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    Early integration of palliative care for outpatients with advanced cancer in general practice: how is the situation?-a cohort study. Engeser Peter,Glassman Joshua,Leutgeb Ruediger,Szecsenyi Joachim,Laux Gunter Annals of palliative medicine BACKGROUND:Compared with standard care alone, early integration of specialist palliative care in the treatment of patients with advanced cancer offers significant benefit with respect of symptom control, healthrelated quality of life and survival. The early integration of specialist palliative care means that patients receive palliative care concurrent with, or shortly after, the diagnosis of advanced cancer. METHODS:Using data from 2015 compiled from a large German statutory health insurance company (AOK Baden-Wuerttemberg) which insures 3.87 million people, we evaluated how many patients were identified with advanced metastatic cancer and at what point in time, if ever, general practitioners referred them to a specialist palliative home care team. The data were collected exclusively from general practices in the BadenWürttemberg province of Germany. Patients with advanced cancer where identified using all ICD-10 codes for cancer and the ICD-10 codes for metastases. Patients receiving care from a palliative care team were identified using the codes 01425 or 01426 of the German medical fee schedule. RESULTS:We identified 3,535 patients diagnosed with advanced cancer as having palliative care needs. 669 (18.9%) of these were referred to a specialist home care team. Of these, 302 (45.1%) where referred to a palliative care team on the day they were diagnosed but 367 (54.9%) were referred only at a later point in time. Two hundred and six (30.8%) patients had a delayed referral after 8 weeks or more and 153 (22.9%) after more than 12 weeks. CONCLUSIONS:Over half of the cancer patients in general practice who are referred for specialist palliative care are done so very late. General practitioners appear to need encouragement for the early integration of palliative care for patients with advanced cancer and to initiate early referrals to palliative care teams. 10.21037/apm-20-2377
    [Early Integration of Palliative Care - A Definition for Daily Practice]. Praxis Early Integration of Palliative Care - A Definition for Daily Practice The integration of palliative care into the treatment of patients with chronically progressive or incurable diseases can be useful early in the course of the disease. The integrative approach of disease-specific and palliative therapy can improve the quality of life of those affected. Different aspects, such as symptom relief, decision making, advance planning, network building or support for relatives can be addressed from the bio-psycho-social-spiritual perspective. The article gives an overview of the most important aspects of early integration of palliative care and shows, also with actual case reports, how integration can be managed in practice. 10.1024/1661-8157/a003791