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    A real-world, observational study of erenumab for migraine prevention in Canadian patients. Headache OBJECTIVES:To assess real-world effectiveness, safety, and usage of erenumab in Canadian patients with episodic and chronic migraine with prior ineffective prophylactic treatments. BACKGROUND:In randomized controlled trials, erenumab demonstrated efficacy for migraine prevention in patients with ≤4 prior ineffective prophylactic migraine therapies. The "Migraine prevention with AimoviG: Informative Canadian real-world study" (MAGIC) assessed real-world effectiveness of erenumab in Canadian patients with migraine. METHODS:MAGIC was a prospective open-label, observational study conducted in Canadian patients with chronic migraine (CM) and episodic migraine (EM) with two to six categories of prior ineffective prophylactic therapies. Participants were administered 70 mg or 140 mg erenumab monthly based on physician's assessment. Migraine attacks were self-assessed using an electronic diary and patient-reported outcome questionnaires. The primary outcome was the proportion of subjects achieving ≥50% reduction in monthly migraine days (MMD) after the 3-month treatment period. RESULTS:Among the 95 participants who mostly experienced two (54.7%) or three (32.6%) prior categories of ineffective prophylactic therapies and who initiated erenumab, treatment was generally safe and well tolerated; 89/95 (93.7%) participants initiated treatment with 140 mg erenumab. At week 12, 32/95 (33.7%) participants including 17/64 (26.6%) CM and 15/32 (48.4%) EM achieved ≥50% reduction in MMD while 30/86 (34.9%) participants including 19/55 (34.5%) CM and 11/31 (35.5%) EM achieved ≥50% reduction in MMD at week 24. Through patient-reported outcome questionnaires, 62/95 (65.3%) and 45/86 (52.3%) participants reported improvement of their condition at weeks 12 and 24, respectively. Physicians observed improvement in the condition of 78/95 (82.1%) and 67/86 (77.9%) participants at weeks 12 and 24, respectively. CONCLUSION:One-third of patients with EM and CM achieved ≥50% MMD reduction after 3 months of erenumab treatment. This study provides real-world evidence of erenumab effectiveness, safety, and usage for migraine prevention in adult Canadian patients with multiple prior ineffective prophylactic treatments. 10.1111/head.14291
    Overall survival in the real-world and clinical trials: a case study validating external controls in advanced melanoma. Signorovitch James,Moshyk Andriy,Zhao Jing,Le Trong Kim,Burns Leah,Gooden Kyna,Hamilton Melissa Future oncology (London, England) We assessed the suitability of real-world data (RWD) as an external control for analysis of overall survival (OS) compared with clinical trial data (CTD) in advanced melanoma. OS among adults receiving ipilimumab for advanced melanoma was compared between trials (CTD group) and the Flatiron Health database (RWD group) using Cox models. Adjusted analyses accounted for differences in baseline factors; missing data were addressed through multiple imputation. After adjusting for baseline factors and accounting for missingness, OS was similar in the CTD (n = 241) versus RWD groups (n = 816; hazard ratio: 0.98; 95% CI: 0.75-1.26). Flatiron Health data is suitable to construct external control groups for OS in advanced melanoma trials after adjusting for baseline factors and missing data. 10.2217/fon-2021-1054