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    Study on Risk Factors of Diabetic Nephropathy in Obese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. International journal of general medicine PURPOSE:The purpose of this study was to identify diabetic nephropathy risk factors in type 2 diabetes mellitus obese people based on community type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS:In the community in Shanghai, we conduct a questionnaire, physical examination, and biochemical examination. The 406 patients included in the analysis were divided into two groups based on whether or not they had diabetic nephropathy. The influencing factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus obese patients were screened by the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator method, and then the influencing factors detected by the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator method were included in the binary logistic regression analysis, and the risk factors for diabetic nephropathy in obese people with type 2 diabetes mellitus were obtained. Finally, the nomogram and forest plot are used to visualize the binary logistic regression results, and the calibration plot and receiver-operating characteristic curve are used to verify the result. RESULTS:The results showed that family history of diabetes (OR= 2.091, P= 0.002), disease course (OR=1.050, P= 0.007). hypertension (OR=1.768, P=0.042), hyperuricemia (OR=2.263, P=0.003), systolic blood pressure (OR=1.027, P<0.001), and glycosylated haemoglobin A1c (OR=1.358, P<0.001) were risk factors for diabetic nephropathy. CONCLUSION:For obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, they should pay attention to family history of diabetes, disease course and hyperuricemia. Hypertension should be concerned and strictly controlled. Systolic blood pressure and glycosylated haemoglobin A1c will help prolong the survival of diabetic nephropathy patients. 10.2147/IJGM.S255858
    Risk factors associated with the development of diabetic kidney disease in Sudanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A case-control study. Shigidi Mazin Mt,Karrar Wieam N Diabetes & metabolic syndrome BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Limited data are available regarding the risk factors associated with the development of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) among Sudanese adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS:A case-control study was conducted at Dr. Salma Center for Kidney Diseases between April and September 2019. Patients with T2DM and DKD were compared to age and sex-matched T2DM patients with no kidney disease (NKD). Socio-demographic features, clinical findings, and laboratory investigations of the study subjects and controls were analyzed using SPSS. RESULTS:A total of 372 patients with DKD were compared to 364 T2DM patients with NKD. The mean age of the DKD patients was 58 ± 13.4 years, their median eGFR was 37.3 ± 4.9 ml/min/1.73 m; they had their T2DM at a significantly younger age compared to controls (P = 0.014). Logistic regression analysis revealed that a family history of diabetes mellitus, a family history of chronic kidney disease, the presence of hypertension, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, hyperuricemia, smoking, recurrent urinary tract infection, and the regular use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs were significantly associated with the development of DKD (P values < 0.05). CONCLUSION:A series of modifiable risk factors were found to be significant determinants for developing DKD. Primary care physicians are expected to pay considerable attention to their control. 10.1016/j.dsx.2021.102320