Clinical and Radiological Comparison of Hybrid Surgery and Fusion Application with Peek Cage in Patients Undergoing Three-Level Anterior Cervical Discectomy.
Indian journal of orthopaedics
Objective:In this study, we aimed to compare patients with degenerative cervical disc herniation (CDH) who had undergone three-level anterior cervical discectomy (ACD) and fusion with a peek cage supported by synthetic bone graft in all levels to the cases with CDH with hybrid surgery (HS) regarding their radiological findings and surgical results. Materials and Methods:The patients who had undergone three-level ACD were evaluated retrospectively. The cases who were followed up for 2 years and longer were evaluated regarding gender, age, radiological findings, and patient satisfaction. A radiological assessment was made by calculating the Cobb angle on lateral cervical radiographs. Clinical assessment was performed by the Neck Disability Index (NDI). Results:In the first group, 13 patients had undergone ACD and fusion with peek cage and bone graft, and in the hybrid group, there were 11 patients in whom fusion with peek cage and bone graft were made in two levels, and cervical disc arthroplasty was performed throughout the distance in-between. In the hybrid group, the 1-month and 24-month changes in cervical range of motion in hyperflexion were statistically significant ( < 0.05). In both groups, significant improvements of NDI were determined postoperatively ( < 0.05). When the groups were compared, the 1-month and 24-month improvements were statistically significantly increased in the hybrid surgery group compared to the group that underwent fusion surgery with a cage ( < 0.05). Conclusions:HS is a reliable and effective treatment method in the three-level cervical disk disease for preserving and improving cervical ROM, particularly in the flexion position.
Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion versus hybrid surgery in multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy: A meta-analysis.
Zhao Chun-Ming,Chen Qian,Zhang Yu,Huang Ai-Bing,Ding Wen-Yuan,Zhang Wei
OBJECTIVE:A meta-analysis was performed to compare the radiographic and surgical outcomes between anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and hybrid surgery (HS, corpectomy combined with discectomy) in the treatment for multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy (mCSM). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:Both ACDF and HS are used to treat mCSM, however, which one is better treatment for mCSM remains considerable controversy. METHODS:An extensive search of literature was searched in PubMed/Medline, Embase, the Cochrane library, CNKI, and WANFANG databases on ACDF versus HS treating mCSM from January 2011 to December 2017. The following variables were extracted: blood loss, operation time, fusion rate, Cobb angles of C2-C7, total complications, dysphagia, hoarseness, C5 palsy, infection, cerebral fluid leakage, epidural hematoma, and graft subsidence. Data analysis was conducted with RevMan 5.3 and STATA 12.0. RESULTS:A total of 4 studies including 669 patients were included in our study. The pooled analysis showed that there were no significant difference in the operation time, fusion rate, Cobb angles of C2-C7, dysphagia, hoarseness, C5 palsy, infection, cerebral fluid leakage, epidural hematoma, and graft subsidence. However, there were significant difference between 2 groups in blood loss [P < .00001, SMD = -30.29 (-45.06, -15.52); heterogeneity: P = .38, I = 0%= and total complications [P = .04, OR = 0.66 95%CI (0.44, 0.98); heterogeneity: P = .37, I = 4%]. CONCLUSIONS:Based on our meta-analysis, except for blood loss and total complications, both ACDF and hybrid surgery are effective options for the treatment of multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy.
Hybrid decompression and reconstruction technique for cervical spondylotic myelopathy: case series and review of the literature.
Ryu Won Hyung A,Platt Andrew,Deutsch Harel
Journal of spine surgery (Hong Kong)
The primary treatment of choice for patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is surgical decompression. The benefit of operative intervention has been well established but, the surgeons' decision of operative approach remains nuanced based on patient-specific variables and surgeon preference. Decompression can involve a cervical corpectomy or a discectomy. A hybrid construct is when both a cervical corpectomy and a discectomy are done in the same patient. The purpose of this study was to review the evidence on the clinical and biomechanical outcomes of hybrid decompression and reconstruction techniques in patients with multilevel CSM. A retrospective study was performed on consecutive patients who received hybrid anterior decompression and reconstruction at Rush University between 2013-2018. Preoperative clinical and radiographic variables were analyzed to characterize specific factors leading to the decision of the surgical approach. In addition, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess superiority in terms of operative time, blood loss, cervical lordosis, patient-reported outcomes (PRO), fusion rates, and complications. Hybrid surgery (HS) was utilized in cases where multilevel CSM was present in conjunction with stenosis posterior to the vertebral body or acute kyphotic deformity. Our meta-analysis highlighted comparable PRO, complications, and rate of success fusion between 3-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and hybrid technique. Furthermore, hybrid fusion led to increased postoperative cervical lordosis, higher fusion rate, lower total complication rate, lower implant failure/mesh subsidence rate, and lower blood loss than 2-level corpectomy. The cervical hybrid technique that combines cervical corpectomy and discectomy represents a balanced option with the benefits of two commonly utilized cervical spine procedures in patients with multilevel CSM. The literature on hybrid technique suggests in cases where multilevel ACDF is not feasible, combining discectomy and corpectomy is superior to two-level corpectomy with lower complication rates, improved clinical outcome, spinal alignment correction, and stronger biomechanical properties.