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    ['s meridian diagnosis method combined with Bobath rehabilitation training for post-stroke shoulder-hand syndrome typeⅠ]. Zhongguo zhen jiu = Chinese acupuncture & moxibustion OBJECTIVE:To compare the clinical efficacy differences between - 's meridian diagnosis method combined with Bobath rehabilitation training and Bobath rehabilitation training alone for post-stroke shoulder-hand syndrome (SHS) typeⅠ. METHODS:A total of 106 patients with post-stroke SHS typeⅠwere randomly divided into an observation group (53 cases, 2 cases dropped off ) and a control group (53 cases, 3 cases dropped off ). The patients in the both groups were treated with medications for basic diseases and conventional acupuncture at Waiguan (TE 5), Shousanli (LI 10) and Jianyu (LI 15) on the affected side. In addition, the patients in the control group were treated with Bobath rehabilitation training, 20 minutes each time; on the basis of the control group, the patients in the observation group were treated with -'s meridian diagnosis method to adjust the abnormal parts in meridians of the hand and hand on the affected side, 20 minutes each time. Both groups were treated once a day, 5 times a week for 8 weeks. The scores of visual analogue scale (VAS), upper-limb Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA) and Barthel index (BI) were recorded before and after treatment as well as 6 weeks after treatment (follow-up), and the clinical efficacy of the two groups was evaluated after treatment. RESULTS:Compared before treatment, the VAS scores were reduced and the scores of upper-limb FMA and BI were increased in the two groups after treatment and in the follow-up (<0.05). The VAS score in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (<0.05), and the scores of upper-limb FMA and BI in the observation group were higher than those of the control group (<0.05). The total effective rate in the observation group was 82.4% (42/51), which was higher than 62.0% (31/50) in the control group (<0.05). CONCLUSION:- 's meridian diagnosis method combined with Bobath rehabilitation training could effectively treat post-stroke SHS typeⅠ, reduce pain symptoms and improve joint motor dysfunction, and improve the quality of life. Its curative effect is better than Bobath rehabilitation training alone. 10.13703/j.0255-2930.20210202-k0011
    Clinical Effect of Virtual Reality Technology on Rehabilitation Training of Sports Injury. Chen Jing Journal of healthcare engineering In order to make most patients recover most of their limb functions after rehabilitation training, virtual reality technology is an emerging human-computer interaction technology, which uses the computer and the corresponding application software to build the virtual reality environment. Completing the training tasks in the virtual environment attracts the patients to conduct repeated training in the game and task-based training mode and gradually realizes the rehabilitation training goals. For the rehabilitation population with certain exercise ability, the kinematics of human upper limbs is mainly analyzed, and the virtual reality system based on HTC VIVE is developed. The feasibility and work efficiency of the upper limb rehabilitation training system were verified by experiments. Adult volunteers who are healthy and need rehabilitation training to participate in the experiment were recruited, and experimental data were recorded. The virtual reality upper limb rehabilitation system was a questionnaire. By extracting the motion data, the system application effect is analyzed and evaluated by the simulation diagram. Follow-up results of rehabilitation training showed that the average score of healthy subjects was more than 4 points and 3.8 points per question. Therefore, it is feasible to perform upper limb rehabilitation training using the HTC VIVE virtual reality rehabilitation system. 10.1155/2021/1361851
    Design of Sports Rehabilitation Training System Based on EEMD Algorithm. Computational intelligence and neuroscience Motor function rehabilitation training is to restore the motor function of hand injury to the maximum extent and meet the needs of patients' daily behavior. At present, motor function evaluation and rehabilitation training work have disadvantages such as relying on the subjective experience of physicians, unable to quantitatively assess the loss of motor function, and single rehabilitation training method. Most of these methods only focus on the independent motion range of a single organ, lack of consideration of the constraint relationship between adjacent fingers, and do not build a visual model for it. To end this issue, for the purpose of sports rehabilitation, combined with the status and application of rehabilitation machines, this paper proposed a cycling rehabilitation training system based on physiological signal extraction of ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD) algorithm. Results compared with the previous rehabilitation training, the muscle tension level of patients' upper limbs decreased, and the strength of some muscles also increased. With the progress of rehabilitation training, the contralateral dominance coefficient showed an upward trend, which further confirmed the role of the proposed method in sports rehabilitation, and also provided a new idea for the evaluation of rehabilitation training effect of patients in the future. 10.1155/2022/9987313
    Blood-Flow-Restricted Strength Training Combined With High-Load Strength and Endurance Training in Pulmonary Rehabilitation for COPD: A Case Report. Kohlbrenner Dario,Aregger Céline,Osswald Martin,Sievi Noriane A,Clarenbach Christian F Physical therapy OBJECTIVE:The purpose of this report is to describe the case of a patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who was load compromised and being referred for outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation. Low-load blood flow restriction strength training (LL-BFRT) was applied to prepare for and increase tolerability of subsequently applied high-load strength training. METHODS (CASE DESCRIPTION):A 62-year-old woman with COPD GOLD 2 B presented with severe breathlessness. Lower limb strength was severely reduced while functional exercise capacity was preserved. The patient was severely load compromised and had high risk to be intolerant of the high training loads required to trigger the desired adaptations. LL-BFRT was applied during the first 12 training sessions and high-load strength training in the subsequent 12 training sessions of the rehabilitation program. Endurance training on a cycle ergometer was performed throughout the program. RESULTS:Symptom burden in the COPD assessment test was reduced by 6 points (40%). Lower limb strength improved by 95.3 Nm (521%) and 88.4 Nm (433%) for the knee extensors and by 33.8 Nm (95%) and 56 Nm (184%) for the knee flexors, respectively. Functional exercise capacity improved by 44 m (11%) in the 6-minute walk test and 14 repetitions (108%) in the 1-minute sit-to stand test. The patient did not experience any adverse events related to the exercise training. CONCLUSION:Clinically relevant changes were observed in both strength-related functional and self-reported outcomes. The achievements translated well into daily living and enabled functioning according to the patients' desires. LL-BFRT was reported to be well tolerated and implementable into an outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program. IMPACT:The description of this case encourages the systematic investigation of LL-BFRT in COPD. LL-BFRT has the potential to increase benefits as well as tolerability of strength training in pulmonary rehabilitation. Consideration of the physiological changes achieved through LL-BFRT highlights potential in targeting peripheral muscle dysfunction in COPD. 10.1093/ptj/pzab063
    Early Intensified Rehabilitation Training with Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Improves Functional Disorders and Prognosis of Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury. Lu Yin,Zhou Xianshan,Cheng Jincheng,Ma Qing Advances in wound care Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a global public health problem. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy may be beneficial for TBI because it improves cerebral blood flow into tissues exhibiting low blood flow. This was done to observe the clinical therapeutic effect of different intensities of rehabilitation training and HBO therapy in early stages of TBI. In this multicenter, randomized, stratified case-controlled prospective clinical trial, we selected 158 patients with moderate-severe TBI and assigned them into (1) a control group receiving routine once-daily (1/d) rehabilitation training without HBO, (2) study group A receiving routine 1/d rehabilitation training with HBO, (3) study group B receiving twice-daily (2/d) intensified rehabilitation training with HBO, and (4) study group C receiving 2/d intensified rehabilitation training without HBO, all for 3 months. The cognitive ability, activities of daily life (ADL), and movement ability were assessed before and after training with the Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA), Functional Independence Measure (FIM), Modified Barthel Index (MBI), and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). FIM, FMA, MBI, and MMSE scores were improved significantly after 1-, 2-, and 3-month rehabilitation training in all TBI patients ( < 0.01), and this improvement was especially remarkable in patients who received 2/d intensified rehabilitation training with HBO ( < 0.01). With extensive and intensive research on TBI rehabilitation, it was proved that TBI rehabilitation intervention should be initiated as early as possible. Early intensified rehabilitation training in combination with HBO is more beneficial to the recovery of cognitive, ADL, and movement abilities of TBI patients. 10.1089/wound.2018.0876
    Unilateral Embolization of the Internal Iliac Artery for Endovascular Aortic Repair Does Not Induce Gluteal Muscle Atrophy. Yamashita Yoshiyuki,Baba Hironori,Okamoto Koji,Joo Kunihiko,Ochiai Yoshie,Tokunaga Shigehiko Annals of vascular surgery BACKGROUND:To investigate the effect of unilateral internal iliac artery (IIA) embolization for endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) on gluteal muscle size. METHODS:We assessed the gluteal muscle size in 111 consecutive patients who underwent elective EVAR with unilateral IIA embolization (n = 31) or without IIA embolization (n = 80) for abdominal aortic and/or iliac artery aneurysm. The cross-sectional area (CSA) of the gluteus maximus (G) and gluteus medius/minimus (G) was measured on computed tomography preoperatively, 6 months postoperatively, and final follow-up. Mean changes in the G and G CSA were evaluated using a mixed model analysis of variance. RESULTS:In the patients with embolization, both the G and G CSA significantly decreased over time on the embolization and nonembolization sides (P < 0.001); however, embolization did not affect the changes in the G CSA (P = 0.64) and G CSA (P = 0.99). In the patients with embolization and those without embolization, both the G and G CSA significantly decreased over time (P < 0.001); however, embolization did not affect the changes in the G CSA (P = 0.76) and G CSA (P = 0.11). CONCLUSIONS:Unilateral IIA embolization was not associated with gluteal muscle atrophy after EVAR. Pre-emptive unilateral IIA embolization for EVAR seems to be an acceptable procedure in terms of maintenance of gluteal muscle size. 10.1016/j.avsg.2020.10.050
    Choosing the best rehabilitation treatment for Bell's palsy. Dalla Toffola E,Tinelli C,Lozza A,Bejor M,Pavese C,Degli Agosti I,Petrucci L European journal of physical and rehabilitation medicine BACKGROUND:It is useful to perform neurophysiologic electromyography and electroneurography (EMG/ENG) on patients with peripheral facial palsy during the acute phase of paralysis in order to assess the severity of their nerve lesion and thus plan rehabilitation treatment and evaluate its results. AIM:To evaluate the motor recovery of patients with Bell's palsy with respect to the severity of their neurological lesion and to compare the results of two different rehabilitation treatments, with electromyographic biofeedback (EMG-BFB) and mirror visual biofeedback (mirror-BFB), in patients with Bell's palsy and neurophysiologic pattern of axonotmesis. STUDY DESIGN:Cohort study on retrospective clinical records. POPULATION:102 patients with Bell's facial palsy were clinically assessed according to the House scale both during the acute phase of paralysis and 12 months after onset. METHODS:All patients underwent EMG/ENG examination 3-4 weeks after the onset of paralysis; 29 patients had an EMG pattern of neurapraxia and were not given rehabilitation treatment; 73 patients who presented with signs of denervation had an EMG pattern of axonotmesis. The group, which was homogenous in terms of lesion severity, was divided into two parts: 38 patients were treated with electromyographic biofeedback (EMG-BFB) and 35 were treated with mirror visual feedback (mirror-BFB). RESULTS:All 29 patients with neurapraxia made a full spontaneous recovery; Although the 73 patients with axonotmesis received different types of rehabilitation treatment, they obtained similar results regarding quality of recovery, development of synkinesis, rehabilitation timing and resources used. CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT:Rehabilitation treatment is not necessary for patients with neurapraxia. The two biofeedback methods used to treat patients with axonotmesis resulted in similar rehabilitation outcomes.
    The effect of systematic functional assessment and immediate rehabilitation on physical performance in acutely admitted older adults with reduced functional performance: a randomised clinical trial. Bruun Inge H,Maribo Thomas,Norgaard Birgitte,Schiottz-Christensen Berit,Jessen Morten G B,Mogensen Christian B Disability and rehabilitation We hypothesised that a systematic functional assessment in a short stay unit at an emergency department (ED) and/or immediate rehabilitation after discharge will result in sustained or improved physical performance in comparison to a regimen in which neither of these interventions is offered. A two-way factorial randomised clinical trial was completed in an ED and the primary sector. We enrolled 336 nonsurgical patients of 65 years or older, scoring eight or less in the 30-s chair stand test. The interventions were: 1) Usual assessment; 2) Usual rehabilitation; 3) A systematic functional assessment performed within 48 h of admission, in order to identify those with loss of functional mobility, or at risk thereof; and 4) Immediate rehabilitation initiated within five days after discharge. The primary outcome was the 30-s chair stand test three weeks after admission. Secondary outcome measures were Barthel, EQ-5D-3L, and length of stay (LOS). An intention-to-treat analysis showed no significant difference in the 30-s chair stand test score nor when analysed by groups or by intervention. The changes were approximately 1% when compared to the reference. No significant differences were found in the secondary outcomes. A per-protocol analysis showed that 99% had received assessment as assigned; however, the extent of mobilisation during hospitalisation was not disclosed. Of the patients, 48% were received the post-discharge rehabilitation they were assigned to. Systematic functional assessment and immediate rehabilitation led to no significant differences in physical performance. The study was weakened by the incomplete implementation of mobilisation during hospitalisation and low adherence to protocol on immediate rehabilitation.Implications for rehabilitationA systematic functional assessment within the first 48 h of hospital admission is suitable for the identification of older adults in need of post-discharge rehabilitation when compared to usual assessment.To sustain physical performance in older adults , further research focusing on mobilisation or physical activation is needed in older adults with a loss of functional mobility, or at risk thereof.Further research focusing on physical activation during transition is needed to ameliorate tiredness and inactivity in older adults 10.1080/09638288.2018.1492034
    Multidisciplinary rehabilitation treatments for patients with fibromyalgia: a systematic review. Llàdser Anna-Núria,Montesó-Curto Pilar,López Carlos,Rosselló Lluís,Lear Sydney,Toussaint Loren,Casadó-Martín Lina C European journal of physical and rehabilitation medicine INTRODUCTION:Fibromyalgia (FM) is a pathology that causes physical, psychological, and social problems. For this reason, it requires treatment that involves all of these elements. The main of study is to examine multidisciplinary rehabilitation treatment (MRT) in fibromyalgia and to identify healthcare approaches developing effective MRT tools for the treatment of FM. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION:In this systematic review, we searched the following databases: CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus, Cuidatge, Cuiden, ENFISPO, IBEC and IME. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS:Of 356 articles found we selected 13 to analyze and summarize. We created 4 different categories: 1) multidisciplinary rehabilitation treatment focusing on health education and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT); 2) multidisciplinary rehabilitation treatment that includes dietetics; 3) multidisciplinary rehabilitation treatment adapted to the patients' characteristics; 4) multidisciplinary rehabilitation treatment based on physical exercise. CONCLUSIONS:This review identifies the most effective treatments that may be usefully applied in many different rehabilitation contexts. These include all treatments that incorporated an education (ED) program to patients and an exercise program complete with aerobic exercise (AE), stretching (SE), relaxation (RE), strengthening (TE), endurance (EN), and which includes the entire body and biofeedback. Furthermore, many approaches also include cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for self-management such as occupational therapy, moderation, acceptance, commitment, motivation to change and forgiveness. 10.23736/S1973-9087.21.06432-7
    Development of a theory-driven rehabilitation treatment taxonomy: conceptual issues. Whyte John,Dijkers Marcel P,Hart Tessa,Zanca Jeanne M,Packel Andrew,Ferraro Mary,Tsaousides Theodore Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation Many rehabilitation treatment interventions, unlike pharmacologic treatments, are not operationally defined, and the labels given to such treatments do not specify the active ingredients that produce the intended treatment effects. This, in turn, limits the ability to study and disseminate treatments, to communicate about them clearly, or to train new clinicians to administer them appropriately. We sought to begin the development of a system of classification of rehabilitation treatments and services that is based on their active ingredients. To do this, we reviewed a range of published descriptions of rehabilitation treatments and treatments that were familiar to the authors from their clinical and research experience. These treatment examples were used to develop preliminary rules for defining discrete treatments, identifying the area of function they directly treat, and identifying their active ingredients. These preliminary rules were then tested against additional treatment examples, and problems in their application were used to revise the rules in an iterative fashion. The following concepts, which emerged from this process, are defined and discussed in relation with the development of a rehabilitation treatment taxonomy: rehabilitation treatment taxonomy; treatment and enablement theory; recipient (of treatment); essential, active, and inactive ingredients; mechanism of action; targets and aims of treatment; session; progression; dosing parameters; and social and physical environment. It is hoped that articulation of the conceptual issues encountered during this project will be useful to others attempting to promote theory-based discussion of rehabilitation effects and that multidisciplinary discussion and research will further refine these rules and definitions to advance rehabilitation treatment classification. 10.1016/j.apmr.2013.05.034
    The Importance of Voluntary Behavior in Rehabilitation Treatment and Outcomes. Whyte John,Dijkers Marcel P,Hart Tessa,Van Stan Jarrad H,Packel Andrew,Turkstra Lyn S,Zanca Jeanne M,Chen Christine,Ferraro Mary Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation Most rehabilitation treatments are volitional in nature, meaning that they require the patient's active engagement and effort. Volitional treatments are particularly challenging to define in a standardized fashion, because the clinician is not in complete control of the patient's role in enacting these treatments. Current recommendations for describing treatments in research reports fail to distinguish between 2 fundamentally different aspects of treatment design: the selection of treatment ingredients to produce the desired functional change and the selection of ingredients that will ensure the patient's volitional performance. The Rehabilitation Treatment Specification System (RTSS) is a conceptual scheme for standardizing the way that rehabilitation treatments are defined by all disciplines across all areas of rehabilitation. The RTSS highlights the importance of volitional behavior in many treatment areas and provides specific guidance for how volitional treatments should be specified. In doing so, it suggests important crosscutting research questions about the nature of volitional behavior, factors that make it more or less likely to occur, and ingredients that are most effective in ensuring that patients perform desired treatment activities. 10.1016/j.apmr.2018.09.111
    Effects of cardiac rehabilitation treatment modalities in Sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review. Namanja Alice,Usman Anas,Odunuga Toyin Malawi medical journal : the journal of Medical Association of Malawi Purpose:Although Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) implementation models recommend delivery of any CR treatment component, Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) constitutes only 17% of globally available CR programs. The aims of this review were to assess the benefits of employing any CR treatment modality in SSA, and evaluate if this approach should be encouraged in this resource-constrained region. Methodology:Records were identified electronically via CINAHL, MEDLINE, Cochrane library, African journal online, PubMed, Web of science and google scholar, and grey literature was hand-searched. Articles reporting effectiveness of any CR treatment modality were included if participants had any cardiovascular disease and if the study was conducted in SSA. Quality assessment for each enrolled study was done using Downs and Black (1998) checklist and data was extracted using a modified standard tool. Results:Searches identified 1666 records, 24 full text articles were examined and 10 were included for the review; 60%, 30% and 10% of the enrolled studies were done in South Africa, Nigeria and Benin respectively. The studies implemented exercise, psychosocial and education treatment modalities of CR, and the approach of delivery was either comprehensive or modified. Comprehensive CR and delivery of combined aerobic and resistance exercises improved physical (13%, p=0.001), social (40%, p=0.001) and mental aspects of quality of life and reduced anxiety (-12%, p<0.05) and depression (-6%, p<0.001) respectively. Comprehensive CR and aerobic training both reduced systolic blood pressure (range of mean reduction [RMR] -6 to -14mmHg), diastolic blood pressure (RMR -4 to -6mmHg) and resting heart rate (RMR -7 to -17bpm). Overall, all types of exercises showed a 1-5ml.kg-1.min-1 increase in peak oxygen consumption. Conclusion:The findings support delivery of exercise treatment modality and comprehensive delivery of CR in SSA. However, efficacy of independent implementation of education and psychosocial therapeutic components of CR remains unclear; hence the need for further investigations. 10.4314/mmj.v33i4.10
    Predictors of functional outcomes in adults with brain tumor receiving/ undergoing rehabilitation treatment: a systematic review. European journal of physical and rehabilitation medicine INTRODUCTION:The number of diagnosed brain tumors (BT) has increased in recent years. The results of treatment of patients with surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are also improving and their survival rate has increased significantly. Symptoms of the disease and side effects of oncological treatment may reduce the functional performance of patients. It is so important to conduct rehabilitation in this group of patients. The aim of this systematic review is to identify predictors of effective rehabilitation in aspects of physical functioning of BT patients. The study was registered with health and social care, welfare, public health, education, crime, justice and international development departments, where there is a health-related interest outcome PROSPERO. We have received registration number is: CRD42021269398. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION:To find relevant publications, the algorithm of keywords ("brain tumor") AND (rehabilitation OR "physical activity" OR exercise OR "physical therapy") was used. The search was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, PEDro, ClinicalTrials.gov and Cochrane Library. Information was extracted using the PICO format (i.e., participants, intervention, comparison, outcomes). EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS:the initial search identified a total of 1122 results, and 21 articles met the criteria and were selected for analysis. CONCLUSIONS:The results present that rehabilitation is an important and safe cancer encouraging therapy, brings functional benefits. The type of rehabilitation program, especially in BT patients, depends on many factors such as time and type of oncological treatment, general conditions which is strongly related to the general functioning of the patient. It still is a need for clinical research into the safety and effectiveness of rehabilitation interventions already during radio or chemotherapy in this group of cancer patients. 10.23736/S1973-9087.22.07510-4
    Impaired ECM Remodeling and Macrophage Activity Define Necrosis and Regeneration Following Damage in Aged Skeletal Muscle. Rahman Fasih Ahmad,Angus Sarah Anne,Stokes Kyle,Karpowicz Phillip,Krause Matthew Paul International journal of molecular sciences Regenerative capacity of skeletal muscle declines with age, the cause of which remains largely unknown. We investigated extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins and their regulators during early regeneration timepoints to define a link between aberrant ECM remodeling, and impaired aged muscle regeneration. The regeneration process was compared in young (three month old) and aged (18 month old) C56BL/6J mice at 3, 5, and 7 days following cardiotoxin-induced damage to the tibialis anterior muscle. Immunohistochemical analyses were performed to assess regenerative capacity, ECM remodeling, and the macrophage response in relation to plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), and ECM protein expression. The regeneration process was impaired in aged muscle. Greater intracellular and extramyocellular PAI-1 expression was found in aged muscle. Collagen I was found to accumulate in necrotic regions, while macrophage infiltration was delayed in regenerating regions of aged muscle. Young muscle expressed higher levels of MMP-9 early in the regeneration process that primarily colocalized with macrophages, but this expression was reduced in aged muscle. Our results indicate that ECM remodeling is impaired at early time points following muscle damage, likely a result of elevated expression of the major inhibitor of ECM breakdown, PAI-1, and consequent suppression of the macrophage, MMP-9, and myogenic responses. 10.3390/ijms21134575
    The effect of electroacupuncture in a patient with a 2-year history of right femoral muscle injury complicated by chronic hemorrhagic necrosis: a case report. Chen Guangxian,Lin Guohua,Wang Shuxin,Zeng Jingchun Acupuncture in medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society 10.1177/09645284211055756
    Ischemic Muscle Necrosis of Lower Extremities in Peripheral Arterial Disease: The Impact of 99mTc-MDP Scintigraphy on Patient Management. Jocius Donatas,Vajauskas Donatas,Skrebunas Arminas,Gutauskas Marijus,Tamosiunas Algirdas Edvardas Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania) The objective of this study was to assess the value of a whole-body bone scintigraphy using 99m technetium labelled-methyl diphosphonate (99mTc-MDP) for the diagnosis and the assessment of grades of muscle damage after prolonged acute or chronic obstruction of the main arteries in lower extremities. : Fifty consecutive patients were selected for the study. The patients' condition had not improved after primary peripheral arterial reconstruction operation or limb amputation and after conservative treatment. The clinical suspicion was of arterial obstruction and muscle necrosis. All the patients underwent whole-body scintigraphy with 99mTc-MDP. Muscle necrosis was identified as an increased soft tissue uptake of 99mTc-MDP. : Forty-five patients had gross muscle necrosis detected on whole-body scintigraphy with 99mTc-MDP and were histologically confirmed after repeated surgery (necrectomy or amputation) or by muscle biopsy, if only fasciotomy was performed. The location and extent of muscle injury were assessed preoperatively and the findings were confirmed in all 45 patients. Twelve patients with clinically suspected minor muscle damage, which was confirmed as relatively minor muscle necrosis on 99mTc-MDP scintigraphy, were treated conservatively. The clinical outcome of all 50 patients was favorable. The 99mTc-MDP scintigraphy, in detection of muscular necrosis, demonstrated sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 97.3% (95% confidence interval (CI) 85.4% to 99.3%), 30.77% (95% confidence interval (CI) 9.09% to 61.43%), and 80% (95% confidence interval (CI) 66.28% to 89.97%), respectively. : The 99mTc-MDP scintigraphy is a valuable tool in the detection of muscular necrosis. It is able to define location, extent, and grade of involvement. Therefore, it has a clinical impact in patient management, allowing clinicians to select adequate treatment policy and specify the scope of necrectomy. 10.3390/medicina55120763