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    Combination of Preoperative D-Dimer and Platelet Distributionwidth Predicts Postoperative Deep Venous Thrombosis inPatients with Cervical Carcinoma Li Na,Zhang Fu-Bin,Li Bing-Jie,Wang Rui-Tao Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP Background: Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is associated with severe morbidity and mortality in cancer. Plateletdistribution width (PDW), a platelet index, indicates variation in platelet size. We aimed to investigate whether thecombination of D-dimer and PDW could have a better performance in predicting DVT in patients with cervicalcarcinoma. Materials and Methods: In 198 consecutive cervical carcinoma patients without preoperative DVT,preoperative D-dimer and PDW levels were measured. Compression ultrasonography was performed in all cervicalcarcinoma patients before surgery, as well as one month, three months, six months, and 12 months. Results: During amedian period of 12 months, 17 of the 198 patients (8.6 %) developed DVT. PDW levels were reduced and D-dimerlevels were increased in patients with DVT events compared to those without DVT. Multivariate Cox analysis revealedthat both PDW and D-dimer were independent predictors for DVT events. The area under the ROC curve was 0.628(95% CI: 0.556 to 0.695, p=0.142) when D-dimer was used alone, whereas it increased to 0.777 (95% CI: 0.712 to0.833, p<0.011) with the addition of PDW. Incorporation of PDW into the D-dimer model significantly improved thepredictive value. Conclusions: The combination of preoperative D-dimer and PDW improves the predictive power ofpostoperative DVT risk in patients with cervical carcinoma. 10.31557/APJCP.2019.20.4.1025
    Platelet distribution width is highly associated with thrombotic events in primary antiphospholipid syndrome. Shi Yu,Jiang Hui,Huang Can,Hu Chaojun,Zhao Jiuliang,Li Mengtao,Zeng Xiaofeng Clinical rheumatology OBJECTIVE:Platelet activation is a possible pathogenic process contributing to thromboembolism in antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), and platelet distribution width (PDW) is associated with platelet activation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between platelet indices and thrombotic events in patients with primary APS. METHODS:This single-center cross-sectional study included 207 consecutive patients with APS treated at our institution between 2010 and 2019. Results of blood tests were recorded retrospectively from medical records. RESULTS:Of the included patients, 135 (65.2%) were female and 72 (34.8%) were male. They were classified into thrombotic (n = 150) or non-thrombotic (n = 57) groups. PDW, mean platelet volume, and large platelet ratio were significantly higher in the thrombotic group. In univariate logistic analysis, PDW was significantly associated with an increased odds of thrombosis [odds ratio (OR) 1.554, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.289-1.873, p<0.001]. In multivariate logistic analysis, PDW and positive lupus anticoagulant (LA) were risk factors for thrombosis. Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that PDW, combined with a positive LA, was a reliable indicator of thrombosis, with an area under the curve of 0.796 (95% CI 0.728-0.864). The optimal cutoff value for PDW was 12.4 fl, with a sensitivity of 72.0% and specificity of 77.2%. Multivariate logistic regression of PDW tertiles showed that the odds of thrombosis increased abruptly in the highest tertile. CONCLUSION:This study confirmed the association between PDW and thrombotic events in APS patients, supporting the theory that platelet activation is a crucial mechanism of thrombosis in APS. Key Points • This study is the first to discuss the correlation between PDW and thromboses in patients with APS. • This study provides evidence of the important role of platelet activation in the pathogenesis of APS. 10.1007/s10067-021-05843-z
    Mean platelet volume to lymphocyte ratio and platelet distribution width to lymphocyte ratio in Iraqi patients diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus. Reumatologia Introduction:The mean platelet volume to lymphocyte ratio (MPVLR) and platelet distribution width to lymphocyte ratio (PDWLR) have the potential to serve as markers of inflammation which may indicate disease activity. The mean platelet volume to lymphocyte ratio and PDWLR were assessed in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in this study. Material and methods:Sixty-two patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and 79 controls who were age and gender matched were included. Their sociodemographic information, as well as disease activity scores based on the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI), disease duration, current medications, lymphocytes, platelets, platelet distribution width (PDW), and mean platelet volume (MPV), anti-nuclear antibody (ANA), anti-double stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (anti-dsDNA), and complement components (C3, C4) were recorded. The correlations of MPVLR and PDWLR with disease activity and some laboratory parameters were analyzed. Results:Lupus patients had significantly higher median (interquartile range) values for MPVLR and PDWLR than controls (5.69 [1.16-23.67] vs. 4.40 [2.78-11.93], = 0.009) and 10.51 (2.87-79.37) vs. 5.21 (2.88-14.66), < 0.001] respectively. According to the ROC curve, > 7.53 was the best PDWLR cut-off value for predicting SLE with a sensitivity of 71%, a specificity of 87% and an accuracy of 82.6%, whereas the optimum MPVLR cut-off value was > 6.46 with a sensitivity of 45.2%, a specificity of 88.9% and an accuracy of 76.8%. In addition, MPVLR had a significant positive correlation with SLEDAI ( = 0.34, = 0.008). However, there was no significant correlation between PDWLR and SLEDAI ( = 0.23, = 0.067). Furthermore, PDWLR had a significant positive correlation with PDW ( = 0.482, < 0.001), while MPVLR had a significant negative correlation with C3 level ( = -0.260, = 0.042). Both PDWLR and MPVLR were positively correlated with nephritis ( = 0.388, = 0.002; = 0.246, = 0.038, respectively). Conclusions:The platelet distribution width to lymphocyte ratio can be considered as an assisting biomarker in the diagnosis of SLE with the other clinical and serological parameters. The mean platelet volume to lymphocyte ratio may be used in the evaluation of disease activity in SLE patients. 10.5114/reum.2022.117837
    Platelet distribution width as a novel indicator of disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus. Chen Sun-Yi,Du Juan,Lu Xiao-Nian,Xu Jin-Hua Journal of research in medical sciences : the official journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences BACKGROUND:Significance of platelet distribution width (PDW) and mean platelet volume (MPV) in assessing disease activity of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) remains unclear. This study was aimed to evaluate PDW and MPV as potential disease activity markers in adult SLE patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS:A total of 204 study participants, including 91 SLE patients and 113 age- and gender-matched healthy controls, were selected in this cross-sectional study. They were classified into three groups: control group ( = 113), active SLE group ( = 54), and inactive SLE group ( = 37). Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were analyzed. RESULTS:In patient group, PDW was statistically higher than that in control group (13.54 ± 2.67 vs. 12.65 ± 2.34, = 0.012), and in active group, PDW was significantly increased compared to inactive group (14.31 ± 2.90 vs. 12.25 ± 1.55, < 0.001). However, MPV was significantly lower in SLE group than in control group (10.74 ± 0.94 vs. 11.09 ± 1.14, = 0.016). PDW was positively correlated with SLE disease activity index ( < 0.001, = 0.529) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate ( = 0.002, = 0.321) and negatively correlated with C3 ( < 0.001, = -0.419). However, there was no significant association between MPV and these study variables. A PDW level of 11.85% was determined as a predictive cutoff value of SLE diagnosis (sensitivity 76.9%, specificity 42.5%) and 13.65% as cutoff of active stage (sensitivity 52.6%, specificity 85.3%). CONCLUSION:This study first associates a higher PDW level with an increased SLE activity, suggesting PDW as a novel indicator to monitor the activity of SLE. 10.4103/jrms.JRMS_1038_16
    Platelet Distribution Width Level in Patients With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus-Associated Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension and Its Diagnostic Value. He Yuzhu,Yu Yikai,Hu Shaoxian Archives of rheumatology Objectives:This study aims to compare the platelet distribution width (PDW) level in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (SLE-PAH) with that in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus alone (SLE-non-PAH) and to evaluate the clinical value of the PDW level in the early diagnosis of SLE-PAH. Patients and methods:We analyzed 80 SLE-PAH patients (1 males, 79 females; 34.9±12.3 years; range, 19 to 77 years) and 154 sex- and age-matched SLE-non-PAH patients (4 males, 150 females; mean age 36.7±12.4 years; range, 19 to 69 years) hospitalized between June 2011 and April 2018. All patients underwent transthoracic Doppler echocardiography within three months of inclusion in the study. Age, sex, disease course, currently prescribed medications, clinical manifestations, and past history were collected. Pulmonary artery systolic pressure, ejection fraction, white blood cell count, red blood cell count, hemoglobin, platelet count, PDW, mean platelet volume, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, complement 3 (C3), and C4 levels were also obtained. Results:The PDW level was higher in the SLE-PAH group than that in the SLE-non-PAH group (p=0.023). SLE patients were allocated into high systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI) group (SLEDAI score, ≥10) (n=121) or low SLEDAI group (SLEDAI score, <10) (n=113). The PDW level was significantly higher in the high SLEDAI group than that in the low SLEDAI group (p=0.030). The receiver operating characteristic curve was used to evaluate the clinical value of the PDW level in diagnosing PAH in SLE patients. The PDW level was valuable for diagnosing PAH in SLE patients [area under the curve (AUC)=0.591, p=0.023]. The optimal critical value of the PDW level was 14.55 fL. Under these conditions, the sensitivity, specificity, and Youden index were 57%, 63% and 0.20, respectively. For newly diagnosed patients, the PDW level had good diagnostic accuracy, with an AUC of 0.626 (p=0.037). The optimal critical value of the PDW level was 14.65 fL. Under these conditions, the sensitivity, specificity, and Youden index were 66%, 67% and 0.33, respectively. Conclusion:The PDW level is a good predictor of SLE-PAH, and this parameter is applicable to various clinical settings. 10.46497/ArchRheumatol.2020.7791
    Platelet distribution width as a marker for predicting lupus nephritis. Yu Haitao,Jiang Lili,Liu Ruiqi,Sheng Li,Ji Pengyu International immunopharmacology BACKGROUND:Lupus nephritis (LN) is an important manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of platelet distribution width (PDW) in LN. METHODS:A retrospective study involving 212 SLE patients and 201 healthy controls were performed. All clinical characteristics and laboratory data were collected from their medical records. RESULTS:The level of PDW was significantly decreased in SLE patients, which was negatively correlated with SLE disease activity index 2000 (SLEDAI-2K) score, disease duration, and 24-hour (24-h) urine protein, while positively correlated with serum IgG and IgM. There were more LN patients in low-PDW group than normal-PDW and high-PDW groups. In low-PDW group, SLEDAI-2K score, 24-h urine protein level, and anti-dsDNA antibody level was significantly higher, while serum IgG level was markedly lower. Moreover, PDW was negatively correlated with 24-h urine protein and disease duration, and it was positively correlated with serum IgG in LN patients. In addition, the area under the ROC curve of PDW was 0.87 and the optimal clinical cutoff level was 12.9, which provided a 87.41% sensitivity and a 74.63% specificity. Decreased PDW combined with high 24-h urine protein exhibited an excellent diagnostic value for LN. Importantly, 16.67% LN patients with negative 24-h urine protein can be detected in low PDW group. CONCLUSION:PDW may be a potential marker for predicting LN. Low PDW accompanied with high 24-h urine protein may be a useful indicator for diagnosing LN. 10.1016/j.intimp.2020.106693
    Alterations of platelet function, number and indexes during acute pancreatitis. Mimidis K,Papadopoulos V,Kotsianidis J,Filippou D,Spanoudakis E,Bourikas G,Dervenis C,Kartalis G Pancreatology : official journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et al.] BACKGROUND/AIMS:Acute pancreatitis constitutes a systemic inflammatory process which is often accompanied by thrombosis and bleeding disorders. The role of platelets in the pathophysiology of the disease has not been elucidated yet. The present study focuses on two successive end-points: (1) the activation of platelets during acute pancreatitis and (2) the alterations of platelet number and indexes between onset and remission of the disease, which reflect the bone marrow response. METHODS:A cohort of 54 patients with acute pancreatitis was enrolled. Cause and severity of the disease (APACHE II score) were estimated. Activated platelet ratio (APR) was estimated using flow cytometry at onset and remission. Platelet number (PLT), mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet large cell ratio (P-LCR) and platelet distribution width (PDW) were collected at onset and remission. RESULTS:The first end-point was reached in patient 14 as APR was found elevated at onset of acute pancreatitis (p = 0.01). The second end-point was fulfilled in patient 12 for MPV, P-LCR and PDW, which were found elevated at remission of the disease (p < 0.01) but not for PLT until the last patient (p = 0.34). CONCLUSION:Platelets are directly involved in the systemic inflammatory process of acute pancreatitis, which leads to consumption, compensated by an immediate bone marrow response. 10.1159/000077024
    [Changes of platelet α-particle membrane protein, platelet activating factor and platelet parameters in patients with hyperuricemia]. Ding Dan-Dan,Wang Wei,Cui Zhong-Guang,Wang Hong-Yi Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi This study was aimed to investigate the changes of the platelet particle membrane protein (GMP-140), platelet activating factor (PAF) and platelet parametes in the patients with hyperuricemia (HUA), ELISA was used to detect the levels of GMP-140 and PAF in 55 patients with HUA and 30 healthy individuals. Platelet parameters were measured with automatic blood cell analyzer, and the biochemical indexes were detected at the same time. The results showed that the levels of serum uric acid, triglycerides (TG) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in HUA patients were higher than that in the normal group (P < 0.01). Serum uric acid level of HUA group was higher in men than that in women. The levels of GMP-140 and PAF in HUA patients were much higher than that in the normal group (P < 0.01), the indexes of platelet distribution width (PDW) and platelet-large cell ratio (P-LCR) in HUA patients were higher than that in the normal group (P < 0.01), there was no statistically significant difference in platelet count, plateletcrit (PCT), mean platelet volume (MPV) between the two groups. There was positive correlation between serum uric acid and levels of GMP-140, PAF, P-LCR and PDW, respectively (r = 0.667, 0.879, 0.310, 0.460, P < 0.01 or P < 0.05). Multivariate stepwise regression analysis revealed that serum uric acid, creatinine, P-LCR, urea nitrogen contributed to GMP-140 level (adjusted R(2) = 0.822). Serum uric acid and LDL-C also contributed to PAF level (adjusted R(2) = 0.451). It is concluded that a close relationship exists between HUA and the change of platelet function, and HUA plays a certain role in cardiovascular disease thrombosis complications.
    Platelet volume indices in patients with coronary artery disease and acute myocardial infarction: an Indian scenario. Khandekar M M,Khurana A S,Deshmukh S D,Kakrani A L,Katdare A D,Inamdar A K Journal of clinical pathology AIMS:To study platelet volume indices (PVI) in the spectrum of ischaemic heart diseases. METHODS:A total of 210 cases were studied; 94 patients had unstable angina (UA) or acute myocardial infarction (AMI) diagnosed on the basis of history, characteristic electrocardiographic changes, and increased cardiac enzyme activities. Seventy patients had stable coronary artery disease (stable CAD) or were admitted for a coronary angiography or coronary artery bypass graft procedure. The third group comprised 30 age and sex matched healthy controls with no history of heart disease and a normal electrocardiogram. RESULTS:All PVI-mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW), and platelet large cell ratio (P-LCR)-were significantly raised in patients with AMI and UA (mean MPV, 10.43 (SD, 1.03) fL; mean PDW, 13.19 (SD, 2.34) fL; mean P-LCR, 29.4% (SD, 7.38%)) compared with those with stable CAD (mean MPV, 9.37 (SD, 0.99) fL; mean PDW, 11.35 (SD, 1.95) fL; mean P-LCR, 22.55% (SD, 6.65%)) and the control group (mean MPV, 9.2 (SD, 0.91) fL; mean PDW, 10.75 (SD, l.42) fL; mean P-LCR, 20.65% (SD, 6.14%)). CONCLUSIONS:Larger platelets are haemostatically more active and are a risk factor for developing coronary thrombosis, leading to myocardial infarction. Patients with larger platelets can easily be identified during routine haematological analysis and could possibly benefit from preventive treatment. Thus, PVI are an important, simple, effortless, and cost effective tool that should be used and explored extensively, especially in countries such as India, for predicting the possibility of impending acute events. 10.1136/jcp.2004.025387
    The Role of Hematological Indices in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome. Budzianowski Jan,Pieszko Konrad,Burchardt Paweł,Rzeźniczak Janusz,Hiczkiewicz Jarosław Disease markers An increased systemic and local inflammation plays a key role in the pathophysiology of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). This review will discuss the role of hematological indices: white blood cells (WBC), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), red cell distribution width (RDW), and platelet indices, that is, platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), mean platelet volume (MPV), and platelet distribution width (PDW) in the case of ACS. In recent years, a strong interest has been drawn to these indices, given that they may provide independent information on pathophysiology, risk stratification, and optimal management. Their low-cost and consequent wide and easy availability in daily clinical practice have made them very popular in the laboratory testing. Furthermore, many studies have pointed at their effective prognostic value in all-cause mortality, major cardiovascular events, stent thrombosis, arrhythmias, and myocardial perfusion disorders in terms of acute myocardial infarction and unstable angina. The most recent research also emphasizes their significant value in the combined analysis with other markers, such as troponin, or with GRACE, SYNTAX, and TIMI scores, which improve risk stratification and diagnosis in ACS patients. 10.1155/2017/3041565
    Does platelet activity play a role in the pathogenesis of idiopathic ischemic priapism? Ufuk Yavuz,Hasan Yilmaz,Murat Ustuner,Seyfettin Ciftci,Kerem Teke,Melih Culha International braz j urol : official journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology PURPOSE:Mean platelet volume (MPV) is used to measure platelet size and is defined as a potential marker of platelet reactivity. Higher MPV levels have been defined as a risk factor for increased incidence of intravascular thrombosis and its associated diseases. We aimed to determine whether a relationship exists between the MPV and veno-occlusive component of idiopathic ischemic priapism (IIP). MATERIALS AND METHODS:Between 2010 and 2014, 38 subjects were analyzed in two groups. One was composed of 15 patients with diagnosis as IIP in our institute, and the other contained 23 healthy control subjects. Complete blood count reports were retrospectively evaluated in both groups. MPV, platelet count (PLT), platelet distribution width (PDW), white blood cells (WBC), red blood cells (RBC), hemoglobin (Hb), reticulocyte distribution width (RDW) were measured in both groups. RESULTS:The mean ages were similar in IIP patients (45.86±15.82) and control subjects (47.65±10.99). The mean MPV values of IIP patients were significantly higher than control subjects (p<0.05). In contrast, also PLT counts were significantly lower in IIP patients, compared to control subjects (p<0.05). The mean hemoglobin and WBC values were significantly lower in control group (p<0.05). There was no significant difference of RBC, PDW and RDW values in both groups. CONCLUSIONS:We found that the MPV was significantly higher in IIP patients compared to control subjects. The high MPV levels may have contributed to the veno-occlusive etiopathogenesis of IIP disease. We strongly suggest further prospective studies to recommend the use of MPV in routine practice. 10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2015.0126
    Clinical Significance of Platelet Volume and Other Platelet Parameters in Acute Myocardial Infarction and Stable Coronary Artery Disease. Ding Liumei,Sun Lihua,Wang Feng,Zhu Liejun,Zhang Ting,Hua Fanli Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia BACKGROUND:Platelets are important in the initiation of thrombosis, and their morphological and functional changes are closely related with the occurrence and development of coronary artery thrombosis. Platelet parameters might be valuable in distinguishing between acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and stable coronary artery disease (SCAD). OBJECTIVE:This study was designed to detect and compare changes in platelet parameters, such as mean platelet volume (MPV) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) and to investigate their roles in these diseases. METHODS:Specimen collection: Between January 2011 and December 2013, 2 mL of elbow vein blood was drawn from each of 31 patients primarily diagnosed with AMI, 34 SCAD patients and 50 healthy subjects; and placed in EDTA-K2 anticoagulant tubes. Platelet count (PLT), MPV, plateletcrit (PCT), platelet distribution width (PDW), white blood cell (WBC) and neutrophil (NEU) counts were determined using an STKS automated hematology analyzer (Beckman Courter). RESULTS:Compared with the control group, MPV levels were significantly higher in the AMI and SCAD groups (p < 0.05), while PLT was significantly lower (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION:These results suggest that MPV and other related parameters have a certain value in the diagnosis of SCAD and AMI. 10.5935/abc.20190058
    An assessment of platelet parameters in different ethnic groups with hypertension subtypes and associated risk factors in Xinjiang, China. Abudesimu Asiya,Liu Fen,Siti Dilixiati,Adi Dilare,Fu Zhenyan,Ma Xiang,Xie Xiang,Yang Yining,Li Xiaomei,Ma Yitong Clinical and experimental hypertension (New York, N.Y. : 1993) The goal of this study was to investigate platelet parameters in populations with hypertension subtypes among the Han, Uygur, and Kazakh ethnic groups and their associated risk factors in Xinjiang, northwestern China. In total, 9816 adult participants were recruited from a multiethnic, cross-sectional cardiovascular risk survey. Our results indicated that the platelet counts in Han, Uygur, and Kazakh participants with isolated systolic hypertension (ISH), isolated diastolic hypertension (IDH), and systolic diastolic hypertension (SDH) varied significantly (P < 0.001). Additionally, the mean platelet volume (MPV) in Han, Uygur, and Kazakh participants with ISH was significantly different (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the individual platelet parameters had different associated risk factors. For example, the risk factors for platelet counts were Uygur ethnicity, Kazakh ethnicity, drinking, ISH, diabetes, and high triglycerides (TGs). The risk factors for MPV were Uygur ethnicity, smoking, overweight, obesity, ISH, IDH, diabetes, and high TGs. Gender was a risk factor for abnormal plateletcrit (PCT) values. Only a low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level was found to be a risk factor for platelet distribution width (PDW). We suggest that more attention should be paid to platelet parameters and the associated risk factors to reinforce the effect of antiplatelet therapy and to provide a clinical basis for preventing the occurrence of thrombosis complications and cerebro- and cardiovascular diseases effectively. 10.1080/10641963.2017.1411494
    Mean platelet volume and coronary plaque vulnerability: an optical coherence tomography study in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome. Wang Jun,Li Xing,Pu Jun,Jin Siyu,Jia Lu,Li Xiaomei,Liu Fen,Yang Yining BMC cardiovascular disorders BACKGROUND:The association between mean platelet volume (MPV) and coronary plaque vulnerability in patients with non-ST-elevation ACS (NSTE-ACS) has not been investigated. We performed a retrospective study to evaluate the association between MPV and plaque vulnerability using optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS:Consecutive NSTE-ACS patients who underwent pre-intervention OCT examination in our center were included in this study. Features of coronary plaques in the culprit arteries were classified as rupture, nonrupture with thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA), and nonrupture and non-TCFA. ROC analyses were used to determine the predictive efficacy of MPV for plaque rupture, and multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the potential independent predictors of plaque vulnerability. RESULTS:Overall, 94 patients were included in this study. We identified 17 patients with plaque rupture, 10 with nonrupture with TCFA, and 67 with nonrupture and non-TCFA. ROC analyses showed that MPV ≥ 10.5 fL was predictive of plaque rupture in NSTE-ACS patients. Univariate analyses indicated that patients with higher MPV (≥ 10.5 fL) had higher body mass index and poorer lipid profiles compared to those with lower MPV. Moreover, those with higher MPV had higher incidences of plaque rupture and thrombosis (both P < 0.05). Results of multivariate analyses showed that diabetes and higher platelet distribution width (PDW) were independent risk factors of TCFA (P = 0.032 and 0.046, respectively), while diabetes, higher BMI, higher PDW, and higher MPV were independent determinants of plaque rupture in our cohorts (P all < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Higher MPV is independently associated with higher risk of plaque rupture as evidenced by OCT in our cohort of NSTE-ACS patients. 10.1186/s12872-019-1115-2
    Changes in platelet indices in children with bicuspid aortic valve. Ayhan Aylin Canbolat,Ayhan Yusuf Izzet,Kalaycık Ozlem,Timur Cetin,Yoruk Asım Pediatric cardiology Mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet distribution width (PDW) can help diagnose cardiovascular pathologies. In this study, we aimed to demonstrate the changes in platelet (PLT) indices in children diagnosed with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) with mild stenosis and without stenosis to compare patients with mild stenosis with those without stenosis. A total of 73 children diagnosed with BAV (30 patients with mild stenosis and 43 without stenosis) with a mean age 9.73 ± 5.01 years and a control group were included in the study. Mean MPV value was significantly lower in the control group compared with patients with BAV with mild stenosis and patients without stenosis (p = 0.001, and p < 0.01, respectively). MPV was significantly greater in patients with mild stenosis than in patients without stenosis (p = 0.049 and p < 0.05, respectively). Patients with mild stenosis had a significantly greater mean PDW value compared with patients without stenosis and the control group (p = 0.024 and p < 0.05, respectively). There was no significant difference between patients without stenosis and the control group with respect to mean PDW value (p > 0.05). In conclusion, the results of this study demonsrate that children with BAV either with or without stenosis have increased MPV; the ones with mild stenosis have even greater values than the ones without stenosis. It emphasizes the risk of thrombosis in children with BAV. 10.1007/s00246-014-1062-8
    Platelet indices as an assessment tool of septic acute kidney injury. Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia Platelet (PLT), one of blood cells, plays a major role in physiological and pathological processes such as coagulation, thrombosis, inflammation, and keeping the integrity of vascular endothelium. There are a group of parameters that are used to measure the total amount of PLTs, PLTs morphology, and proliferation. PLT indices are associated with the severity of illness and patients' prognosis. It was reported that mean platelet volume (MPV) was raising synchronously with interleukin (IL)-6 and C-reactive protein in sepsis, and was correlated to the severity of the disease. We aimed to study PLT indices and its changes in sepsis and septic acute kidney injury (AKI) patients to assess the disease and its severity. The present study is a cross-sectional study, had been carried out at Menoufia University hospitals from August 2017 to August 2019. The various platelet indices [MPV, platelet distribution width (PDW) and plateletcrit (PCT)] are considered as outcome variables were compared among controls, cases with sepsis, and cases with sepsis associated AKI. Group I (31) cases with the clinical diagnosis of septic AKI, Group II (33) cases with the diagnosis of sepsis, and Group III (28) consecutive persons marked as negative in the output of the cell counter were taken as controls. Data were tabulated and statistically analyzed. There were 15 men and 15 women for Group I (septic AKI), 17 males and 16 females for Group II (sepsis) and 15 men and 13 women healthy controls as a control group. According to PLT indices MPV, there was a significant statistical difference (P1 <0.01) between Group I and II of patients as it were12.06 ± 1.23, 11.01 ± 1.20, respectively, and PDW also there was a significant statistical difference (P1 <0.01) as it were16.01 ± 2.33, 13.97 ± 2.14, respectively, and PCT there was no significant difference between the two groups. Furthermore, there was a significant statistical difference between Group I and II of patients according to procalcitonin, TNF-α and IL-10. From these results, we conclude that there were a statistical significant difference between the patient groups of critically ill. 10.4103/1319-2442.344752
    Diagnostic Importance of Platelet in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome Admitted in Mymensingh Medical College Hospital. Islam M A,Siddiqui N I,Begum M S,Bhuiyan A S,Rahman M A,Ahammed S U Mymensingh medical journal : MMJ This cross sectional descriptive study was carried out in the Department of Cardiology, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital from July 2015 to December 2015, included 50 patients admitted with acute coronary syndrome diagnosed on the basis of history, typical anginal type of chest pain, characteristic electrocardiographic changes and increased cardiac biomarkers. Platelet count (PC), Mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet distribution width (PDW) were measured using automated hematological analyzer and compared them with 50 age and sex matched healthy controls. All platelet parameter indices - platelet count (PC), mean platelet volume (MPV) & platelet distribution width (PDW) - were significantly raised in patients with ACS. In patients with ACS the mean values of platelet count, MPV & PDW were 352.2×10⁹/L), 13.9fL & 15.6fL, respectively; while in normal healthy control the mean values of these indices were 256.2×10⁹/L), 8.1fL & 10.5fL, respectively. Statistically significant difference in mean values of these indices was found (p value <0.05). Larger platelets are haemostatically more active and are a risk factor for developing coronary thrombosis and subsequent acute coronary events (myocardial infarction and unstable angina). Patients with larger platelets can easily be identified during routine hematological analysis and could possibly benefit from preventive treatment.
    Platelet histogram indices and cardiovascular disease in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Jurcuţ C,Jurcuţ Ruxandra,Caraiola Simona,Niţescu Doina,Mihai C,Baicuş Anda,Copaci I,Predeţeanu Denisa,Ginghina Carmen,Tănăsescu C Romanian journal of internal medicine = Revue roumaine de medecine interne UNLABELLED:BACKGROUND; Previous studies reported the increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) compared to the general population. However, the predictors for the development of CVD in patients with RA were not clearly established, and the role of thrombosis mechanisms was inconsistently characterized in these patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the platelet histogram indices, as markers of platelet activation, in patients with RA with or without CVD. MATERIAL AND METHODS:In 64 pts with RA (mean age: 58.0 +/- 12.7 yrs) we performed the standard clinical evaluation and biochemical workup with platelet histogram, including mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet distribution width (PDW) as markers of platelet activation. We divided the study population into two groups: A - 41 patients with RA without CVD and B - 23 patients with RA and CVD (ischemic heart disease, peripheral artery disease or cerebrovascular disease). The values of MPV and PDW were also analyzed in an age- and sex-mached control group of 20 subjects without RA and CVD and in a group of 62 patients with CVD without RA (stable angina). RESULTS:The platelets number was similar in both groups, but the platelet histogram showed higher values for MPV (9.6 vs. 8.6 fL, p < 0.01) and PDW (16.1 vs. 14.0, p < 0.01) in patients with RA and CVD, reflecting greater platelet activation in these patients. MPV values were lower in patients with RA, but the values of PDW were higher in these patients comparing to control. Patients with RA with CVD have higher values of PDW than patients with CVD, but without RA, showing an increased platelet activation in RA. The PDW values correlate with fibrinogen (0.63; p = 0.003) but not with CRP or ESR, while the MPV was not correlated with the inflammatory markers in patients with RA. CONCLUSIONS:The pathogensis of CVD in patients with RA may be linked to an increased prothrombotic activity which might be evaluated by platelet histogram indices.
    Prognostic value of platelet indices in patients with acute pulmonary thromboembolism. Ghaffari Samad,Parvizian Nashmil,Pourafkari Leili,Separham Ahmad,Hajizadeh Reza,Nader Nader D,Javanshir Elnaz,Sepehrvand Nariman,Tajlil Arezou,Nasiri Babak Journal of cardiovascular and thoracic research Given the role of platelets in thrombus formation, markers of platelet activation may be able to predict outcomes in patients with acute pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE). In a prospective cohort study, 492 patients with acute PTE were enrolled. Patients were evaluated for platelet indices including mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW), and platelet-lymphocyte-ratio (PLR), as well as for the simplified Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (PESI) risk score. The primary endpoint was in-hospital all-cause mortality. Major adverse cardiopulmonary events (MACPE, composite of mortality, thrombolysis, mechanical ventilation and surgical embolectomy during index hospitalization) and all-cause death during follow-up were secondary endpoints. MPV, PDW and PLR were 9.9±1.0 fl, 13.5±6.1%, and 14.7±14.5, respectively, in the total cohort. Whilst MPV was higher in those with adverse events (10.1±1.0 vs 9.9±1.0 fl; = 0.019), PDW and PLR were not different between two groups. MPV with a cut-off point of 9.85 fl had a sensitivity of 81% and a specificity of 50% in predicting in-hospital mortality, but it had lower performance in predicting MACPE (Area under the curve: AUC 0.58; 95%CI 0.52-0.63) or long-term mortality (AUC 0.54; 95% CI 0.47-0.61). The AUC for all these three markers were lower than the AUC calculated for the simplified PESI score (0.80; 0.71-0.88). Platelet indices had only fair-to-good predictive performance in predicting in-hospital all-cause death. Established PTE risk scoring models such as simplified PESI outperform these indices in predicting adverse outcomes. 10.34172/jcvtr.2020.09
    Basic Coagulation Profiles and Platelet Parameters Among Adult Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Patients at Dessie Referral Hospital, Northeast Ethiopia: Comparative Cross-Sectional Study. Ebrahim Hussen,Asrie Fikir,Getaneh Zegeye Journal of blood medicine Background:Diabetes is a heterogeneous group of metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia. The disease is highly associated with micro-vascular and macro-vascular complications. Thus, the main aim of this study was to compare basic coagulation profiles and platelet parameters among type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and healthy controls. Methods:A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted at Dessie Referral Hospital from February to April 2019. A total of 180 study participants consisting of (60 T1DM, 60 T2DM, and 60 healthy controls) were enrolled using a systematic random sampling technique. Basic coagulation profiles and platelet parameters were determined using the HUMACLOT JUNIOR coagulometer and DIRUI BF 6500 automated hematology analyzer respectively. Non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis test supplemented with Dunn-Bonferroni correction and Spearman rank-order correlation test were used to compare basic coagulation profiles and platelet parameters among the groups. The test result was expressed in median and interquartile range and presented in texts and tables. P-value < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results:Prothrombin time (PT) and international normalization ratio (INR) were significantly reduced in T2DM as compared to T1DM and healthy controls (p <0.05). Platelet distribution width (PDW) and mean platelet volume (MPV) were significantly increased in both T1DM and T2DM as compared to healthy controls (p <0.05). Moreover, PT and INR were negatively correlated with fasting blood glucose (FBG) among T1DM and PT, INR and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) were negatively correlated with FBG among T2DM. Conclusion:Basic coagulation profiles and platelet parameters were significantly different between diabetes and controls where PT and INR in T2DM were significantly reduced as compared to T1DM and controls. However, PDW and MPV were significantly elevated in both T1DM and T2DM as compared to controls. Moreover, FBG was significantly negatively correlated with PT and INR among T1DM and FBG was significantly negatively correlated with PT, INR, and APTT among T2DM. Therefore, T2DM may be related to increased risk of thrombosis indicated by reduced PT and INR and high PDW and MPV than T1DM and controls. Basic coagulation profiles and platelet parameters should be regularly tested for early diagnosis and proper management of diabetes-related thrombosis. 10.2147/JBM.S287136
    Platelet Indices as a Marker of Severity in Non-diabetic NonHypertensive Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients. The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India BACKGROUND:Platelet activation & aggregation are critical in pathogenesis of acute ischemic stroke. Mean platelet volume (MPV) & Platelet distribution width (PDW) are markers & determinants of platelet function. Larger platelets are metabolically more active, produce more prothrombotic factors, aggregate more easily & act as index of homeostasis and its dysfunction thrombosis. MATERIAL:We studied 70 non diabetic non hypertensive ischemic stroke patients without previous thrombotic events & not on anti platelet medications within 24 hour of onset of symptoms & compared with equal number of age and sex matched controls. Severity of stroke was calculated by Canadian neurological scale (CNS).Platelet indices were obtained from SYSMEX KX-21. OBSERVATION:Mean age of patients was 55 ± 7.11 and of controls was 52 ± 5.37. According to CNS patients were divided in two groups; with comprehension deficit (1st group, 32 patients) & without comprehension deficit (2nd group, 38 patients).Mean value for PDW & MPV in 1st group was 18.675 ± 3.494 & 12.894 ± 1.270 respectively and in 2nd group was 18.62 ± 3.387 & 12.42 ± 0.984 respectively and was significantly higher than mean value of 15.694 ± 3.127 & 10.46 ± 1.273 of PDW & MPV respectively in controls. In both study groups PDW & MPV was found to be significantly associated with severity of motor deficit. CONCLUSION:In patients of ischemic stroke platelet indices may be used for predicting severity of motor deficit. Although larger sample size and multivariate analysis is required before this can be used regularly in clinical practice.
    Platelet and Thrombophilia-Related Risk Factors of Retinal Vein Occlusion. Marcinkowska Adrianna,Cisiecki Slawomir,Rozalski Marcin Journal of clinical medicine Retinal vein occlusion (RVO) is a heterogenous disorder in which the formation of a thrombus results in the retinal venous system narrowing and obstructing venous return from the retinal circulation. The pathogenesis of RVO remains uncertain, but it is believed to be multifactorial and to depend on both local and systemic factors, which can be divided into vascular, platelet, and hypercoagulable factors. The vascular factors include dyslipidaemia, high blood pressure, and diabetes mellitus. Regarding the platelet factors, platelet function, mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW), and platelet large cell ratio (PLCR) play key roles in the diagnosis of retinal vein occlusion and should be monitored. Nevertheless, the role of a hypercoagulable state in retinal vein occlusion remains unclear and requires further studies. Therefore, the following article will present the risk factors of RVO associated with coagulation disorders, as well as the acquired and genetic risk factors of thrombophilia. According to Virchow's triad, all factors mentioned above lead to thrombus formation, which causes pathophysiological changes inside venous vessels in the fundus of the eye, which in turn results in the vessel occlusion. Therefore, a diagnosis of retinal vein occlusion should be based on both eye examination and general examination, including laboratory tests. 10.3390/jcm10143080
    Hyperlipidemia and Platelet Parameters: Two Sides of the Same Coin. Cureus INTRODUCTION: Hyperlipidemia is a disorder in which lipid and cholesterol levels in the blood are elevated. Diabetes, coronary heart disease, obesity, and hypertension are commonly linked to hyperlipidemia. Despite this, hyperlipidemia is a widely neglected illness, owing to its asymptomatic nature, ignorance of aberrant lipid profiles on screening, and economic issues in poor countries such as India. Platelets have been shown to have a role in the thrombus consequences of atheromatous damage in hyperlipidemic individuals by initiating and propagating atherosclerotic plaques. Platelets with bigger diameters are thought to be more metabolically, enzymatically, and functionally agile than platelets with lower sizes. In steady-state operation, these bigger platelets release more thromboxane B2 than regular platelets. Platelets with bigger sizes are more hemostatically active and hence have a higher chance of forming a thrombus and thromboembolism. The aim of this study was to compare the values of key platelet parameters and platelet function in hyperlipidemic patients with normal age and sex-matched controls. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 100 individuals were included in this study, with 68 cases of hyperlipidemia and 32 controls having normal lipid profiles. Platelet volume indices (PVI) such as platelet count (PC), mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW), platelet large cell ratio (P-LCR), plateletcrit (PCT), and platelet function (platelet aggregation with adenosine diphosphate, ADP) were compared between hyperlipidemia patients and age sex-matched controls with normal lipid profiles. RESULTS: The cases had a statistically significant higher mean MPV (10.55 ± 1.81), PDW (14.93 ± 2.82), and P-LCR (30.97 ± 11.74) compared to mean MPV (9.35 ± 1.85), PDW (13.10 ± 2.60), and P-LCR (25.13 ± 12.23) of controls (p-value < 0.05). No significant difference was observed between the study group and control group with respect to mean PC and PCT (p-value > 0.05). In this study, there was a statistically significant increase noted in platelet aggregation percentage in hyperlipidemic patients than in the control group (42.03 ± 25.28 vs 31.25 ± 15.11) (p-value < 0.05). CONCLUSION: To conclude, platelet parameters are a significant, easy, and cost-effective method for predicting future acute episodes in hyperlipidemic patients that should be utilized more widely. To avoid vascular events, these individuals may require higher antiplatelet dosages and more rigorous hyperlipidemia therapy. 10.7759/cureus.25884
    Branch retinal vein occlusion associated with platelet activation Beyazyıldız Emrullah,Çıtırık Mehmet,Şimşek Mert,Beyazyıldız Özlem,Haznedaroğlu İbrahim C Turkish journal of medical sciences Background/aim:The aim of this study is to study subclinical platelet activation by detecting three important platelet activation parameters of mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW), and plateletcrit (PCT) in patients with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) in comparison to those in healthy control subjects. Materials and methods:This prospective study included 43 patients with BRVO (Group 1)and 40 control subjects (Group 2). The levels of MPV, PDW, and PCT were measured in both of the studied groups Results:The mean serum level of MPV value was 7.64 ± 0.64 in Group 1 and 7.39 ± 0.42 in Group 2. Mean serum level of PDW was 15.01 ± 1.56 in Group 1 and 14.43 ± 1.03 in Group 2. Mean serum PCT value was 0.19 ± 0.05 in Group 1 and 0.16 ± 0.04 in Group 2. MPV, PDW, and PCT levels were significantly increased in BRVO patients (P < 0.05). Conclusion:Subclinical platelet activation reflected by MPV, PDW, and PCT may have an impact on the genesis of vessel occlusion in BRVO. The results may be important for the clinical management of patients with BRVO 10.3906/sag-1807-223
    Role of Platelet Parameters on Neovascular Glaucoma: A Retrospective Case-Control Study in China. Li Shengjie,Cao Wenjun,Sun Xinghuai PloS one PURPOSE:Retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and diabetic retinopathy (DR) are two major sight-threatening diseases which may lead to neovascular glaucoma (NVG). The aim of this study was to explore the association between platelet parameters and NVG. METHODS:A total of 185 subjects were enrolled for the study from January, 2012 to December, 2015 at the Eye-ENT Hospital of Fudan University. Patients include those with NVG secondary to RVO (RVO group, n = 38), patients with NVG secondary to DR (DR group, n = 47), diabetics mellitus without retinopathy (DM group, n = 52), and healthy individuals (control group, n = 48). A complete ophthalmological examination including visual field examination, A-scan ultrasound, Fundus photography, and measurement of platelet parameters were performed for NVG subjects. RESULTS:There was no statistical difference in the mean age and gender among the RVO, DR, and control groups (p>0.05). The mean level of platelet distribution width (PDW) was higher (p<0.001) in the RVO group (15.16±2.13fl) and DR group (16.17±1.66fl) when compared with the control group (13.77±2.99fl). The mean plateletcrit (PCT) value of the RVO group (0.229±0.063%) was also higher (p = 0.049) than the control group (0.199±0.045). In the DR group, mean platelet volume (MPV) value (10.72±1.57fl) was significantly higher (p = 0.002) than the control group (9.75±0.89fl). A similar trend was observed when platelet parameters were compared among the 3 groups with respect to age. The mean level of PDW was significantly higher (p<0.001) in the DR group (16.17±1.66fl) compared with the DM group (13.80±3.32fl). Stepwise multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that PDW (OR = 1.44, 95%CI = 1.149-1.805, p = 0.002) and MPV (OR = 1.503, 95%CI = 1.031-2.192, p = 0.034) were associated with the DR group, PDW (OR = 1.207, 95%CI = 1.010-1.443, p = 0.039) and PCT (OR = 1.663, 95%CI = 1.870-2.654, p = 0.036) were associated with the RVO group. CONCLUSION:Our results suggest that increased PDW and MPV are associated with the NVG secondary to DR group, elevated PDW and PCT are associated with the RVO group. It indicates that platelets might be an important factor in the onset and/or development of NVG. 10.1371/journal.pone.0166893
    Platelet distribution width (PDW) is increased in vaso-occlusive crisis in sickle cell disease. Amin Manik A,Amin Amit P,Kulkarni Hemant R Annals of hematology Considering the multigenic and multifactorial nature of the disease, we argue that a generalized bone marrow hyperplasia-and not merely erythroid hyperplasia-will occur in sickle cell disease. Consequently, we expect the hematological parameters to depict erythroid, myeloid as well as megakaryocyte hyperplasia. In the light of this expectation, we hypothesized that platelet distribution width (PDW) will increase in sickle cell disease. Here, we report the results from a cross-sectional study of 216 children admitted with complaints suggestive of vaso-occlusive crisis. We observed a strong association between PDW and sickle cell disease as compared to children who had HbAA genotype. Our findings bridge previous inconsistencies relating to the role of platelets in sickle cell disease. Implications of this finding are discussed. 10.1007/s00277-003-0833-8
    The prognostic value of an increased mean platelet volume and platelet distribution width in the early phase of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis. Kamisli Ozden,Kamisli Suat,Kablan Yuksel,Gonullu Sinan,Ozcan Cemal Clinical and applied thrombosis/hemostasis : official journal of the International Academy of Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis In this study, we aimed to investigate the value of mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW) and platelet count in cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) patients and in control subjects. Fifty-three patients with evidence of CVST and thirty-five controls with similar baseline characteristics were included in the study. CVST patients were further divided into two subgroups based on the presence or absence of parenchymal lesions in cranial MRI. Our analyses revealed a significant difference in MPV and PDW values between CVST patients with lesions and controls (P < 0.05). MPV and PDW values were significantly increased in CVST patients with brain parenchmal lesions, suggesting that MPV and PDW values can be used to predict the severity of CVST. 10.1177/1076029612453196
    Are Patients With Fibromyalgia in a Prothrombotic State? Molina Francisco,Del Moral María Luisa,La Rubia Mercedes,Blanco Santos,Carmona Ramón,Rus Alma Biological research for nursing OBJECTIVES:The aim of this study was to investigate thrombosis-related parameters (blood coagulation parameters, platelet indices, red blood cell [RBC] count, and inflammatory markers) in patients with fibromyalgia (FM). METHOD:We carried out a case-control study with 35 women with FM and 12 age-matched healthy volunteers to analyze fibrinogen levels, prothrombin time, cephaline time, platelet count, platelet distribution width (PDW), mean platelet volume (MPV), RBC count, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR). RESULTS:The results showed significantly increased fibrinogen levels ( p < .05), platelet count ( p < .05), PDW ( p = .059), RBC count ( p < .05), and PLR ( p < .05) in women with FM versus the healthy volunteers. Prothrombin time ( p < .05) and MPV ( p < .05) were significantly lower in patients with FM than in the controls. CONCLUSIONS:Elevated platelet and RBC counts, PDW values, and fibrinogen levels as well as decreased prothrombin time are all indicative of a prothrombotic state in FM patients, which may be enhanced by an increased inflammatory tone. This prothrombotic state may increase the risk of thrombosis-related cardiovascular disease in patients with FM. 10.1177/1099800418824716
    The evaluation of platelet indices and markers of inflammation, coagulation and disease progression in treatment-naïve, asymptomatic HIV-infected individuals. Nkambule B B,Davison G M,Ipp H International journal of laboratory hematology INTRODUCTION:Cardiovascular disease and thrombotic events have emerged as major causes of mortality in people living with HIV. Activated platelets play a key role in both inflammation and thrombosis. Haematology analysers measure a variety of platelet indices, which could be surrogate markers of platelet activation. Flow cytometry offers the discrimination of platelet subpopulations and evaluation of the activation status of platelets. This study aimed to measure platelet indices in untreated HIV infection and to evaluate their relationship with markers of immune activation and disease progression. MATERIALS AND METHODS:One hundred and eighty-five antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naïve HIV-infected and 145 HIV-negative healthy individuals were recruited. Platelet indices measured using the ADVIA 2120 platform consisted of platelet count (PLT ×10(9) /L), mean platelet volume (MPV fL), platelet distribution width (PDW%) and plateletcrit (PCT%). These were correlated with CD4 count, %CD38 on CD8+ (CD38/8) T cells, viral load, fibrinogen, D-dimers and CD31+ platelet CD62P and CD36 expression, determined using flow cytometry. RESULTS:The HIV group had decreased MPV levels [median 7.7 (7.1-8.3) vs. control group 8.4 (7.8-9.2), P < 0.0001], which correlated with PCT% (r = 0.3038, P = 0.0013), viral load (r = 0.2680, P = 0.0177) and PDW% (r = 0.2479, P = 0.0257). Additionally, the MPV correlated with CD4 count r = -0.2898, P = 0.0075. The HIV group had decreased PDW%, 49.35 (46.40-52.65) vs. control group, 53.90 (50-56.80), P = 0.0170. In addition, the PDW% showed correlations with D-dimers (r = 0.443, P = 0.03) and %CD36 (r = -0.3666, P = 0.0463). CONCLUSION:Platelet indices may offer a rapid and affordable method for monitoring platelet activation and disease progression in patients with HIV. 10.1111/ijlh.12307