Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate versus Platelet Rich Plasma or Hyaluronic Acid for the Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis.
Dulic Oliver,Rasovic Predrag,Lalic Ivica,Kecojevic Vaso,Gavrilovic Gordan,Abazovic Dzihan,Maric Dusan,Miskulin Mladen,Bumbasirevic Marko
Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania)
In the last decade, regenerative therapies have become one of the leading disease modifying options for treatment of knee osteoarthritis (OA). Still, there is a lack of trials with a direct comparison of different biological treatments. Our aim was to directly compare clinical outcomes of knee injections of Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate (BMAC), Platelet-rich Plasma (PRP), or Hyaluronic acid (HA) in the OA treatment. Patients with knee pain and osteoarthritis KL grade II to IV were randomized to receive a BMAC, PRP, and HA injection in the knee. VAS, WOMAC, KOOS, and IKDC scores were used to establish baseline values at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. All side effects were reported. A total of 175 patients with a knee osteoarthritis KL grade II-IV were randomized; 111 were treated with BMAC injection, 30 with HA injection, and 34 patients with PRP injection. There were no differences between these groups when considering KL grade, BMI, age, or gender. There were no serious side effects. The mean VAS scores after 3, 7, 14, and 21 days showed significant differences between groups with a drop of VAS in all groups but with a difference in the BMAC group in comparison to other groups ( < 0.001). There were high statistically significant differences between baseline scores and those after 12 months ( < 0.001) in WOMAC, KOOS, KOOS pain, and IKDC scores, and in addition, there were differences between these scores in the BMAC group in comparison with other groups, except for the PRP group in WOMAC and the partial IKDC score. There were no differences between the HA and PRP groups, although PRP showed a higher level of clinical improvement. Bone marrow aspirate concentrate, Leukocyte rich Platelet Rich Plasma, and Hyaluronic acid injections are safe therapeutic options for knee OA and provide positive clinical outcomes after 12 months in comparison with findings preceding the intervention. BMAC could be better in terms of clinical improvements in the treatment of knee OA than PRP and HA up to 12 months. PRP provides better outcomes than HA during the observation period, but these results are not statistically significant. More randomized controlled trials and high quality comparative studies are needed for direct correlative conclusions.
Intra-articular injections of expanded mesenchymal stem cells with and without addition of platelet-rich plasma are safe and effective for knee osteoarthritis.
Bastos Ricardo,Mathias Marcelo,Andrade Renato,Bastos Raquel,Balduino Alex,Schott Vinicius,Rodeo Scott,Espregueira-Mendes João
Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA
PURPOSE:To compare the effectiveness and safety of intra-articular injections of autologous expanded mesenchymal stromal stem cells alone (MSCs), or in combination with platelet-rich plasma (MSCs + PRP), in patients with knee osteoarthritis. METHODS:Eighteen patients (57.6 ± 9.6 years) with radiographic symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (Dejour grades II-IV) were randomized to receive intra-articular injections of MSCs (n = 9) or MSCs + PRP (n = 9). Injections were performed 2-3 weeks after bone marrow aspiration (± 80-100 ml) which was obtained from both posterior iliac crests. RESULTS:The Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) improved significantly throughout the 12 months for both groups (p < 0.05). No statistically significant differences between groups were found in KOOS subscales and global score improvements at 12-month end-point (n.s.). The MSCs group showed significant improvements in the pain, function and daily living activities, and sports and recreational activities subscales (p < 0.05). Similarly, the MSCs + PRP group showed significant improvements in the pain, function and daily living activities and quality of life subscales (p < 0.05). The average number of fibroblast colony forming units (CFU-F) was 56.8 + 21.9 for MSCs group and 50.7 ± 21.7 for MSCs + PRP group. Minimal adverse effects were seen in both groups (10 adverse events, in 5 patients). CONCLUSIONS:Intra-articular injections of expanded MSCs alone or in combination with PRP are safe and have a beneficial effect on symptoms in patients with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis. Adding PRP to the MSCs injections did not provide additional benefit. These results are encouraging and support the recommendation of this minimally invasive procedure in patients with knee osteoarthritis, without requiring hospitalization. The CFU-F results may be used as reference for future research. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:Prospective cohort study, Level II.
Editorial Commentary: Injection of Platelet-Rich Plasma Appears Superior to Hyaluronic Acid and Adipose- or Bone-Derived Marrow Stem Cells for Knee Osteoarthritis.
Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association
Injection therapy for knee osteoarthritis continues to be a controversial topic. Commonly accepted treatment options are corticosteroid and hyaluronic acid injections, but recently platelet-rich plasma also has been a promising biologic treatment option. Adipose and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells have been applied clinically, but there is no strong supporting evidence for their use. It is also currently unknown whether stem cells can regenerate cartilage. As there is no cure for painful knee osteoarthritis, injection therapy can provide symptom relief. Recent network meta-analyses suggest that platelet-rich plasma provides the best functional improvement and safety for knee osteoarthritis, and adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells provide excellent pain relief. We must bear in mind that other network meta-analyses report different results, and a challenge of network meta-analysis is inconsistency that can lead to biased treatment effect estimates.
Intra-articular injection of culture-expanded mesenchymal stem cells with or without addition of platelet-rich plasma is effective in decreasing pain and symptoms in knee osteoarthritis: a controlled, double-blind clinical trial.
Bastos Ricardo,Mathias Marcelo,Andrade Renato,Amaral Ronaldo J F C,Schott Vinicius,Balduino Alex,Bastos Raquel,Miguel Oliveira J,Reis Rui L,Rodeo Scott,Espregueira-Mendes João
Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA
PURPOSE:To compare the clinical and laboratory outcomes of intra-articular injections of culture-expanded bone-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with or without platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to intra-articular corticosteroid injections for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS:Forty-seven patients with radiographic and symptomatic knee OA were randomized into three groups for intra-articular injections: autologous bone marrow-derived culture-expanded MSCs (n = 16); autologous bone marrow-derived culture-expanded MSCs + PRP (n = 14); and corticosteroid (n = 17). The outcomes were assessed by the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and range of motion (ROM) at baseline, 1, 2, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months and intra-articular cytokines analysis at baseline, 6 and 12 months postoperatively. RESULTS:The three groups showed significant improvement in most KOOS domains and global score at 1st month and all domains and global score at 12-month follow-up (p < 0.05). At the 1st month, only the MSCs group showed significant differences in KOOS symptoms domain (p = 0.003). The MSCs and MSCs + PRP groups showed the highest percentage of improvement in most KOOS domains and global score compared to the corticosteroid group. All three groups showed a significant reduction in intra-articular levels of human interleukin-10 cytokine, from baseline to 12 months (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION:An intra-articular injection of bone marrow-derived culture-expanded MSCs with or without the addiction of PRP is effective in improving the function and decreasing symptoms caused by knee OA at 12-month follow-up. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:II.