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    Closure of Choledochotomy With a Barbed Absorbable Suture After Laparoscopic Common Bile Duct Exploration. Zhu Jisheng,Zhang Yang,Gong Jiewen,Xiao Weidong,Li Yong The American surgeon 10.1177/0003134820982861
    Barbed sutures versus conventional sutures for uterine closure at cesarean section; a randomized controlled trial. Zayed Mohamed A,Fouda Usama M,Elsetohy Khaled A,Zayed Shereef M,Hashem Ahmed T,Youssef Mohamed A The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians INTRODUCTION:The aim of this randomized control trial was to compare the operative data and the early postoperative outcomes of cesarean sections in which the uterine incision was closed with a barbed suture (STRATAFIX™ Spiral PDO Knotless Tissue Control Device, SXPD2B405, Ethicon Inc.) with those of cesarean sections in which the uterine incision was closed with a conventional smooth suture (VICRYL; Ethicon Inc.). MATERIALS AND METHODS:One hundred pregnant patients were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to the Stratafix group or the Vicryl group. The uterine incision was closed by two layers of sutures in both groups. In the Vicryl group, the first layer was continuous and the second layer was interrupted. In the Stratafix group, both layers were continuous. RESULTS:The uterine closure time was significantly lower in the Stratafix group (224 ± 46 versus 343 ± 75 s, p < .001). Operative time was comparable between both groups. Twelve patients in the Vicryl group and two patients in the Stratafix group required additional sutures to achieve hemostasis (p value = .009). The mean blood loss during closure of uterine incision and mean hospital stay were lower in the Stratafix group but these differences failed to reach statistical significance. CONCLUSION:The use of barbed suture for uterine incision closure at cesarean section is associated with shorter uterine closure time and similar early perioperative complications compared with conventional smooth suture. The difference between both groups in the technique of suturing the second layer of the uterine incision may be the cause of the reduction in the uterine closure time and the need for additional sutures to achieve hemostasis during suturing the uterine incision with a barbed suture. Further, well designed randomized controlled trials should be conducted to investigate the association between the type of suture (barbed or conventional smooth) and remote complications of cesarean section (infertility, pelvic pain, abnormal placentation and rupture uterus). 10.1080/14767058.2017.1388368
    A symmetric anchor designed barbed suture versus conventional interrupted sutures in total knee arthroplasty: A multicenter, randomized controlled trial. Wang Wei,Yan Shigui,Liu Feng,Chai Wei,Zuo Jianlin,Xiao Jun,Niels-Derrek Schmitz,Zhu Qing,Sanghita Bhattacharya,Bogdan Ilie,Wang Kunzheng Journal of orthopaedic surgery (Hong Kong) OBJECTIVE:This randomized controlled study was designed to compare the wound closure efficacy and safety of barbed suture in comparison to the conventional interrupted suture for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS:This multicenter, single-blind, randomized controlled trial enrolled 184 patients who underwent elective TKA between June 2017 and April 2018. The subjects were randomized between two groups. Surgical incision closure time was considered as the primary end point. RESULTS:A total of 184 patients participated in this randomized controlled trial; 91 patients had wound closure that involved barbed suture and 93 patients underwent conventional treatment-that is interrupted suturing with nonbarbed sutures. The surgical incision closure time was shorter ( < 0.0001) in the barbed suture group compared with the control group (15.5 ± 4.88 vs. 20.9 ± 6.30 min). However, both groups were found to be equal in terms of the rate of postoperative complications. CONCLUSION:Usage of the symmetric anchor designed barbed suture is safe, efficacious, and demonstrates a decrease in surgical incision closure time in patients undergoing TKA compared to interrupted closure using conventional sutures. Future studies are warranted to demonstrate clinical and economic benefits of barbed sutures. 10.1177/2309499020965681
    Use of barbed sutures in robotic bariatric bypass surgery: a single-center case series. Beckmann Jan Henrik,Kersebaum Jan-Niclas,von Schönfels Witigo,Becker Thomas,Schafmayer Clemens,Egberts Jan Hendrik BMC surgery BACKGROUND:Surgical robots are increasingly being used in bariatric surgery. While several studies describe the safety of using barbed sutures in laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery, no reports are available for robotic bariatric procedures. The aim of our article is to determine whether barbed sutures can be used safely in robotic Roux-en-Y bypass (RYGB) surgery. METHODS:This was a single-center, single-surgeon case series of RYGB procedures using the da Vinci® Xi Surgical System (Intuitive Surgery, Sunnyvale, CA, USA) in combination with the use of barbed sutures (Stratafix, Ethicon, Johnson & Johnson, Cincinnati, OH, USA). RESULTS:Fifty robotic proximal and distal RYGB surgeries were performed. A linear stapled, side-to-side gastrojejunostomy was carried out, whereby the enterotomy was completed with a running resorbable unidirectional barbed suture, Stratafix 2-0. In one case after robotic proximal RYGB, revision surgery was required due to omentum necrosis. Another patient was readmitted due to gastrointestinal bleeding from anastomosis. No anastomotic insufficiencies, no stenoses, or higher-grade complications according to Clavien-Dindo 4a-5 were found. CONCLUSIONS:We found that the use of self-fixing barbed sutures in robotic RYGB is safe. The self-fixing suture enables the robotic surgeon to perform a simple continuous suture without the need for recurrent retraction. Although we are the first to report this procedure, we had a low number of cases and no control group; thus, further studies with a higher level of evidence are required. 10.1186/s12893-019-0563-z
    The Hand-sewn Anastomosis with an Absorbable Bidirectional Monofilament Barbed Suture Stratafix® During Laparoscopic One Anastomosis Loop Gastric Bypass. Retrospective Study in 50 Patients. Blanc Pierre,Lointier Patrice,Breton Christophe,Debs Tarek,Kassir Radwan Obesity surgery BACKGROUND:Laparoscopic One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass (LOAGB) is one of the main bariatric procedures that require a safe and reproducible gastrojejunal anastomosis. Barbed suture has been widely used for surgery in recent years; however, few studies have reported their use for gastro-intestinal anastomosis. We proposed their use for totally hand-sewn anastomosis during LOAGB. OBJECTIVES:The objective of this study is to evaluate the risk of leaks and stenosis after a hand-sewn anastomosis using an absorbable bidirectional monofilament barbed suture: Stratafix®. SETTING:The study was done in a private practice setting. METHODS:Between April and November 2014, 50 consecutive patients undergoing a hand-sewn antecolic, antegastric gastrojejunal anastomosis (GJA) using Stratafix®. Pre, intra, and postoperative parameters were assessed for these patients. RESULTS:No fistulas or anastomotic stenosis had occurred up to 6 months after surgery. All procedures were completed laparoscopically, and no intraoperative complications occurred. The mean length of hospital stay was 3 days. CONCLUSION:The use of an absorbable bidirectional monofilament barbed suture for the GJA was safe. Further prospective studies with a higher number of patients are needed to address the safety and efficacy of the absorbable bidirectional monofilament barbed suture in bariatric surgery. 10.1007/s11695-015-1921-2
    Two-port robotic sleeve lobectomy using Stratafix sutures for central lung tumors. Thoracic cancer OBJECTIVES:To explore the feasibility of two-port robotic sleeve lobectomy using Stratafix sutures for central lung tumors, and to summarize the surgical techniques and clinical outcomes. METHODS:We retrospectively evaluated 15 consecutive patients who underwent robotic bronchial sleeve lobectomy, performed by a single surgeon between March 2021 and September 2021. A half-continuous suture technique with two Stratafix sutures was used for bronchial anastomosis. The operative techniques and outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS:Complete resection was achieved in all patients undergoing different types of robotic bronchial sleeve lobectomy. There were no conversions to thoracotomy. The mean duration of surgery was 102.35 ± 46.31 min, mean time for bronchial anastomosis was 25.8 ± 15.2 min, mean blood loss was 64.71 ± 38.59 ml, and mean postoperative hospital stay was 4.76 ± 2.54 days. There was no death on follow-up within 90 days after surgery. CONCLUSIONS:Two-port robotic bronchial sleeve lobectomy and the novel anastomotic technique are both feasible and safe for selected patients. 10.1111/1759-7714.14412
    Comparing outcomes between barbed and conventional sutures in patients undergoing knee or hip arthroplasty. Sutton Nadia,Schmitz Niels-Derrek,Johnston Stephen S Journal of comparative effectiveness research AIM:To compare outcomes between barbed sutures and conventional sutures among patients undergoing knee or hip arthroplasty. MATERIALS & METHODS:Retrospective study of patients (aged ≥18 years) undergoing elective knee/hip arthroplasty for osteoarthritis between 1 January 2013 and 1 September 2015. Patients were classified as: any Stratafix™ Knotless Tissue Control Devices (barbed suture group) used for closure vs. conventional sutures only (conventional suture group). RESULTS:Compared with the conventional suture group, the barbed suture group had statistically significant: shorter length of stay, knee = 0.2 d; hip = 0.3 d and operating room time, knee = 7 min; hip = 22 min and lower rate of discharge to skilled nursing facility/nonhome setting (knee = 3.0%; hip = 6.8%). CONCLUSION:Use of barbed sutures was associated with shorter length of stay, operating room time and less resource intensive discharge status as compared with conventional sutures alone. 10.2217/cer-2018-0047
    Simple dural closure using a knotless barbed suture in endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery: preliminary experience. Cong Zixiang,Wang Handong,Ma Chiyuan Acta oto-laryngologica Several literatures reported that suturing dura was reliable in preventing cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak in transsphenoidal surgery. However, suturing and knotting is technically challenging and time consuming in the transsphenoidal approach. To simplify the dural suturing procedure, a preliminary study of barbed suturing in endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery was introduced. We retrospectively reviewed the patients underwent dural closure using knotless suturing after endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery from August 2015 to September 2018. In the cases of no or low-flow CSF leak (Kelly's classification grade 0-2), the dura was sutured to restore anatomic structure and prevent postoperative CSF leak. In the cases of high-flow CSF leak (Kelly's classification grade 3), multilayered reconstruction including dural suturing was performed. The suturing time, intra- and postoperative CSF leak were recorded. Thirty-three patients underwent dural barbed suturing. The mean suturing time was about 10 min. Intraoperative CSF leak was encountered in 16 patients, including 7 patients with grade 1 CSF leak, 5 patients with grade 2 CSF leak and 4 patients with grade 3 CSF leak. No one developed into postoperative CSF leak. Dural closure using a barbed suture is a simply and reliable technique. 10.1080/00016489.2019.1668570
    Comparison between bidirectional Stratafix barbed suture and conventional suture in laparoscopic myomectomy: a retrospective study. Nakayama Kentaro,Razia Sultana,Ishikawa Masako,Yamashita Hitomi,Ishibashi Tomoka,Sasamori Hiroki,Sawada Kiyoka,Kurose Sonomi,Sato Seiya,Kyo Satoru BMC women's health BACKGROUND:Laparoscopic myomectomy (LM) is one of the techniques feasible for the treatment of intramural myoma. This technique is reported to be difficult when large fibroids are involved because of excessive blood loss during surgery. Skillful and fast suturing appears to be associated with reduced blood loss during LM. In this study we compared the surgical outcomes of using bidirectional Stratafix® barbed suture versus conventional suture during LM. METHODS:This retrospective study included all patients who underwent LM for the treatment of intramural myoma in our institution between 2015 and 2020. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the technique of suturing during LM: Group 1 comprised patients in whom Stratafix® barbed suture was used (n = 29), and group 2 comprised those in whom conventional suture was used (n = 15). Data of patient age, myoma size, the number of myoma nodes, hemoglobin levels, total operation time, total suturing time, and blood loss during surgery were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS:No significant differences in age (p = 0.463) or myoma size (P = 0.373) were observed between the 2 groups. Operation time (P = 0.0104), suturing time (P = 0.007), and blood loss (P = 0.0375) during surgery were significantly less with Stratafix® barbed suture than with conventional suture. No patient required intraoperative transfusion or conversion to laparotomy. CONCLUSION:The use of bidirectional barbed suture reduces operation time, suturing time, and blood loss. As these new sutures have barbs, no knot-tying is required; thus, continuous suturing becomes very simple and maintaining hemostasis is easy. Unskilled gynecological surgeons who apply this suture technique can also perform LM easily. As the bidirectional barbed suture has multiple points of fixation, this suture technique can reapproximate tissue securely, which reduces the chances of reoperation because of proper suture knotting. Therefore, bidirectional Stratafix® barbed sutures could be an optimal and efficient alternative to conventional sutures for use by gynecological surgeons in Japan. 10.1186/s12905-020-01030-5
    The impact of novel anchored barbed suture for capsular closure on hospital length of stay after total knee arthroplasty: a retrospective cohort study. BMC musculoskeletal disorders OBJECTIVE:The aim was to evaluate whether using novel anchored barded suture for capsular closure can further shorten the length of stay following primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) within existed enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol in osteoarthritis patients. METHODS:A retrospective cohort study was conducted among osteoarthritis patients aged 18 to 80 years without major comorbidities who underwent primary unilateral TKA between January 2018 and December 2019 was conducted. The capsular closure techniques, interventions for ERAS, operation time and length of stay were collected via hospital electronic information system. Propensity-score matching was used to compensate for the difference in interventions for ERAS and patient characteristics. Subgroup comparison of patients treated under normal ERAS protocol was performed. RESULTS:Included were 315 patients with capsular closure by barded suture and 397 patients with interrupted capsular closure by traditional suture. Patients' characteristics and interventions for ERAS were balanced after propensity-score matching. The average postoperative length of stay in barded suture group was shorter than the compared group (2.10 ± 0.57 vs. 2.33 ± 0.80 days, p = 0.004), and with a significantly higher proportion of patients discharging within 2 days post procedure (88.0% vs. 70.7%, p < 0.001). The operation time for patients with barded suture closure was shorter compared to interrupted closure technique (100.90 ± 16.59 vs. 105.52 ± 18.47 min, p = 0.004). Subgroup analysis of patients treated under different levels ERAS protocol showed comparable results. CONCLUSION:The use of barded suture for capsular closure was associated with shorter length of stay after TKA compared to traditional suture, suggesting that barded suturing technique could be one effective intervention for ERAS. 10.1186/s12891-022-05292-y
    Evaluation of three methods of suture for skin closure in total knee arthroplasty: a randomized trial. Vieira Rodrigo Barreiros,Waldolato Gustavo,Fernandes João Sequeira,de Carvalho Thiago Gontijo,Moreira Pedro Augusto Maciel,Moreira Guilherme Barbosa,Vieira Jorge Suman BMC musculoskeletal disorders BACKGROUND:There are several studies comparing techniques and different materials, yet the results are not unanimous. We compared three methods of skin closure in total knee arthroplasty (TKA), including suture with single stitches and unabsorbable MonoNylon®, as well as continuous subcuticular suture with Monocryl® or barbed Stratafix® absorbable suture. METHODS:A prospective, randomized study was conducted with 63 patients undergoing TKA between March 2016 and December 2016. Patients were divided into three groups: traditional suture MonoNylon® (n 22), subcuticular continuous suture with Monocryl® (n 20), and another barbed with Stratafix® (n 21). The closure time, length of wire used, pain intensity, possible complications, and cosmeses were evaluated. RESULTS:Subcuticular continuous suture using Monocryl® was superior to traditional suture using MonoNylon® as less thread was used (p 0.01) and a better cosmetic effect was achieved (p < 0.01), which was equal to Stratafix® aspects analyzed (p > 0.05). Complications were observed mostly in patients who used Stratafix®. CONCLUSIONS:This study concluded that the subcuticular suture with absorbable monofilament Monocryl® proved to be advantageous compared to the others because it presented results equal to the barbed Stratafix®, however with fewer complications. Furthermore, Monocryl® was shown to be equal or superior to traditional MonoNylon® suture regarding in relation pain intensity, aesthetic result, and effective cost. TRIAL REGISTRATION:WHO ICTRP identifier RBR78dh5d. Retrospectively registered: 07/29/2020. 10.1186/s12891-021-04627-5
    Incisional Surgical Site Infection after Abdominal Fascial Closure with Triclosan-Coated Barbed Suture vs Triclosan-Coated Polydioxanone Loop Suture vs Polydioxanone Loop Suture in Emergent Abdominal Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Ruiz-Tovar Jaime,Llavero Carolina,Jimenez-Fuertes Montiel,Duran Manuel,Perez-Lopez Mercedes,Garcia-Marin Andres Journal of the American College of Surgeons BACKGROUND:Triclosan-coated sutures have been shown to reduce surgical-site infection (SSI) in emergent operation for fecal peritonitis. Barbed sutures provoke a homogeneous distribution of tension throughout the suture, implying better blood supply to the wound edges and healing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect, on SSI and evisceration, of using triclosan-coated and barbed sutures for fascial closure in patients undergoing emergent surgery. STUDY DESIGN:A prospective, randomized clinical trial was performed. Patients were randomized into 3 groups: those undergoing aponeurotic closure with triclosan-coated barbed suture (Stratafix Symmetric [Johnson & Johnson]), patients undergoing closure with triclosan-coated polydioxanone loop suture (PDS plus [Johnson & Johnson]), and patients undergoing closure with polydioxanone loop suture (PDS [Johnson & Johnson]). Primary investigated outcomes were SSI and evisceration rates during a follow-up period of 30 days. The primary analysis plan was based on a per-protocol approach. RESULTS:Incisional SSI was 6.4% (3 of 47) in the Stratafix Symmetric group, 8.9% (4 of 45) in the PDS plus group, and 23.4% (11 of 47) in PDS group (p = 0.03). The evisceration rate was 0% in Stratafix Symmetric, 8.9% (4 of 45) in PDS plus, and 12.8% (6 of 47) in PDS (p = 0.05). Median hospital stay was 4 days (range 2 to 14 days) in Stratafix Symmetric, 5 days (range 2 to 21 days) in PDS plus, and 8 days (range 2 to 60 days) in PDS (p = 0.012). The use of triclosan-coated sutures (Stratafix Symmetric and PDS plus) was associated with a lower risk of incisional SSI (p = 0.009), and the use of barbed suture was associated with a lower risk of evisceration (p = 0.019). Comparing Stratafix Symmetric with PDS plus, there were no significant differences in SSIs, but the evisceration rate was significantly higher in the PDS plus group (p = 0.036). CONCLUSIONS:The use of triclosan-coated sutures (Stratafix Symmetric and PDS plus) in emergent surgery reduces the incidence of incisional SSIs. The use of barbed sutures reduces the incidence of evisceration. 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2020.02.031
    Primary closure with knotless barbed suture versus traditional T-tube drainage after laparoscopic common bile duct exploration: a single-center medium-term experience. Zhou Huijiang,Wang Shuai,Fan Fuxiang,Peng Jingfeng The Journal of international medical research 10.1177/0300060519878087
    A randomized clinical trial of knotless barbed suture vs conventional suture for closure of the uterine incision at cesarean delivery. Peleg David,Ahmad Ronan Said,Warsof Steven L,Marcus-Braun Naama,Sciaky-Tamir Yael,Ben Shachar Inbar American journal of obstetrics and gynecology BACKGROUND:Knotless barbed sutures are monofilament sutures with barbs cut into them. These sutures self-anchor, maintaining tissue approximation without the need for surgical knots. OBJECTIVE:The hypothesis of this study was that knotless barbed suture could be used on the myometrium to close the hysterotomy at cesarean delivery. The objective was to compare uterine closure time, need for additional sutures, and blood loss between this and a conventional suture. STUDY DESIGN:This was a prospective, unblinded, randomized controlled trial conducted at the Ziv Medical Center, Zefat, Israel. The primary outcome was the length of time needed to close the uterine incision, which was measured from the start of the first suture on the uterus until obtaining uterine hemostasis. To minimize provider bias, women were randomized by sealed envelopes that were opened in the operating room just prior to uterine closure with either a bidirectional knotless barbed suture or conventional suture. Secondary outcomes included the number of additional hemostatic sutures needed and blood loss during incision closure. RESULTS:Patients were enrolled from August 2016 until March 2017. One hundred two women were randomized. Fifty-one had uterine closure with knotless barbed suture and 51 with conventional suture. The groups were similar for demographics as well as number of previous cesarean deliveries. Uterine closure time using the knotless barbed suture was significantly shorter than the conventional suture by a mean of 1 minute 43 seconds (P < .001, 95% confidence interval, 67.69-138.47 seconds). Knotless barbed sutures were associated with a lower need for hemostatic sutures (median 0 vs 1, P < .001), and blood loss measured during incision closure was significantly lower (mean 221 mL vs 268 mL, P < .005). CONCLUSION:The use of a knotless barbed suture is a reasonable alternative to conventional sutures because it reduced the closure time of the uterine incision. There was also less need for additional hemostatic sutures and slightly reduced estimated blood loss. 10.1016/j.ajog.2018.01.043
    Comparison on the Efficacy of Three Duct Closure Methods after Laparoscopic Common Bile Duct Exploration for Choledocholithiasis. Qin Ancheng,Wu Jianwu,Qiao Zhiming,Zhai Min,Lu Yijie,Huang Bo,Jiang Xinwei,Lu Xingsheng Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research BACKGROUND Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) is currently the best approach for complex cases of choledocholithiasis or the cases of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) failure. Nevertheless, there is no clear consensus on the optimal duct closure method after LCBDE. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of 3 duct closure methods after LCBDE for choledocholithiasis. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this analysis, 189 patients with choledocholithiasis underwent LCBDE between June 2014 and December 2018. According to different duct closure methods, these patients were divided into T-tube drainage (TTD) group (n=66), common suture group (n=64) and barbed suture group (n=59). The operation time, suturing time, amount of intraoperative bleeding, tube-carried time, length of stay (LOS), hospitalization costs, pre- and post-operative common bile duct (CBD) diameters were all compared among the 3 groups. Six months after discharge, the incidence of complications and recurrent stones was observed. RESULTS The operation time, suturing time, and amount of intraoperative bleeding in barbed suture group were both significantly less than those in the common suture group and the TTD group (P<0.01). When compared with the TTD group, the suturing time, tube-carried time, and LOS were decreased markedly in the common suture group and the barbed suture group (P<0.01). The post-operative CBD diameters in the 3 groups were all significantly larger than the pre-operative CBD diameters (P<0.01). There was no statistical significance among the 3 groups regarding the incidence of complications and recurrent stones (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS Barbed suture shortened the suturing time, operation time, tube-carried time, and LOS, and lessened the amount of intraoperative bleeding in patients with choledocholithiasis after LCBDE. It was more effective than the common suture and TTD. 10.12659/MSM.918743
    The efficacy of bidirectional barbed sutures for incision closure in total knee replacement: A protocol of randomized controlled trial. Ye Zijian,Zhu Wengang,Xi Xinhua,Wu Qiang Medicine BACKGROUND:Barbed suture is a novel type of suture introduced in different surgical specialties. Nevertheless, its effect in total knee replacement is still unclear in terms of wound complications and cost effectiveness. The purpose of the present work is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of bidirectional barbed suture in reducing postoperative wound complications in the patients undergoing total knee replacement. METHODS:This prospective, randomized, and controlled study was performed from January 2017 to December 2018. It was authorized via institutional review committee of Yuebei People's Hospital (GDYB1002189). Hundred participants were divided randomly into 2 groups, namely, control group (n = 50) and the study group (n = 50), respectively. All operations were performed using the Miller-Galante prosthesis (Zimmer; Warsaw, IN). For study groups, the joint capsule (Stratafix1-0) and subcutaneous (Stratafix2-0) and intracutaneous (Stratafix3-0) tissues were sutured by a bidirectional barbed suture. At the end, extra 4 to 5 stitches were made to avoid detachment and incision rupture. For control group: the joint capsule was sutured by a traditional absorbable suture (Ethicon VICRYL* Plus 1-0), and the subcutaneous tissue was sutured by an absorbable suture (Ethicon VICRYL* Plus 2-0). The skin was sutured by staples. Incision length, suture time, operation time, postoperative length of hospital stay, and incision complications (such as effusion, infection, hematoma, and skin necrosis) were recorded. All data analyses are implemented through utilizing SPSS for Windows Version 20.0. RESULTS:The results will be shown in Table 1. CONCLUSION:This study can reach a reliable evidence for utilizing bidirectional barbed suture in wound closure in total knee replacement. TRIAL REGISTRATION:This study protocol was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5823). 10.1097/MD.0000000000021867
    Real-World Outcomes of Patients Undergoing Open Colorectal Surgery with Wound Closure Incorporating Triclosan-Coated Barbed Sutures: A Multi-Institution, Retrospective Database Study. Johnson Barbara H,Rai Pragya,Jang Se Ryeong,Johnston Stephen S,Chen Brian Po-Han Medical devices (Auckland, N.Z.) Purpose:Open colorectal surgery is associated with a high rate of postoperative wound complications. This is a single-arm study of real-world outcomes of triclosan-coated barbed suture (Ethicon's STRATAFIX Symmetric PDS Plus Knotless Tissue Control Device [SSPP]) used in open colorectal surgery. Methods:Retrospective cohort study using the Premier Healthcare Database. The study included patients who underwent an inpatient open colorectal surgery with wound closure using SSPP (size 0 or 1 to increase the likelihood the suture was used in fascia) between October 2015-September 2019 (N=593). Wound complications, hospital length of stay, total hospital costs (2019 US$), and all-cause readmissions post-discharge were measured. Post-hoc multivariable analyses compared wound complications between non-elective admissions and elective. Results:The overall incidence of wound complications within 30-days post-procedure was 7.1%, with the majority of those being surgical site infections (SSI) (6.0%). Mean operation time was 190 (standard deviation [SD]=64.4) mins, postoperative length of stay was 8.1 (SD=11.9) days, 30-day readmission rate was 11.8%, and total hospital costs were $31,693 (SD=$40,076). As compared with published literature on the rate of SSI in colorectal surgery, the 30-day rate of SSI in the present study (6.0%) fell within the range of 5.4% to 18.2% for open colorectal surgery and from 4.3% to 21.5% for combined open and minimally invasive procedures. Multivariable-adjusted incidence proportions of wound complications were slightly lower for non-elective admissions and did not differ significantly from those of elective admissions. Conclusion:The rate of wound complications observed in the present study falls within the range of rates previously reported in the literature, suggesting a safe and effective role for SSPP in open colorectal surgery. In post hoc analyses, the adjusted rate of wound complications was similar between non-elective and elective admissions. Head-to-head studies are required to determine comparative advantages or disadvantages for SSPP versus other sutures. 10.2147/MDER.S297671
    Maternal morbidity following caesarean deliveries with barbed suture for uterine closure. Meyer Raanan,Sharon Nataly,Sivan Eyal,Bartal Michal Fishel,Kalter Anat,Derazne Estela,Asher Aviva,Afek Arnon,Shina Avi Archives of gynecology and obstetrics PURPOSE:Information regarding the use of barbed suture in gynecologic surgery is limited. Our aim was to compare maternal morbidity following caesarean deliveries performed with barbed compared with non-barbed suture for uterine closure. METHODS:A historical cohort study from a single tertiary institution. The study group composed of all women that underwent term, uncomplicated singleton caesarean deliveries, where uterine closure was performed with ETHICON's Stratafix, a polydioxanone barbed suture, compared with caesarean deliveries where uterine closure was performed with ETHICON's VICRYL, a Polyglactin 910 non-barbed suture. The primary outcomes were the rate of maternal morbidity including the rate of red packed cells transfusion and a composite of infectious morbidity. Operation duration was also evaluated. An analysis restricted to elective caesarean deliveries was performed comparing the suture types. RESULTS:Three thousand and sixty patients were included in the study; 1337 in the study group and 1723 in the control group. There was no significant difference in the rate of the primary outcomes (red packed cells transfusion: 2.5% in the barbed suture vs. 2.1% in the non-barbed suture groups; p = 0.47; composite maternal morbidity: 3.8% vs. 4.8%, respectively; p = 0.18). Barbed suture was associated with reduced risk of postoperative ileus compared with the non-barbed suture (0.3% vs. 1.0%, respectively; p = 0.02) and a longer operation time (31 vs. 29 min, respectively; p < 0.001). In the analysis restricted to elective caesarean deliveries only the duration of operation remained significantly different between the groups. CONCLUSIONS:The rate of short term maternal morbidities among patients undergoing uterine closure with barbed suture during caesarean delivery is similar to the non-barbed suture. 10.1007/s00404-019-05314-6
    The Spiral Trial: A multicenter, randomized, controlled trial of Spiral thread sutures versus conventional thread sutures to prevent thinning of uterine scars following elective cesarean section. Maki Jota,Nakatou Hikari,Tani Kazumasa,Eto Eriko,Hayata Kei,Yamamoto Dan,Kai Kenji,Tamada Takashi,Akamatsu Kazuyo,Kawanishi Kunihiro,Nakamura Keiichiro,Masuyama Hisashi Contemporary clinical trials BACKGROUND:The aim of this randomized controlled trial (RCT) is to investigate whether Spiral-thread sutures are superior to conventional sutures (0-Vicryl) for preventing uterine scar thinning following elective cesarean section. METHODS:This multicenter, parallel-group RCT will be conducted in four hospitals across three medical regions in Japan to assess 200 women (≥20 years old) with singleton pregnancies who are scheduled to undergo cesarean sections. Eligible women will be randomly assigned (1:1 ratio) to receive either the conventional uterine suture continuous absorption thread, which is most commonly used in Japan, or the Spiral thread. The primary endpoint is the degree of scar thinning, measured by transvaginal ultrasonography 6-7 months postoperatively, to evaluate the position of the uterus (anterior or posterior tilt) and myometrial wound thickness. The degree of thinning will be compared between the groups, and four measurements (mm) of the thinning area, including caudal distance, depth of the depression, remaining thickness of the myometrium on the serous side of the most depressed area, and width of the depression, will be recorded in the sagittal view on transvaginal ultrasound. Secondary endpoints will include total operative time, suture application time (from birth to the end of uterine suturing), operative blood loss, number of additional Z-sutures or continuous sutures required to stop bleeding, maternal abnormality frequency (surgical complications and postoperative infections), surgeon's years of experience, and clinical interpretation of individual subscale scores. DISCUSSION:This study shall provide important evidence on the optimal suture for preventing hysterotomy wound thinning after the first cesarean section. TRIAL REGISTRATION:National Institute of Public Health, Japan: jRCT1062200001 (May 7, 2020; https://rctportal.niph.go.jp/en/detail?trial_id=jRCT1062200001) and Okayama University Certified Review Board: CRB6180001 (April 9, 2020, version 3.0). 10.1016/j.cct.2021.106449
    Feasibility and Safety of a New Chest Drain Wound Closure Method with Knotless Sutures. Kim Min Soo,Shin Sumin,Kim Hong Kwan,Choi Yong Soo,Kim Jhingook,Zo Jae Ill,Shim Young Mog,Cho Jong Ho The Korean journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery BACKGROUND:A method of wound closure using knotless suture material in the chest tube site has been introduced at our center, and is now widely used as the primary method of closing chest tube wounds in video- assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) because it provides cosmetic benefits and causes less pain. METHODS:We included 109 patients who underwent VATS pulmonary resection at Samsung Medical Center from October 1 to October 31, 2016. Eighty-five patients underwent VATS pulmonary resection with chest drain wound closure utilizing knotless suture material, and 24 patients underwent VATS pulmonary resection with chest drain wound closure by the conventional method. Complications related to the chest drain wound were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS:There were 2 cases of pneumothorax after chest tube removal in both groups (8.3% in the conventional group, 2.3% in the knotless suture group; p=0.172) and there was 1 case of wound discharge due to wound dehiscence in the knotless suture group (0% in the conventional group, 1.2% in the knotless suture group; p=0.453). There was no reported case of chest tube dislodgement in either group. The complication rates were non-significantly different between the 2 groups. CONCLUSION:The results for the complication rates of this new chest drain wound closure method suggest that this method is not inferior to the conventional method. Chest drain wound closure using knotless suture material is feasible based on the short-term results of the complication rate. 10.5090/kjtcs.2018.51.4.260
    New Perspective for Soft Tissue Closure in Medication-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw (MRONJ) Using Barbed Sutures. Laimer Johannes,Hechenberger Martin,Lercher Johanna Maria,Born Eva,Schomaker Michael,Puntscher Sibylle,Siebert Uwe,Bruckmoser Emanuel Journal of clinical medicine The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of barbed versus smooth sutures for soft tissue closure of exposed jawbone sites in medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) patients. Exposed necrotic jawbone sites surgically managed by intraoral soft tissue closure were evaluated. Either barbed sutures (Stratafix™ or V-Loc™) together with Prolene or Vicryl sutures were used. We estimated the effect of barbed sutures (BS) with Prolene compared to smooth sutures (Vicryl) on the hazard rate of intraoral soft tissue dehiscence using a multivariate Cox regression model within a target trial framework, adjusting for relevant confounders. In total, 306 operations were performed in 188 sites. In the primary analysis 182 sites without prior surgery were included. Of these, 113 sites developed a dehiscence during follow-up. 84 sites were operated using BS and Prolene. A total of 222 sites were operated with Vicryl (control group). In the BS group, the median time to event (i.e., dehiscence) was 148 days (interquartile range (IQR), 42-449 days) compared to 15 days (IQR, 12-52 days) in the control group. The hazard rate of developing intraoral dehiscence was 0.03 times (95%-confidence interval (CI): 0.01; 0.14, < 0.001) lower for BS patients compared to the control group. Within the limits of a retrospective study, BS showed a high success rate and are therefore recommended for soft tissue closure of exposed jawbone sites in MRONJ patients. Additional studies are warranted to further evaluate this novel application of BS. 10.3390/jcm10081677
    Hair-sparing technique using absorbable intradermal barbed suture versus traditional closure methods in supratentorial craniotomies for tumor. Luther Evan,Berry Katherine,McCarthy David,Sandhu Jagteshwar,Mayrand Roxanne,Guerrero Christina,Eichberg Daniel G,Buttrick Simon,Shah Ashish,Richardson Angela M,Komotar Ricardo,Ivan Michael Acta neurochirurgica BACKGROUND:Hair-sparing techniques in cranial neurosurgery have gained traction in recent years and previous studies have shown no difference in infection rates, yet limited data exists evaluating the specific closure techniques utilized during hair-sparing craniotomies. Therefore, it was the intention of this study to evaluate the rate of surgical site infections (SSIs) and perioperative complications associated with using an absorbable intradermal barbed suture for skin closure in hair-sparing supratentorial craniotomies for tumor in order to prove non-inferiority to traditional methods. METHODS:A retrospective review of supratentorial craniotomies for tumor by a single surgeon from 2011 to 2017 was performed. All perioperative adverse events and wound complications, defined as a postoperative infection, wound dehiscence, or CSF leak, were compared between three different groups: (1) hair shaving craniotomies + transdermal polypropylene suture/staples for scalp closure, (2) hair-sparing craniotomies + transdermal polypropylene suture/staples for scalp closure, and (3) hair-sparing craniotomies + absorbable intradermal barbed suture for scalp closure. RESULTS:Two hundred sixty-three patients underwent hair shaving + transdermal polypropylene suture/staples, 83 underwent hair sparing + transdermal polypropylene suture/staples, and 100 underwent hair sparing + absorbable intradermal barbed suture. Overall, 2.9% of patients experienced a perioperative complication and 4.3% developed a wound complication. In multivariable analysis, the use of a barbed suture for scalp closure and hair-sparing techniques was not predictive of any complication or 30-day readmission. Furthermore, the absorbable intradermal barbed suture cohort had the lowest overall rate of wound complications (4%). CONCLUSIONS:Hair-sparing techniques using absorbable intradermal barbed suture for scalp closure are safe and do not result in higher rates of infection, readmission, or reoperation when compared with traditional methods. 10.1007/s00701-020-04239-3
    The Use of Unidirectional Knotless Barbed Suture for Enterotomy Closure in Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: a Randomized Comparative Study. Gys Ben,Gys Tobie,Lafullarde Thierry Obesity surgery PURPOSE:In this study, we assessed feasibility, safety, and time efficiency of laparoscopic running enterotomy closure for linear stapled Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) using unidirectional barbed sutures (Stratafix™ 2/0- Ethicon). MATERIALS AND METHODS:Two hundred patients undergoing laparoscopic RYGB were prospectively randomized regarding running enterotomy closure of the linear stapled gastrojejunal (GJA) and jejunojejunal anastomosis (JJA). Two groups were created: V-group (Vicryl® 2/0-Ethicon) and S-group (Stratafix™ 2/0-Ethicon). Time spent on closing the enterotomies was measured from first needle in until knot and cut (V-group) or last stitch and cut (S-group). If needed, a nonabsorbable "correction" ("c"; in order to close a small hiatus at the anastomosis) or hemostatic ("h") stitch was made (using a single Prolene® 2/0-Ethicon). RESULTS:Average total procedure time was similar (S-group 1:01:22, V-group 1:00:44, P = 0.340). Closure of the enterotomy (GJA) was significantly shorter in the S-group (07:41 min versus 08:13 min in the V-group, P = 0.005). Extra stitches (GJA) were performed in 33 patients (16.5%): 3 (h) and 20 (c) in the V-group and 1 (h) and 9 (c) in the S-group. Four patients in the V-group suffered from postoperative intraluminal bleeding (3 self-limiting, 1 underwent endoscopic clipping). In the S-group, 1 patient suffered from leakage at the vertical transected staple line of the stomach. CONCLUSIONS:The use of unidirectional barbed sutures for running enterotomy closure after linear stapled RYGB is feasible and safe. Significant time benefit was seen regarding the closure of the GJA. Fewer additional stitches were necessary and postoperative intraluminal bleeding was less encountered. 10.1007/s11695-017-2628-3
    Barbed Versus Conventional Suture for Uterine Repair During Caesarean Section: A Randomized Controlled Study. Grin Leonti,Namazov Ahmet,Ivshin Ale,Rabinovich Mark,Shochat Victoria,Shenhav Simon,Gemer Ofer,Zohav Efraim,Anteby Eyal Y Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology Canada : JOGC = Journal d'obstetrique et gynecologie du Canada : JOGC OBJECTIVE:This study sought to compare the short-term outcome of uterine incision repair during a Caesarean section (CS) using a bidirectional knotless barbed suture versus polyglactin suture. METHODS:A randomized controlled trial was conducted at a university hospital. Participants undergoing a CS were randomly assigned to uterine incision closure by bidirectional knotless barbed suture (group A) or polyglactin (group B). The primary outcome was the time needed to repair the uterine incision. The analysis was by intent to treat. A sample size of 35 per group (n = 70) was planned to detect a 30% reduction in uterine repair time (Canadian Task Force Classification I). RESULTS:From July 2016 through October 2017, 150 women were screened, and 70 were statistically analyzed: group A (n = 35) and group B (n = 35). Time to complete uterine incision repair was 308 ± 57 seconds for group A and 411 ± 74 seconds for group B (P < 0.001). Total surgery time (33.4 ± 8.8 minutes vs. 33.2 ± 7.5 minutes; P = 0.64) was not significantly different between groups A and B, respectively. CONCLUSION:Repair of the CS uterine incision with barbed suture compared with polyglactin suture reduces suturing time. 10.1016/j.jogc.2019.01.011
    Additional Relaxing Suturing Using Absorbable Symmetric Barbed Sutures to Help Close Scalp Defects. Hosomi Kento,Yuzuriha Shunsuke,Nagai Fumio,Yanagisawa Daisuke Plastic and reconstructive surgery. Global open Closing a scalp wound with skin defects is challenging because the scalp skin lacks extensibility and closing it tends to result in a remarkable, widespread, hairless scar. Absorbable symmetric barbed suture device (Stratafix Symmetric; Ethicon, USA) allows wound closure using a pulling motion alone and provides a strong and secure closure for the high-tension area. We used this device to close wide scalp defects easily without tension and with minimized sequential scalp alopecia. The aim of this study was to show our experiences with using this technique. From January 2017 to March 2019, our relaxing suture technique was performed in 7 pediatric patients with scalp alopecia due to various lesions that ranged 23.0 ± 6.5 mm. After resecting the lesions, the galea was sutured using the 3-0 absorbable symmetric barbed suture via a running subcutaneous suture technique. The widespread wound edges were approximated by pulling the suture device. Wound closure was completed with galeal suturing and a superficial suture. We evaluated the width of the postoperative hairless scar at the final follow-up. In all 7 patients, we could approximate the widespread wound edges by pulling alone. Subsequently, the wounds could be closed without tension or difficulty. The mean width of the postoperative hairless scar was 3.3 ± 0.8 mm (range: 1.9-4.3 mm), and no complication was detected during the follow-up period. Our new relaxing suture technique using an absorbable barbed suture with symmetric anchors is a supportive and additional way to help close scalp defects. 10.1097/GOX.0000000000002658
    A Suturing Method without Exposure of Barbs on the Wound Surface Using a Unidirectional Barbed Monofilament Absorbable Suture (STRATAFIX™) in Laparoscopic Myomectomy: A Feasibility Study. Gynecology and minimally invasive therapy OBJECTIVES:We examined whether a new suturing method that used a single-thread unidirectional barbed suture without exposing the barbs on the wound surface was acceptable compared with the conventional suture method during laparoscopic myomectomy (LM). MATERIALS AND METHODS:This was a retrospective study. The subjects were 26 women who underwent LM for symptomatic uterine fibroids. The operative time, amount of blood loss, and number of threads used were compared between a group in which suturing was performed with a conventional synthetic absorbable suture (conventional suture group, = 13) and a group in which suturing was performed using a barbed suture (barbed suture group, = 13). RESULTS:Operative time in the barbed suture group was significantly shorter than that in the conventional suture group, while blood loss during LM in the barbed suture group was significantly lower than that in the conventional suture group. The number of threads used in the conventional suture group was significantly larger than that in the barbed suture group. No complications were observed in both the groups during LM. CONCLUSION:This new technique using a barbed suture is safe and feasible for LM. 10.4103/GMIT.GMIT_105_20
    New Continuous Barbed Suture Device with Stratafix for the Vaginal Stump in Laparoscopic Hysterectomy. Yanazume Shintaro,Togami Shinichi,Fukuda Mika,Kawamura Toshihiko,Kamio Masaki,Ota Shunichiro,Kobayashi Hiroaki Gynecology and minimally invasive therapy AIMS:Closure of the vaginal stump in total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) performed by interrupted suture is time-consuming and requires sufficient experience. Stratafix (SF) is a new type of antibacterial monofilament absorbable suture which has multiple small anchors on the string surface. There is no information concerning the efficacy of SF for vaginal stump suture in minimally invasive hysterectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS:We retrospectively evaluated the operative complications and SF ( = 20) advantages for the vaginal stump in TLH and compared with a cohort of patients with conventional sutures ( = 20). The differences in performance based on operators' skill levels were also considered. RESULTS:The time taken to close vaginal stump in the SF suture group was significantly lower than the conventional group (median times: 13.1 vs. 18.0 min, respectively; = 0.038). Closure by a less experienced operator using SF suture was reduced by 7.2 min. The junior operator median vaginal suture time was only 2.6 min longer than the senior operator median time in SF suture group ( = 0.218), whereas an 8.4 min difference was recorded in the conventional suture group ( = 0.043). Total operation times did not significantly correlate with vaginal suturing techniques (median times: 126 vs. 145 min, respectively; = 0.718). Complications regarding the vaginal stump closure techniques including organ injury, bleeding, wound separation, and pain did not occur in both groups. CONCLUSIONS:SF suturing facilitates the vaginal stump closure in TLH without increasing the complications. SF allowed vaginal stump approximation and reduced the operative burden, especially in less experienced operators. 10.4103/GMIT.GMIT_34_18
    Comparison of bidirectional barbed suture Stratafix and conventional suture with intracorporeal knots in laparoscopic myomectomy by office transvaginal hydrolaparoscopic follow-up: a preliminary report. European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology OBJECTIVES:To compare surgical outcomes of different types of intracorporeal sutures for laparoscopic posterior myomectomy, by a prospective randomized study. STUDY DESIGN:Prospective randomized study on 47 patients with single posterior intramural myoma (4-7cm in diameter) undergoing laparoscopic myomectomy. The patients enrolled were divided into two groups, one operated using conventional suture in double strand, and the other with bidirectional barbed suture Stratafix. The main outcome measures were suturing time, peri-operative variables, and post-operative adhesions in both groups. RESULTS:The mean operative time was shorter with the Stratafix™ than with the conventional suture (66.3±8.2 vs. 73±8min; p=0.005). Suturing time was significantly shorter in the Stratafix™ than in the control group (8.8±2.4 vs. 15.5±2.8min; p=0.001). Intraoperative bleeding was significantly less in the Stratafix group (p=0.0012). Conversely, there was no statistically significant difference for postoperative adhesions between the two groups (26.7% vs. 21.4% p=0.5). CONCLUSIONS:The use of barbed suture may reduce operative time, suturing time, and blood loss. No difference in post operative adhesions was found. 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2015.10.011
    Fishbone double-layer barbed suture in cesarean section: a help in preventing long-term obstetric sequelae? Alessandri Franco,Evangelisti Giulio,Centurioni Maria Grazia,Gustavino Claudio,Ferrero Simone,Barra Fabio Archives of gynecology and obstetrics Due to the high number of cesarean sections over the last two decades, there has been a growing awareness of the post-surgical obstetric long-term sequelae (i.e., uterine scar defects and abnormal placentation) following this surgical procedure. Knotless barbed suture is an absorbable bidirectional and unidirectional monofilament, characterized by the presence of "barbs" along its length. After being introduced in gynecology, the favorable features of the knotless barbed suture, such as the uniform distribution of tensile force, provide the rationale for studying its benefits in obstetric surgery. Recently, our research group has investigated a double-layer barbed suture ("fishbone" suture) for closing the uterine wall during cesarean section by a case-control study, reporting a low incidence of uterine scar defects and a reduced size of defects in women who had developed them (NCT04825821). In the near future, large prospective studies are strongly awaited to investigate reproductive outcomes and long-term sequelae after cesarean section performed with knotless barbed suture. 10.1007/s00404-021-06121-8
    Fibrin Sealant Artiss Compared to Progressive Tension Sutures With Stratafix in the Management of Wound Drainage Following Post-Bariatric Body-Contouring Surgery. Plastic surgery (Oakville, Ont.) BACKGROUND:Post-bariatric body-contouring surgery is one of the most rapidly growing areas in plastic surgery. One of the most common complications following post-bariatric body-contouring surgery is seroma. There are a number of approaches to reducing wound drainage and seroma formation. A promising strategy to reduce these complications is to develop effective methods for reducing dead space between the tissue layers. METHODS:We conducted a retrospective trial assessing the use of human fibrin sealant Artiss in comparison to progressive tension sutures (PTS) with Stratafix, a bidirectional barbed suture device in patients undergoing post-bariatric body-contouring surgery. Thirty-six patients for abdominoplasty or lower-body-lift were evaluated. Treatment patients underwent procedure with fibrin sealant applied to adapt the tissue layers. Control patients underwent an identical procedure but with PTS. Primary outcome measures included total wound drainage and time to drain removal. RESULTS:The use of Artiss in abdominoplasty was associated with a mean drain volume that was significantly higher and more days that were needed to remove all drains compared to the PTS group. In body-lift, the mean drain volume and number of days needed to remove all drains tended to be higher when using Artiss compared to the PTS group. CONCLUSION:The use of Artiss in post-bariatric body-contouring surgery did not decrease the rate of seromas and the length of time required for post-surgical drains when compared to PTS. 10.1177/2292550320936667
    Feasibility and Safety of Absorbable Knotless Wound Closure Device in Laparoscopic Myomectomy. Chan Chying-Chyuan,Lee Ching-Yu BioMed research international Purpose. Myomectomy has been performed through laparoscopy. Suturing is known as rate-limiting step in laparoscopic myomectomy. The present study was aimed at comparing the clinical outcomes of absorbable knotless wound closure device with the results of conventional suturing. Methods. This prospective study included 62 women who underwent laparoscopic myomectomy at Taipei City Hospital, Zhongxiao Branch, from January 2010 through to August 2012. The patients were randomized into two groups according to suturing materials, the knotless group and the 2-0 Vicryl suture group. Patient demographics, overall operative time, and intraoperative blood loss were compared between two groups. Results. Demographic characteristics and laboratory variables before surgery were comparable. Operative time was significantly shorter in knotless group compared with that in 2-0 Vicryl suture group (112 ± 47 versus 147 ± 63 minutes; p < 0.05). The results revealed a significant difference in intraoperative blood loss between two groups (knotless versus 2-0 Vicryl: 112.8 ± 54.2 versus 143.6 ± 64.9). Use of absorbable knotless wound closure device was associated with greater hemostasis compared with that of 2-0 Vicryl. During a 2-year follow-up period, 12 patients (46.2%) from the group with absorbable knotless wound closure device and 14 patients (38.9%) from 2-0 Vicryl suture group became pregnant. Conclusion. Closure of myometrium using absorbable knotless wound closure device after laparoscopic myomectomy resulted in a shorter operative time and less blood loss. 10.1155/2016/2849476
    Does Barbed Suture Lower Cost and Improve Outcome in Total Knee Arthroplasty? A Randomized Controlled Trial. Chan Vincent W K,Chan Ping-Keung,Chiu Kwong-Yuen,Yan Chun-Hoi,Ng Fu-Yuen The Journal of arthroplasty BACKGROUND:Wound closure is key to prevent infection, facilitate immediate rehabilitation, and improve efficiency of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Continuous knotless suturing with barbed suture can potentially save time and distribute tension more evenly. However, its role in TKA in terms of cost-effectiveness and wound complications is not clear. This study aims at comparing barbed and traditional sutures' wound closure time and cost in primary TKA. METHODS:One hundred nine knees were randomized into either barbed or traditional group. Synthetic absorbable sutures (Vicryl, Ethicon Inc) and bidirectional barbed sutures (Stratafix, Ethicon Inc) were used. Arthrotomy and subcutaneous wound closure time, wound complications, and rehabilitation parameters in terms of range of motion and Knee Society Score were compared. Patients were followed up to 3 months. RESULTS:Traditional sutures had significantly more positive leak tests (10 vs 2, P value <.05) and wound complications (11 vs 2, P value <.05). No differences in range of motion and Knee Society Score were noted. Arthrotomy and subcutaneous closure time were significantly shorter with barbed sutures (arthrotomy 325 seconds vs 491 seconds; subcutaneous 306 seconds vs 381 seconds, P value <.05). Concerning cost of suture material and operation time, barbed suture on average saved USD 48.7 per TKA in our local institute. CONCLUSION:Bidirectional barbed suture improves the cost-effectiveness of TKA through reducing wound closure time and wound complications. 10.1016/j.arth.2016.12.015
    Current Protocol for Aesthetic Scar Management in Thyroid Surgery. Chung Jae-Ho,Kim Da-Som,Cheon Jeong-Hyun,Yoon Jeong-Min,Baek Seung-Kuk,Jung Kwang-Yoon,Yoon Eul-Sik,Park Seung-Ha The Laryngoscope OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS:We compared the scar quality when different protocols were applied, and eventually aim to find the optimal scar management protocol. STUDY DESIGN:We conducted a prospective, randomized, and blinded comparison of different scar management protocols in a single center. METHODS:We allocated 126 patients who underwent thyroidectomy via collar neck incision randomly into three groups. Patients in group A were treated with tissue adhesive only. Patients in group B were treated by means of subcuticular suturing and early scar management with a non-ablative fractional laser (NAFL) and intralesional triamcinolone injection (ILI). Patients in group C had skin closure with tissue adhesive and early scar management. At 6 months after the operation, the Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale (POSAS) and the width of the final scar were compared. RESULTS:Comparing the sum of PSAS, groups B and C showed significant higher satisfaction than did group A (22.81 ± 11.66 in group A, 10.9 ± 5.14 in group B, and 15.19 ± 9.98 in group C). In the sum of OSAS, group B also showed a significant difference than did groups A and C (17.74 ± 6.75 in group A, 10.26 ± 3.60 in group B, and 14.52 ± 6.48 in group C). Also, group B showed a narrower scar width than did groups A and C. CONCLUSIONS:Our finding suggests that subcuticular suturing using barbed suture material and early treatment with a combination therapy using NAFL and ILI showed a favorable aesthetic outcome for both patients and operators. Based on our algorithmic approach for thyroidectomy scar, we anticipate an optimal aesthetic outcome. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:II Laryngoscope, 131:E2188-E2195, 2021. 10.1002/lary.29441
    Continuous poliglecaprone suture versus bidirectional barded suture for urethrovesical anastomosis during laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: a single-institute retrospective analysis of Chinese patients. Li Jiaxing,Zhang Qi,Xie Jianwei,Yin Bo Gland surgery Background:To compare the outcomes of bidirectional barbed suture and continuous poliglecaprone suture for urethrovesical anastomosis (UVA) during laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP). Methods:Single-needle poliglecaprone suture was used for UVA in Group 1 (n=27), and double-needle bidirectional barbed suture was used for UVA (n=27) in Group 2. Age, body mass index (BMI), prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, prostate volume, operative time, anastomosis time, estimated blood loss, Gleason score, number of hospitalization days, and urinary continence at postoperative month 1, 3, 6, and 12 were analyzed statistically. Results:There were no significant differences in age, BMI, prostate volume, PSA level, Gleason score, and indwelling catheter time between the two groups. However, bidirectional barbed suture was associated with a significantly shorter anastomosis time (P=0.007), operation time (P=0.008) and hospitalization duration (P<0.001), and a significantly lower blood loss volume (P=0.005). At the first-month follow-up, urinary continence was achieved in 5 (19%) and 15 (56%) patients in Group 1 and 2, respectively (P=0.005); postoperative third month: 11 (41%) and 23 (85%) patients in Group 1 and 2 respectively (P=0.001); postoperative sixth month: 21 (78%) and 25 (93%) patients in Group 1 and 2 respectively (P=0.250); postoperative first year: 25 (93%) and 27 (100%) patients in Group 1 and 2 respectively (P=0.471). Multivariate regression analysis showed that anastomosis time (HR =0.636; P<0.001) was an independent predictor of postoperative continence. Conclusions:The current findings show that bidirectional barbed suture for UVA during LRP can shorten UVA time and provide better outcomes in terms of early urinary continence recovery. 10.21037/gs-20-371
    Intradermal Scalp Closure Using Barbed Suture in Cranial Tumor Surgeries: A Technical Note. Buttrick Simon S,Eichberg Daniel,Ali Sheikh C,Komotar Ricardo J Operative neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.) BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE:Traditional scalp closure technique following elective craniotomy involves placement of staples or a continuous running suture. Despite low complication rates, these techniques are often considered to be disfiguring by patients, contribute to the psychosocial trauma of brain surgery, and are associated with discomfort during postoperative staple or suture removal. Some authors have described scalp closure using intradermal absorbable suture, but this technique likely does not reach the tensile strength of closure using traditional methods, and requires knots at the apices of the incision, which can act as a nidus for infection. CLINICAL PRESENTATION:We employed a barbed intradermal closure method in supratentorial elective craniotomies for tumor resection. Complication rates were recorded, and cosmetic outcomes were informally assessed. Intradermal closure with barbed sutures was utilized in 76 patients. At the 2-wk postoperative clinic visit, cosmetic outcomes were excellent in all cases. There was 1 superficial wound infection that presented 6 wk after a pterional craniotomy for low-grade glioma. This resolved with superficial wound revision and oral antibiotic therapy. CONCLUSION:We present a novel scalp closure technique for craniotomies using intradermal barbed Monocryl suture. We have had excellent cosmetic outcomes, and the infection rate of 1.3% compares favorably to published rates. Further studies are required to quantify the improvement in patient satisfaction compared to conventional closure methods. 10.1093/ons/opx195
    Barbed vs conventional sutures in bariatric surgery: a propensity score analysis from a high-volume center. Pennestrì Francesco,Gallucci Pierpaolo,Prioli Francesca,Giustacchini Piero,Ciccoritti Luigi,Sessa Luca,Bellantone Rocco,Raffaelli Marco Updates in surgery The use of barbed sutures for constructing an anastomosis is favoured by a few bariatric surgeons as compared to conventional sutures. The aim of this study is to assess safety and efficacy of barbed sutures to close the gastric pouch-jejunal anastomosis (GPJA) in laparoscopic gastric bypass (Roux-en-Y gastric bypass-RYGB, and One-Anastomosis gastric bypass-OAGB) using propensity score-matching (PSM) analysis. A retrospective analysis of patients who underwent primary laparoscopic gastric bypasses between January 2012 and December 2017 was performed. Patients were divided into two different groups (RYGB-G and OAGB-G). PSM analysis was performed to minimize patient selection bias between the two types of sutures (barbed-BS and conventional-CS) in each group. A total of 808 patients were reviewed. After PSM, 488 (244 BS vs 244 CS) patients in RYGB-G and 48 in OAGB-G (24 BS vs 24 CS) patients were compared. Median operative time was significantly shorter (p < 0.001) for BS in RYGB-G. In OAGB-G, BS were associated with a shorter operative time, although no significant difference was observed (p = 0.183). Post-operative hospital stay was significantly shorter for BS in both the groups (p < 0.001). Post-operative 30th-day complications were comparable: no leakage or bleeding of GPJA was observed in BS groups. At median follow-up of 28.78 months, no late complications were observed. Barbed sutures appear to be effective to close GPJA during gastric bypass and as safe as conventional suture. Further studies are necessary to draw definitive conclusions. 10.1007/s13304-018-0589-2
    Barbed sutures reduce arthrotomy closure duration and suture utilisation compared to interrupted conventional sutures for primary total hip arthroplasty: a randomised controlled trial. Hip international : the journal of clinical and experimental research on hip pathology and therapy INTRODUCTION:The broad aim of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of using barbed sutures and running closure versus interrupted placement of standard of care sutures for closure of the arthrotomy during total hip arthroplasty (THA). Specifically, we compared duration of arthrotomy closure, the number of sutures utilised for arthrotomy closure, and 90-day outcomes including wound-related readmission, reoperation, and complications. METHODS:A total of 60 patients undergoing 60 THAs were enrolled in a prospective, single-blinded trial and randomised to receive either running closure of the arthrotomy with barbed sutures ( 30) or interrupted closure with standard of care sutures ( 30). Patients were eligible if they were undergoing primary THA for osteoarthritis and excluded if they had a BMI > 45 kg/m or age > 80 years or <18 years. RESULTS:Arthrotomy closure duration was significantly shorter in the barbed suture group (3 minutes ± 9 seconds) versus the standard of care group (8 minutes ± 26 seconds, 0.001). The suture utilisation for arthrotomy closure was 1 suture in the barbed sutured group 28/30 (93%) patients versus 2-4 sutures in 27/30 (90%) in the standard of care group ( 0.001). The overall number of wound-related complications in the barbed suture group was 1/30 (3%) versus 1/30 (3%) in the standard of care group ( 1.00). The rate of suture abscesses was 1/30 (3%) in barbed suture group versus the standard of care ( 1.00). There was trochanter bursitis 1/30 (3%) in the standard of care group versus zero in the barbed suture group ( 1.00). CONCLUSIONS:These results suggest that barbed suture utilisation may be faster and more resource efficient than use of standard of care sutures for arthrotomy closure in THA.ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03285555. 10.1177/1120700020911891
    Barbed sutures reduce arthrotomy closure duration compared to interrupted conventional sutures for total knee arthroplasty: a randomized controlled trial. Sundaram K,Warren J A,Klika A,Piuzzi N S,Mont M A,Krebs V Musculoskeletal surgery BACKGROUND:The broad aim of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of using barbed sutures versus standard-of-care sutures for closure of arthrotomy during total knee arthroplasty. Specifically, we compared the duration of arthrotomy closure, the number of sutures utilized for arthrotomy closure, and 90-day outcomes, including wound-related readmission, reoperation, and complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS:A total of 60 patients undergoing primary total knee arthroplasty were enrolled in a prospective, blinded trial and randomized to receive either running closure of the arthrotomy with barbed sutures (n = 30) or interrupted closure with standard-of-care sutures (n = 30). RESULTS:Arthrotomy closure time was significantly shorter in the barbed suture group (3 min ± 2 min) versus the standard-of-care group (13 min ± 5 min, p < 0.001). The average suture utilization for arthrotomy closure was 1 suture (range 1-2) versus 3 sutures (range 2-4) in the standard-of-care group (p < 0.001). The overall number of wound-related complications in the barbed suture group was 3/30 (10%) versus 3/30 (10%) in the standard-of-care group (p = 1.00). There was one dehiscence 1/30 (3%) in the standard-of-care group versus zero in the barbed suture group (p = 1.00). The rate of superficial surgical site infection was 1/30 (3%) in barbed suture versus zero in the standard-of-care groups (p = 1.00). CONCLUSION:These results suggest barbed suture utilization may be faster and more resource-efficient than the use of standard-of-care sutures for arthrotomy closure in primary total knee arthroplasty without increased complications. CLINICALTRIALS. GOV IDENTIFIER:NCT03285529. 10.1007/s12306-020-00654-y
    A comparison of barbed continuous suture versus conventional interrupted suture for fascial closure in total hip arthroplasty. Lee Sunhyung,Kee Taehong,Jung Mi Yeon,Yoon Pil Whan Scientific reports A barbed suture is a self-anchoring knotless suture hypothesized to shorten suture time and reduce the tension point of the wound. The purpose of this study was to compare the barbed suture and the interrupted suture for fascial closure in total hip arthroplasty. We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty from March 2014 to June 2020. We evaluated 324 cases among 274 patients consisting of 188 males and 86 females. We collected the following data: demographics, time for wound closure, the number of threads used, hemoglobin level, surgical site pain, and wound complications. Variables were analyzed for their association with closure time using multiple regression analyses between the barbed suture (the SFX group) and the interrupted suture (the Vicryl group). Mean closure time was 5.8 min lower and the mean number of sutures used was 2.2 lower in the SFX group versus the Vicryl group (P < 0.01 and < 0.01, respectively). There were no statistical intergroup differences in the mean largest hemoglobin drop, the incidence of transfusion, surgical site pain, and the incidence of wound complications. The use of barbed sutures for fascial closure in total hip arthroplasty effectively reduces the surgical time without increasing wound complications. 10.1038/s41598-022-07862-5