Assessment of organ dose reduction using dynamic conformal arc and static field with FFF beams for SBRT in lung cancer.
BACKGROUND:The aim of this study is to compare the dose delivered to the organs at risk (OAR), using static beams (SF) and a dynamic conformational arc (DCA) with flattening filter free (FFF) beams, for lung stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). METHODS:100 patients with lung cancer were treated with SBRT, using FF beams (TrueBeam STx, 6MV, IQ =0.67, 600 MU/min), separated into two groups: DCA (50 patients) and SF (50 patients). These patients were retrospectively re-planned using 6XFFF beams, IQ =0.63, 1400 MU/min. The beam-on time and dosimetric gain on planning target volume (PTV) and OARs (heart, spinal cord, planning risk volume (PRV) of spinal cord, esophagus, lungs and ribs) were analyzed according to tumor location. The comparison of median values was performed using the non-parametric Wilcoxon test (significance level: p <0.05). RESULTS:PTV coverage was 98.90% vs 98.40% (DCA) and 98.8% vs 98.3% (SF) for the FF and FFF beams, respectively. The median dosimetric gain to the heart, spinal cord, PRV spinal cord, esophagus and lungs was 6% (4-11%) in the central region and 8% (2-23%) in the peripheral region, using FFF (p < 0.05). The dose received by the ribs decreases by 5 to 6 Gy, using FFF beams. The median gain in beam-on time ranged from 31 to 34% for SF and from 44 to 52% for DCA using FFF beams. CONCLUSIONS:The FFF beams reduce the dose received by all OARs, regardless of the used technique or tumor location, reducing treatment delivery time as well.