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Naoxintong capsule delay the progression of diabetic kidney disease: A real-world cohort study. Frontiers in endocrinology Introduction:Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a severe and growing health problem, associated with a worse prognosis and higher overall mortality rates than non-diabetic renal disease. Chinese herbs possess promising clinical benefits in alleviating the progression of DKD due to their multi-target effect. This real-world retrospective cohort trial aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of Naoxintong (NXT) capsules in the treatment of DKD. Our study is the first real-world study (RWS) of NXT in the treatment of DKD based on a large database, providing a basis for clinical application and promotion. Methods:The data was collected from Tianjin Healthcare and Medical Big Data Platform. Patients with DKD were enrolled from January 1, 2011, to March 31, 2021. NXT administration was defined as the exposure. The primary outcome was the change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). We employed the propensity score matching (PSM) method to deal with confounding factors. Results:A total of 1,798 patients were enrolled after PSM, including 899 NXT users (exposed group) and 899 non-users (control group). The eGFR changes from baseline to the end of the study were significantly different in the exposed group compared to the control group (-1.46 ± 21.94 vs -5.82 ± 19.8 mL/(min·1.73m), P< 0.01). Patients in the NXT group had a lower risk of composite renal outcome event (HR, 0.71; 95%CI, 0.55 to 0.92; P = 0.009) and deterioration of renal function (HR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.56 to 0.99; P = 0.039). Conclusion:NXT can significantly slow the decline of eGFR and reduce the risk of renal outcomes. However, large cohort studies and RCTs are needed to further confirm our results. 10.3389/fendo.2022.1037564
Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis and COPD: A Propensity-Matched Real-World Study. Chest BACKGROUND:The adherence to and clinical efficacy of pulmonary rehabilitation in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), particularly in comparison with COPD, remains uncertain. The objectives of this real-world study were to compare the responses of patients with IPF with a matched group of patients with COPD undergoing the same supervised, outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program and to determine whether pulmonary rehabilitation is associated with survival in IPF. RESEARCH QUESTION:Do people with IPF improve to the same extent with pulmonary rehabilitation as a matched group of individuals with COPD, and are noncompletion of or nonresponse to pulmonary rehabilitation, or both, associated with 1-year all-cause mortality in IPF? STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:Using propensity score matching, 163 patients with IPF were matched 1:1 with a control group of 163 patients with COPD referred for pulmonary rehabilitation. We compared between-group pulmonary rehabilitation completion rates and response. Survival status in the IPF cohort was recorded over 1 year after pulmonary rehabilitation discharge. Cox proportional hazards regression explored the association between pulmonary rehabilitation status and all-cause mortality. RESULTS:Similar pulmonary rehabilitation completion rates (IPF, 69%; COPD, 63%; P = .24) and improvements in exercise response were observed in both groups with no significant mean between-group differences in incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT) change (mean, 2 m [95% CI, -18 to 22 m]). Pulmonary rehabilitation noncompletion (hazard ratio [HR], 5.62 [95% CI, 2.24-14.08]) and nonresponse (HR, 3.91 [95% CI, 1.54-9.93]) were associated independently with increased 1-year all-cause mortality in IPF. INTERPRETATION:This real-word study demonstrated that patients with IPF have similar completion rates and magnitude of response to pulmonary rehabilitation compared with a matched group of patients with COPD. In IPF, noncompletion of and nonresponse to pulmonary rehabilitation were associated with increased all-cause mortality. These data reinforce the benefits of pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with IPF. 10.1016/j.chest.2021.10.021