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    Responses of human gut microbiota abundance and amino acid metabolism to berberine. Food & function The intestine is a potential location for berberine (BBR) to exert its therapeutic effects, but the understanding of the influences of BBR on the gut microbiota is limited. Through fermentation of human intestinal microbiota, we investigated the effects of BBR on microbiota composition and metabolism. The result indicated that BBR reduced the production of acetic acid and propionic acid and had no effect on the content of butyric acid. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene-based community revealed that BBR increased the abundance of and decreased the abundance of , and . Through metabolomics analysis, BBR treatment regulated various amino acid metabolism pathways of intestinal microbiota, especially tyrosine, serine and L-glutamate. Our study presented direct impacts of BBR on the intestinal microbiota, which provided the probable targets of the therapies by BBR and supported further exploration of the underlying mechanisms. 10.1039/d1fo04003k
    Research on the mechanism of berberine in the treatment of COVID-19 pneumonia pulmonary fibrosis using network pharmacology and molecular docking. Phytomedicine Plus : International journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology Pulmonary fibrosis caused by COVID-19 pneumonia is a serious complication of COVID-19 infection, there is a lack of effective treatment methods clinically. This article explored the mechanism of action of berberine in the treatment of COVID-19 (Corona Virus Disease 2019, COVID-19) pneumonia pulmonary fibrosis with the help of the network pharmacology and molecular docking. We predicted the role of berberine protein targets with the Pharmmapper database and the 3D structure of berberine in the Pubchem database. And GeneCards database was used in order to search disease target genes and screen common target genes. Then we used STRING web to construct PPI interaction network of common target protein. The common target genes were analyzed by GO and KEGG by DAVID database. The disease-core target gene-drug network was established and molecular docking was used for prediction. We also analyzed the binding free energy and simulates molecular dynamics of complexes. Berberine had 250 gene targets, COVID-19 pneumonia pulmonary fibrosis had 191 gene targets, the intersection of which was 23 in common gene targets. Molecular docking showed that berberine was associated with CCl2, IL-6, STAT3 and TNF-α. GO and KEGG analysis reveals that berberine mainly plays a vital role by the signaling pathways of influenza, inflammation and immune response. Berberine acts on TNF-α, STAT3, IL-6, CCL2 and other targets to inhibit inflammation and the activation of fibrocytes to achieve the purpose of treating COVID-19 pneumonia pulmonary fibrosis. 10.1016/j.phyplu.2022.100252
    [Research progress in mechanism of berberine's antitumor action]. Yang Xian-Hao,Zhang Li-Jin,Luo Meng-Jun,Luo Shuai,Gong Yu-Yuan,Chen Tao Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica Malignant tumor, an important factor threatening human life and health, brings huge economic burden to patients. At present, chemoradiotherapy is still the main treatment method for tumor diseases, but there are also great side effects when it plays a therapeutic role. Traditional Chinese medicine in the prevention and treatment of tumor diseases has many advantages such as few side effects, improving the physiological state of patients, and slowing down the side effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Berberine is an effective component of rhizoma coptidis, with a very good antitumor effect. It can inhibit tumor cell proliferation, promote tumor cell apoptosis, inhibit tumor metastasis and angiogenesis, regulate tumor autophagy, reverse multi-drug resistance of tumor, regulate the body immunity, and affect tumor metabolic reprogramming to play its role. Compared with chemical preparations, berberine has a wide range of sources, with high safety and easy access, and has great potential in the prevention and treatment of malignant tumors. In this article, we would mainly review the research progress on the antitumor mechanism of berberine in recent years. 10.19540/j.cnki.cjcmm.20210209.601
    Proteomic investigation into the action mechanism of berberine against Streptococcus pyogenes. Du Gao-Fei,Le Yao-Jin,Sun Xuesong,Yang Xiao-Yan,He Qing-Yu Journal of proteomics Berberine is an isoquinoline alkaloid found in many plants. Although berberine is known to possess the antibacterial activity against Streptococcus pyogenes, the mechanism underlying it is not fully understood. In the current study, to investigate the molecular mechanism how berberine exerts its antibacterial effects, quantitative proteomics was conducted to investigate differential expressed proteins in S. pyogenes in response to berberine treatment. KEGG pathways analysis revealed that berberine regulated proteins were mainly involved in carbohydrate metabolism, fatty acid biosynthesis, pyrimidine metabolism, RNA degradation, ribosome, purine metabolism, DNA replication and repair and oxidative phosphorylation pathways. Moreover, we found that berberine induced the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), whereas inhibition of ROS generation with antioxidant N-acetyl L-cysteine could block the berberine induced antibacterial effects. Collectively, we demonstrated that berberine exerts its antibacterial effects by perturbing carbohydrate metabolism, which therefore generate ROS to damage the DNA, protein and lipids biosynthesis, ultimately trigger cell lethality. These findings provide novel insights into the mechanism of berberine as an antimicrobial drug to control diseases caused by S. pyogenes. SIGNIFICANCE: Streptococcus pyogenes is the major cause of invasive bacterial disease in human, which leads to hundreds of million cases annually and over 500,000 deaths due to severe infections. Berberine is an isoquinoline alkaloid from medicinal plants, which possesses a variety of pharmacological effects including antibacterial. In this work, proteomic analysis revealed that berberine affected carbohydrate metabolism, DNA, protein and fatty acid biosynthesis and oxidative phosphorylation pathways in S. pyogenes. And further experimental results showed that berberine exerts its antibacterial effects against Streptococcus pyogenes by stimulated the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). These data provide novel insights into the effect of berberine on oxidative stress as an antimicrobial drug. 10.1016/j.jprot.2020.103666
    Berberine as a therapy for type 2 diabetes and its complications: From mechanism of action to clinical studies. Chang Wenguang,Chen Li,Hatch Grant M Biochemistry and cell biology = Biochimie et biologie cellulaire The incidence of type 2 diabetes is increasing rapidly worldwide, and the development of novel anti-diabetic drugs is emerging. However, most anti-diabetic drugs cannot be used in patients with hepatic dysfunction, renal disease, and heart disease, which makes pharmacological therapy of type 2 diabetes complicated. Despite continued introduction of novel agents, the search for an ideal drug that is useful as both a hypoglycemic agent and to reduce diabetes-related complications remains elusive. Berberine is an isoquinoline alkaloid extract that has shown promise as a hypoglycemic agent in the management of diabetes in animal and human studies. Mechanistic studies have revealed beneficial effects of berberine on diabetes-related complications. Although there have been few clinical reports of the anti-diabetic effects of berberine, little documentation of adverse effects in humans positions it as a potential candidate drug to treat type 2 diabetes. In the present review, the anti-diabetic mechanism of berberine, its effect on diabetes-related complications, and its recent use in human clinical studies is highlighted. In addition, we summarize the different treatments for type 2 diabetes in adults and children. 10.1139/bcb-2014-0107