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    Prenatal Symptom Cluster of Psychopathology and Associations With Mindfulness and Rumination: A Network Analysis. The Journal of nervous and mental disease ABSTRACT:The present study aimed to examine the interrelationships of prenatal psychopathology (specifically symptom cluster), dispositional mindfulness, and rumination using network analysis. Network analysis estimates the links between symptoms and can evaluate the presence and strength of the links. A total of 1122 pregnant women were recruited from a tertiary hospital in China. Psychopathology symptoms (including anxiety, depression, stress, fatigue, sleep, fear of childbirth [FOC], and memory problems) were assessed and used along with mindfulness and rumination to construct networks of association using R. Results illustrated five communities within the network. Anxiety resulted in the highest strength of centrality followed by two symptoms: FOC and retrospective memory. Paths showed that mindfulness was directly connected to depression, prospective memory, retrospective memory, and lack of positive anticipation in FOC, whereas mindfulness was connected indirectly through rumination to anxiety, fatigue, stress, and sleep problems. The findings reinforce that anxiety is a key symptom of prenatal psychopathology and requires priority consideration. The direct associations between mindfulness and prenatal psychopathology symptoms provide potential targets for future mindfulness-based interventions, and mindfulness reducing rumination thus in turn decrease anxiety, suggesting potential mediating mechanism of mindfulness. 10.1097/NMD.0000000000001485