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    Structure identification of a polysaccharide purified from Lycium barbarium fruit. Yuan Yunfei,Wang Yan-Bo,Jiang Yueming,Prasad K Nagendra,Yang Jiali,Qu Hongxia,Wang Ying,Jia Yongxia,Mo Hui,Yang Bao International journal of biological macromolecules The water-soluble bioactive polysaccharides can contribute to the health benefits of Lycium barbarium fruit. However, the structure characteristics of these polysaccharides remain unclear yet. An important polysaccharide (LBPA) was isolated and purified from L. barbarium in this work. It was identified by chemical and spectroscopic methods as arabinogalactan with β-d-(1→6)-galactan as backbone, which was different to any reported polysaccharides from this species before. This arabinogalactan was comprised of Araf, Galp, GlcpA and Rhap with a molar ratio of 9.2:6.6:1.0:0.9. The side chains, including α-l-Araf-(1→, α-l-Araf-(1→5)-α-l-Araf-(1→, β-l-Araf-(1→5)-α-l-Araf-(1→ and α-l-Rhap-(1→4)-β-d-GlcpA-(1→6)-β-d-Galp-(1→, were linked to β-d-(1→6)-galactan at O-3. The putative structure was drawn as below. The molecular weight was determined to be 470,000g/mol by gel permeation chromatography. 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2015.10.069
    Isolation of an anti-complementary polysaccharide from the root of Bupleurum chinense and identification of its targets in complement activation cascade. DI Hong-Ye,Zhang Yun-Yi,Chen Dao-Feng Chinese journal of natural medicines AIM:To isolate and characterize the anti-complementary polysaccharide from the root of Bupleurum chinense. METHODS:Bioactivity-guided fractionation and purification was used to obtain the anti-complementary polysaccharide from the hot-water extract of the root of Bupleurum chinense. The polysaccharide was characterized by various chemical and spectral analyses. The anti-complementary activities were evaluated by hemolytic assay in vitro. The action targets were identified in the system with individual complement-depleted sera. RESULTS:A homogeneous polysaccharide BC-PS2 was isolated as an anti-complementary agent. It was identified as a branched polysaccharide with an average molecular weight about 2 000 KDa, composed of Glc, Ara, Gal, and Man in the ratio 3.5 : 2.4 : 2.0 : 1.0, respectively, along with a trace of Rha and Xyl, and only 1.11% of protein. The main linkages of the residues of BC-PS2 include terminal, 1, 6-linked, 1, 3-linked and 1, 3, 6-linked Glcp, terminal and 1, 5-linked Araf, terminal, 1, 4-linked, 1, 6-linked and 1, 4, 6-linked Galp, terminal, and, 1, 4-linked and 1, 4, 6-linked Manp. The bioassay experiments revealed that BC-PS2 inhibited complement activation on both the classical and alternative pathways, with CH50 and AP50 of (0.222 ± 0.013) and (0.356 ± 0.032) mg·mL(-1), respectively. Preliminary mechanism studies indicated that BC-PS2 interacted with C1q, C2, and C9 components. CONCLUSION:The results demonstrated that BC-PS2 is an anti-complementary polysaccharide, and should be important constituent of the root of Bupleurum chinense for its application in the treatment of diseases associated with the excessive activation of complement system. 10.1016/S1875-5364(13)60046-1
    A novel glycosaminoglycan-like polysaccharide from abalone Haliotis discus hannai Ino: purification, structure identification and anticoagulant activity. Li Guoyun,Chen Shiguo,Wang Yuming,Xue Yong,Chang Yaoguang,Li Zhaojie,Wang Jingfeng,Xue Changhu International journal of biological macromolecules A novel glycosaminoglycan-like sulfated polysaccharide (AAP) from the pleopods of Haliotis discus hannai Ino was purified by DEAE ion exchange chromatography followed with S-300 HR geltrion chromatography. Chemical composition analysis indicated that AAP was composed of galactosamine, glucuronic acid, fucose, galactose with a ratio of 2.14:2.37:2.94:1, the content of sulfate was 15.5%. The average molecular weight (M(w)) was 56.2 kDa in a TSK G4000 column. Further IR, 1D, 2D NMR spectroscopic analysis of the correlation signals of different sugar units gave a proposal repeating structure, as follows: [chemical structure: see the text] In vitro anticoagulant assay indicated AAP prolonged both the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and thrombin time (TT), with a 22.5 U/mg and 72.0 U/mg compared with standard heparin, respectively. The anticoagulant property of AAP was mainly attributed to powerful potentiation thrombin by anti-thrombin III. 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2011.09.017
    Fourier-transform infrared imaging and multivariate analysis for direct identification of principal polysaccharides in brown seaweeds. Beratto-Ramos Angelo,Agurto-Muñoz Cristian,Pablo Vargas-Montalba Juan,Castillo Rosario Del P Carbohydrate polymers The current hydrocolloid industry requires new techniques for biomass characterization, which can quickly and ecologically characterize contained sugars. This work proposes the use of Fourier Transform Infrared microspectroscopy in combination with multivariate methods, to localize and identify the main carbohydrates and other components present in fresh brown seaweeds, avoiding time-consuming samples pre-treatments. Infrared images of Macrocystis pyrifera samples were analyzed by Multivariate Curve Resolution-Alternating Least Squares (MCR-ALS) and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) as chemometrics techniques to identify the compounds. MCR-ALS was the best strategy, delivering pure spectra of chemical compound that PCA did not. The carbohydrates identified by this method were 1-3-β-glucans divided into endofibers and laminarin; two types of fucoidans (rich in fucose or mannuronic acid), alginate and mannitol, besides other compounds such as proteins. This technique represents an opportunity for the hydrocolloid industry for a modern, rapid and environmentally-friendly characterization of macroalgal biomass to enhance its use. 10.1016/j.carbpol.2019.115561