risk of primary endpoint, independent of other risk factors [hazard ratio (HR) 3.208 per 1-unit increase, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.400-4.289, P < 0.001]. The addition of TyG index to a baseline risk model had an incremental effect on the predictive value for adverse prognosis [AUC: baseline risk model, 0.800 vs. baseline risk model + TyG index, 0.856, P for comparison < 0.001; category-free net reclassification improvement (NRI) 0.346, P < 0.001; integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) 0.087, P < 0.001]. CONCLUSIONS:Increased TyG index is a significant predictor of adverse prognosis in patients with T2DM and NSTE-ACS undergoing PCI. Further studies need to be performed to determine whether interventions for TyG index have a positive impact on improving clinical prognosis. 10.1186/s12933-020-01086-5
    Impact of triglyceride-glucose index on long-term cardiovascular outcomes in patients with myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries. Gao Side,Ma Wenjian,Huang Sizhuang,Lin Xuze,Yu Mengyue Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Triglyceride-glucose (TyG) index has been reported as a novel surrogate marker of insulin resistance and a risk factor in patients with coronary artery disease. We aimed to investigate the prognostic value of TyG index in a distinct entity with myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA). METHODS AND RESULTS:A total of 1179 MINOCA patients were recruited and divided according to tertile levels of TyG index. The primary endpoint was a composite of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), including all-cause death, reinfarction, stroke, revascularization and hospitalization for unstable angina or heart failure. Kaplan-Meier, Cox regression and receiver-operating characteristic analyses were performed. Patients with higher tertiles of TyG index had a significantly higher incidence of MACE (9.6%, 14.9%, 18.0%; p = 0.003) over the median follow-up of 41.7 months. After multivariate adjustment, elevated TyG index was significantly associated with an increased risk of MACE (HR 1.33, 95% CI: 1.04-1.69, p = 0.020). The adjusted risk of MACE also increased with rising tertiles of TyG index (tertile 1 as reference; tertile 2: HR 1.64, 95% CI: 1.06-2.53, p = 0.025; tertile 3: HR 1.85, 95% CI: 1.17-2.93, p = 0.008). The TyG index remained a robust risk factor in overall and subgroups of MINOCA patients (all p < 0.05). Moreover, the TyG index yielded a moderate predictive value of MACE (area under the curve 0.66, 95% CI:0.61-0.71, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION:Elevated TyG index was independently associated with a poor prognosis after MINOCA. Routine assessment of TyG index may improve risk stratification and facilitate decision making in MINOCA patients. 10.1016/j.numecd.2021.07.027
    The association between triglyceride-glucose index and major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with acute coronary syndrome - dose-response meta-analysis. Akbar Mohammad R,Pranata Raymond,Wibowo Arief,Irvan ,Sihite Teddy A,Martha Januar W Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Triglyceride-Glucose (TyG) index is an accurate biomarker of insulin resistance, which is potentially associated with adverse cardiovascular events. We aimed to assess the dose-response relationship between Triglyceride-Glucose (TyG) Index and Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events (MACE) in patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). METHODS AND RESULTS:A systematic literature search was performed using PubMed, Scopus, and Embase for records published from the inception up until 7 February 2021. Studies that fulfilled all of these criteria were included: 1) prospective or retrospective observational studies reporting patients with ACS and 2) assessing the impact of TyG index on MACE with at least three quantitative classifications. The outcome of interest is MACE across the TyG index intervals. MACE was a composite of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris, target vessel revascularization, cerebrovascular accidents, and heart failure. The effect estimates were reported as relative risks (RRs). There are 13,684 subjects from 4 studies included in this meta-analysis. This meta-analysis showed that the highest category of TyG index was associated with twofold MACE (RR 2.09 [1.59, 2.76], p < 0.001; I: 68.4%, p = 0.02) compared to the lowest category in patients with ACS. Dose-response meta-analysis showed that the relationship between TyG index and MACE was non-linear (p < 0.001), with statistical significance reached around TyG index 8.9 and increased non-linearly. The dose-response curve became significantly steeper after TyG index of 9.1-9.2. CONCLUSION:TyG index was associated with MACE in patients with ACS in a non-linear fashion. PROSPERO:CRD42021235765. 10.1016/j.numecd.2021.08.026