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    Network Analysis of Se-and Zn-related Proteins in the Serum Proteomics Expression Profile of the Endemic Dilated Cardiomyopathy Keshan Disease. Wang Sen,Lv Yanyan,Wang Yingting,Du Peiru,Tan Wuhong,Lammi Mikko J,Guo Xiong Biological trace element research Keshan disease (KD) is an endemic cardiomyopathy with high mortality. Selenium (Se) and zinc (Zn) deficiencies are closely related to KD. The molecular mechanism of KD pathogenesis is still unclear. There are only few studies on the interaction of trace elements and proteins associated with the pathogenesis of KD. In this study, isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ)-coupled two-dimensional liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (2DLC-MS/MS) technique analysis was used to analyze the differential expression of proteins from serum samples. Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD) was used to screen Se- and Zn-associated proteins. Then, pathway and network analyses of Se- and Zn-associated proteins were constituted by Cytoscape ClueGO and GeneMANIA plugins. One hundred and five differentially expressed proteins were obtained by 2DLC-MS/MS, among them 19 Se- and 3 Zn-associated proteins. Fifty-two pathways were identified from ClueGO and 1 network from GeneMANIA analyses. The results showed that Se-associated proteins STAT3 and MAPK1 and Zn-associated proteins HIF1A and PARP1, the proteins involved in HIF-1 signaling pathway and apoptosis pathway, may play significant roles in the pathogenesis of KD. The approach of this study would be also beneficial for further dissecting molecular mechanism of other trace element-associated disease. 10.1007/s12011-017-1063-6
    NEDD8-Activating Enzyme Inhibitor MLN4924 Inhibits Both the Tumor Stroma and Angiogenesis in Pancreatic Cancer via Gli1 and REDD1. Digestive diseases and sciences PURPOSE:Pancreatic cancer is characterized by a dense desmoplasia stroma, which hinders efficient drug delivery and plays a critical role in tumor progression and metastasis. MLN4924 is a first-in-class NEDD8-activating enzyme inhibitor that exhibits anti-tumor activities toward pancreatic cancer, and given the comprehensive effects that MLN4924 could have, we ask what impact MLN4924 would have on the stroma of pancreatic cancer and its underlying mechanisms. METHODS:Primary pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) and human HMEC-1 cells were treated with MLN4924 in vitro. The proliferation and extracellular matrix protein levels of PSCs were tested, and their relationship with transcription factor Gli1 in PSCs was investigated. The angiogenic phenotypes of HMEC-1 cells were evaluated using capillary-like tube formation assay, and their relationship with REDD1 in HMEC-1 cells was investigated. RESULTS:In this study, we found that MLN4924 inhibited the proliferation of pancreatic stellate cells and their secretion of collagen and CXCL-1, and the collagen secretion inhibiting effect of MLN4924 was related with transcription factor Gli1. MLN4924 inhibited multiple angiogenic phenotypes of HMEC-1 cells, and mTOR agonist partially relieved the inhibition of MLN4924 on HEMCs. MLN4924 increased the expression of REDD1 and REDD1 knockdown promoted the angiogenic phenotypes of HMEC-1 cells. CONCLUSIONS:Our study suggests that MLN4924 inhibits both the tumor stroma and angiogenesis in pancreatic cancer, and the inhibition effect is related with Gli1 in pancreatic stellate cells and REDD1 in vascular endothelial cells, respectively. 10.1007/s10620-022-07671-w