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    Endometriosis and Cannabis Consumption During the COVID-19 Pandemic: An International Cross-Sectional Survey. Cannabis and cannabinoid research Endometriosis affects 1 in 10 women worldwide, with most experiencing difficulties achieving adequate symptom control. These difficulties have been compounded by the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic due to worldwide shifts in health care resource allocation. As cannabis is a relatively common form of self-management in endometriosis, this study aims to explore the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on cannabis consumption in those with endometriosis. An anonymous, cross-sectional online international survey was developed and promoted by endometriosis advocacy/support organizations worldwide. Respondents needed to have a diagnosis of endometriosis and be aged between 18 and 55. A total of 1634 responses were received from 46 different countries. The average age of respondents was 30, with a mean diagnosis age of 25. Eight hundred forty-six respondents (51%) reported consuming cannabis in the past 3 months, with 55% of these reporting use for symptom management only. One in five respondents (20%) reported having consumed cannabis previously, the most common reason for discontinuation (65%) was access difficulties during COVID. Those who had legal access were more likely to consume cannabis than those without (<0.0001) and were more likely to disclose usage to health care professionals (<0.0001). The most common reasons for consuming cannabis during COVID was increased stress/anxiety (59%) and lack of access to normal medical care (48%). Pre-pandemic, cannabis was mostly consumed at least once a day (61%) and in inhaled forms (51.6%). Consumption increased for most people (57%) during the pandemic. During the pandemic just under a quarter (23%) of respondents changed their mode of consumption, with a reduction in inhaled forms (39.5%) and an increase in consumption of edibles (40%) or oil (25.2%). Cannabis consumption, especially for symptom relief, was relatively common among those with endometriosis, with some people starting their consumption of cannabis due to health care restrictions that occurred due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Difficulties accessing cannabis and unpleasant/unwanted side effects were the most common reasons for lack of current cannabis consumption in those who had previously consumed it. Cannabis consumption may form an important part of endometriosis management especially when access to routine medical care is restricted. 10.1089/can.2021.0162
    Cohort profile: The Endometriosis pain QUality aftEr Surgical Treatment (EndoQUEST) Study. PloS one Endometriosis affects reproductive-aged females and varies considerably in terms of symptom presentation, morphologic features, and treatment response. Most studies investigating symptom recurrence after an endometriosis-related surgery have been conducted among adults. The Endometriosis pain QUality aftEr Surgical Treatment (EndoQUEST) Study was established to assess characteristics and biomarkers that are associated with pain remediation and improved quality of life after an endometriosis-related surgery among adolescents and young adults. This paper describes the EndoQUEST methodology, summarizes baseline descriptive factors, and compares characteristics by participant retention status. We enrolled 100 surgically-confirmed endometriosis participants aged 12-23 years who provided questionnaire data on reproductive and behavioral factors, pain characteristics and quality of life at three time points; before surgery, 6 weeks to 26 weeks after surgery, and 1 year after surgery. Among these 100 participants, 88 provided blood and/or saliva at all three time points, while 12 provided blood and/or saliva samples only before surgery and 6 to 26 weeks after surgery. There was little evidence of lost to follow-up at 1 year after surgery due to pain symptoms, as pain and quality of life characteristics were similar between participants who completed the questionnaire 1 year after surgery and those who did not. Analyses utilizing these longitudinal data will advance personalized treatment decision making for adolescents and young adults with endometriosis. 10.1371/journal.pone.0269858
    Adolescent Endometriosis. Obstetrical & gynecological survey IMPORTANCE:Endometriosis is a major health concern in the adolescent population and significantly impacts daily physical and psychosocial functioning. Endometriosis can have differing presentations in this population, and the diagnosis often involves long delays and multiple visits to specialists. OBJECTIVE:The aim of this review is to discuss adolescent endometriosis, factors specific to this population, accurate diagnosis, and evidence-based surgical and medical management. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION:Computerized searches on the topic of endometriosis and adolescent endometriosis were completed. References from identified sources were then searched manually to allow for a thorough review. Data from relevant sources were synthesized to create the review. RESULTS:The literature supports endometriosis as a frequent cause of secondary dysmenorrhea. The characteristics of adolescents with endometriosis are shown to differ from those of adults. Initial medical therapy includes nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and combined hormonal contraceptives, but laparoscopy does have a role in the adolescent population, particularly those who have inadequate response to these treatments. Adolescent endometriosis may have a different appearance and be of all stages. Medical therapies are similar to that of the adult population; however, the benefits of medical and surgical management must be tailored to the adolescent patient. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE:Adolescent endometriosis is likely a more prevalent cause of dysmenorrhea than currently appreciated. A high index of suspicion combined with recognition of risk factors and history-based markers of endometriosis may help identify adolescent endometriosis earlier and avoid delays in diagnosis. Expert opinion supports earlier laparoscopic evaluation in patients with symptoms unresponsive to oral medications, those who have failed initial medical therapy, or those who have evidence of deeply invasive disease, such as an endometrioma. Surgeons should be familiar with the unique appearance of lesions in the adolescent and understand the evidence as it relates to surgical therapy. Postoperative medical management is generally advocated by many, although the efficacy remains unclear at present. 10.1097/OGX.0000000000000808