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    Bioinformatics and Experimental Analysis of the Prognostic and Predictive Value of the CHPF Gene on Breast Cancer. Li Wan-Wan,Liu Bin,Dong Shu-Qing,He Shi-Qing,Liu Yu-Ying,Wei Si-Yu,Mou Jing-Yi,Zhang Jia-Xin,Liu Zhao Frontiers in oncology Background:Recent studies in the United States have shown that breast cancer accounts for 30% of all new cancer diagnoses in women and has become the leading cause of cancer deaths in women worldwide. Chondroitin Polymerizing Factor (CHPF), is an enzyme involved in chondroitin sulfate (CS) elongation and a novel key molecule in the poor prognosis of many cancers. However, its role in the development and progression of breast cancer remains unclear. Methods:The transcript expression of CHPF in the Cancer Genome Atlas-Breast Cancer (TCGA-BRCA), Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database was analyzed separately using the limma package of R software, and the relationship between CHPF transcriptional expression and CHPF DNA methylation was investigated in TCGA-BRCA. Kaplan-Meier curves were plotted using the Survival package to further assess the prognostic impact of CHPF DNA methylation/expression. The association between CHPF transcript expression/DNA methylation and cancer immune infiltration and immune markers was investigated using the TIMER and TISIDB databases. We also performed gene ontology (GO) annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis with the clusterProfiler package. Western blotting and RT-PCR were used to verify the protein level and mRNA level of CHPF in breast tissue and cell lines, respectively. Small interfering plasmids and lentiviral plasmids were constructed for transient and stable transfection of breast cancer cell lines MCF-7 and SUM1315, respectively, followed by proliferation-related functional assays, such as CCK8, EDU, clone formation assays; migration and invasion-related functional assays, such as wound healing assay and transwell assays. We also conducted a preliminary study of the mechanism. Results:We observed that CHPF was significantly upregulated in breast cancer tissues and correlated with poor prognosis. CHPF gene transcriptional expression and methylation are associated with immune infiltration immune markers. CHPF promotes proliferation, migration, invasion of the breast cancer cell lines MCF-7 and SUM1315, and is significantly enriched in pathways associated with the ECM-receptor interaction and PI3K-AKT pathway. Conclusion:CHPF transcriptional expression and DNA methylation correlate with immune infiltration and immune markers. Upregulation of CHPF in breast cancer promotes malignant behavior of cancer cells and is associated with poorer survival in breast cancer, possibly through ECM-receptor interactions and the PI3K-AKT pathway. 10.3389/fonc.2022.856712
    Decreased interferon regulatory factor 6 expression due to DNA hypermethylation predicts an unfavorable prognosis in clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Li Zhi,Yang Wuping,Qiu Jianhui,Xu Haozhe,Fan Bo,Li Ke,Zhou Jingcheng,Li Yuan Journal of Cancer Emerging evidences have indicated that IRF6, as a member of the Interferon regulatory factors (IRFs) family, plays important roles in a variety of tumors. However, the expression status of IRF6 and its prognostic value in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) remain unclear. In this study, we used TCGA-KIRC, GEO and TIP databases and immunohistochemistry staining to determine the expression profile, clinico-pathological features and prognostic value of IRF6 in ccRCC. MSP and demethylation analysis were utilized to verify the regulatory effect of DNA methylation on IRF6 expression. Our results found that IRF6 expression was downregulated in ccRCC tissues and cell lines, and decreased IRF6 expression was associated with worse clinicopathological features and poorer prognosis. Besides, the results of multivariate Cox regression analysis also confirmed that decreased IRF6 expression was an independently risk factor predictor of shorter Overall Survival (OS) (HR: 0.8524, 95%CI: 0.7614-0.9543, P=0.0056) and Disease Free Survival (DFS) (HR: 0.7024, 95%CI: 0.6087-0.8104, P<0.0001) in ccRCC patients. Moreover, the results of MSP and demethylation analysis validated that decreased IRF6 expression was caused by DNA hypermethylation. Furthermore, our results showed that IRF6 expression was associated with the infiltration levels of multiple immune cells in ccRCC. These findings demonstrated that IRF6 expression was significantly reduced in ccRCC and DNA hypermethylation played an important role in decreased IRF6 expression. In addition, the decrease of IRF6 was related to the unfavorable prognosis of ccRCC patients and the alterations of tumor immune cells infiltration. 10.7150/jca.62394
    DNA methylation-regulated YTHDF2 correlates with cell migration and immune cell infiltration in glioma. Aging BACKGROUND:Glioma is a lethal malignant brain tumor, it comprises about 80% of all malignant brain tumours. Mounting evidence has reported that YTHDF2 plays a significant role in the cancer progression. However, the effects of YTHDF2 on the prognosis of low-grade gliomas (LGGs) and its correlation with tumor immune infiltration are unclear. The present study was designed to determine the biological functions of YTHDF2 in glioma and to evaluate the association of YTHDF2 expression with glioma progression. METHODS:Clinical data on patients with glioma were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), the Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA), the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), as well as the Rembrandt and Gravendeel databases. The correlations among YTHDF2 expression, pathological characteristics, glioma progression and clinical outcome were evaluated. In addition, the correlation of YTHDF2 expression with immune cell infiltration was analyzed too. RESULTS:We found that YTHDF2 was significantly up-regulated in LGGs which correlated with tumor grade and poor prognosis. Interestingly, we showed that YTHDF2 expression in LGG was associated with copy number variation, DNA hypomethylation, and induced transcription factor YY1. Besides, KEGG pathway analysis shows that YTHDF2 mainly participates in the immune response and oncogenic signaling pathway. Additionally, YTHDF2 is positively associated with diverse immune cells infiltration, immune cells, and multiple immune checkpoint molecules. Finally, we confirmed that YTHDF2 was highly expressed in LGGs tissues and correlated with the tumor grade with immunohistochemistry assay. More importantly, our results demonstrated that YTHDF2 was elevated in GBM cells. Knockdown of YTHDF2 significantly inhibits the proliferation and migration of GBM cells. CONCLUSION:YTHDF2 correlates with glioma progression and immune cell infiltration, suggesting that YTHDF2 may be a useful prognostic biomarker for glioma. 10.18632/aging.204104
    SLC7A11, a Potential Therapeutic Target Through Induced Ferroptosis in Colon Adenocarcinoma. Frontiers in molecular biosciences Ferroptosis induced by SLC7A11 has an important translational value in the treatment of cancers. However, the mechanism of SLC7A11 in the pathogenesis of colon adenocarcinoma (COAD) is rarely studied in detail. SLC7A11 expression was explored with The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases, and Western blot assay. The correlation of SLC7A11 expression with the abundance of infiltrating immune cells was evaluated the TIMER database. The relation of SLC7A11 expression with immune cell markers was investigated Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA). The co-expression genes of SLC7A11 were screened by R packages, and the PPI was constructed the STRING database. SLC7A11 and co-expressed gene modulators were selected by NetworkAnalyst and DSigDB database. The correlations between SLC7A11 and cancer immune characteristics were analyzed the TIMER and TISIDB databases. SLC7A11 is overexpressed in most tumors, including COAD. The expression level of SLC7A11 has a significant correlation with the infiltration levels of CD8 T cells, neutrophils, and dendritic cells in COAD. The infiltrated lymphocyte markers of Th1 cell such as TBX21, IL12RB2, IL27RA, STAT1, and IFN-γ were strongly correlated with SLC7A11 expression. Five hub genes co-expressed with SLC7A11 that induce ferroptosis were identified, and mir-335-5p, RELA, and securinine have regulatory effects on it. SLC7A11 was negatively correlated with the expression of chemokines and chemokine receptors, such as CCL17, CCL19, CCL22, CCL23, CXCL14, CCR10, CX3CR1, and CXCR3, in COAD. SLC7A11 may play a role in induced ferroptosis and regulating tumor immunity, which can be considered as potential therapeutic targets in COAD. 10.3389/fmolb.2022.889688
    Integrative pan cancer analysis reveals the importance of CFTR in lung adenocarcinoma prognosis. Genomics Cystic fibrosis (CF) and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) mutations have been shown to be associated with the risk of a variety of cancers. However, the clinical significance of aberrant CFTR gene expression in human tumors remains unknown. The expression profiles and prognostic landscapes of CFTR in human cancers were identified from the PubMed, OVID, CNKI, TCGA, ONCOMINE, PrognoScan, and GEPIA databases. Over 11, 000 cancer samples from the literature, GEPIA database, and PrognoScan database were included in this study. In general, CFTR has various expression and prognostic profiles in cancers, but the results from cross-database and meta-analyses revealed that CFTR is a robust biomarker for LUAD prognosis. Collectively, this study suggests that CFTR is an important prognostic biomarker for LUAD survival, implying that it could be used as a prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for LUAD. 10.1016/j.ygeno.2022.110279
    Protein Disulfide-Isomerase A3 Is a Robust Prognostic Biomarker for Cancers and Predicts the Immunotherapy Response Effectively. Frontiers in immunology Background:Protein disulfide isomerase A3 (PDIA3) is a member of the protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) family that participates in protein folding through its protein disulfide isomerase function. It has been reported to regulate the progression of several cancers, but its function in cancer immunotherapy is unknown. Methods:The RNA-seq data of cancer and normal tissues were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and the Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) databases. The Cbioportal dataset was used to explore the genomic alteration information of PDIA3 in pan-cancer. Human Protein Atlas (HPA) and ComPPI websites were employed to mine the protein information of PDIA3, and western blot assay was performed to monitor the upregulated PDIA3 expression in clinical GBM samples. The univariate Cox regression and the Kaplan-Meier method were utilized to appraise the prognostic role of PDIA3 in pan-cancer. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) was applied to search the associated cancer hallmarks with PDIA3 expression. TIMER2.0 was the main platform to investigate the immune cell infiltrations related to PDIA3 in pan-cancer. The associations between PDIA3 and immunotherapy biomarkers were performed by Spearman correlation analysis. The immunoblot was used to quantify the PDIA3 expression levels, and the proliferative and invasive ability of glioma cells was determined by colony formation and transwell assays. Findings:PDIA3 is overexpressed in most cancer types and exhibits prognosis predictive ability in various cancers, and it is especially expressed in the malignant cells and monocytes/macrophages. In addition, PDIA3 is significantly correlated with immune-activated hallmarks, cancer immune cell infiltrations, and immunoregulators, and the most interesting finding is that PDIA3 could significantly predict anti-PDL1 therapy response. Besides, specific inhibitors that correlated with PDIA3 expression in different cancer types were also screened by using Connectivity Map (CMap). Finally, knockdown of PDIA3 significantly weakened the proliferative and invasive ability of glioma cells. Interpretation:The results revealed that PDIA3 acts as a robust tumor biomarker. Its function in protein disulfide linkage regulation could influence protein synthesis, degradation, and secretion, and then shapes the tumor microenvironment, which might be further applied to develop novel anticancer inhibitors. 10.3389/fimmu.2022.837512