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    Differentiating central nervous system infection from disease infiltration in hematological malignancy. Scientific reports Hematological malignancies place individuals at risk of CNS involvement from their hematological disease and opportunistic intracranial infection secondary to disease-/treatment-associated immunosuppression. Differentiating CNS infection from hematological disease infiltration in these patients is valuable but often challenging. We sought to determine if statistical models might aid discrimination between these processes. Neuroradiology, clinical and laboratory data for patients with hematological malignancy at our institution between 2007 and 2017 were retrieved. MRI were deep-phenotyped across anatomical distribution, presence of pathological enhancement, diffusion restriction and hemorrhage and statistically modelled with Bayesian-directed probability networks and multivariate logistic regression. 109 patients were studied. Irrespective of a diagnosis of CNS infection or hematological disease, the commonest anatomical distributions of abnormality were multifocal-parenchymal (34.9%), focal-parenchymal (29.4%) and leptomeningeal (11.9%). Pathological enhancement was the most frequently observed abnormality (46.8%), followed by hemorrhage (22.9%) and restricted diffusion (19.3%). Logistic regression could differentiate CNS infection from hematological disease infiltration with an AUC of 0.85 where, with OR > 1 favoring CNS infection and < 1 favoring CNS hematological disease, significantly predictive imaging features were hemorrhage (OR 24.61, p = 0.02), pathological enhancement (OR 0.17, p = 0.04) and an extra-axial location (OR 0.06, p = 0.05). In conclusion, CNS infection and hematological disease are heterogeneous entities with overlapping radiological appearances but a multivariate interaction of MR imaging features may assist in distinguishing them. 10.1038/s41598-022-19769-2
    SPARC in hematologic malignancies and novel technique for hematological disease with its abnormal expression. Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie Secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC), also known as osteonectin or BM-40, is a matricellular protein involved in several biological processes including cell adhesion, growth factor availability, extracellular matrix remodeling and immune-regulation. SPARC has also been associated with a variety of diseases including diabetes, colon cancer, and leukemia. The expression of SPARC in different diseases exhibits some degree of ambiguity, especially in hemopathies. Herein, we review the current expression and effects of SPARC in various hematologic disorders with respect to nanoparticle albumin bound innovative therapies and related diagnostic research, providing a clinical perspective on the use of NAB technology in the frontier treatment of hematologic diseases. 10.1016/j.biopha.2022.113519
    Molecular Basis of Hematological Disease Caused by Inherited or Acquired RUNX1 Mutations. Experimental hematology The transcription factor RUNX1 is essential for correct hematopoietic development; in its absence in the germ line, blood stem cells are not formed. RUNX1 orchestrates dramatic changes in the chromatin landscape at the onset of stem cell formation, which set the stage for both stem self-renewal and further differentiation. However, once blood stem cells are formed, the mutation of the RUNX1 gene is not lethal but can lead to various hematopoietic defects and a predisposition to cancer. Here we summarize the current literature on inherited and acquired RUNX1 mutations, with a particular emphasis on mutations that alter the structure of the RUNX1 protein itself, and place these changes in the context of what is known about RUNX1 function. We also summarize which mutant RUNX1 proteins are actually expressed in cells and discuss the molecular mechanism underlying how such variants reprogram the epigenome setting stem cells on the path to malignancy. 10.1016/j.exphem.2022.03.009